1. dia - ELTE Belső-ázsiai Tanszék

Mulian megmenti anyjt Knai buddhista pokoljrshistria Polyk Eszter ELTE-BTK Knai BA 2013. mrcius 19. Forrsjegyzk Cole, Alan : Mothers and Sons in Chinese Buddhism. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1998 Mulian megmenti anyjt Knai buddhista pokoljrs histria. ford.: Kalmr va. Syllabux Knyvkiad, Budapest, 2010 Mulian saves his mother

http://academic.reed.edu/hellscrolls/scrolls/Aser ies/A10/A10c.html Utols megtekints: 2013. mrcius 17. The Ullambana Sutra http://www.urbandharma.org/udharma4/ullamb ana.html Utols megtekints: 2013. mrcius 17. A trtnet eredete A trtnet eredetileg az Ullambana-tl sztrjban tallhat meg, amelyrl a buddhista Ullambana nnep kapta a nevt Mulian eredeti neve Maudgalyyana, Buddha egyik kzeli tantvnya volt Az nnep sorn a hrom alantas karma

oszlik, a tz j karma nvekszik A trtnet tbbfle vltozatt tartalmaz iratok a Knban, Gansu tartomnyban tallhat Dunhuangi barlangtemplombl szrmaznak A pokoljrs histrija Mulian, vilgi nevn Luobu, klfldre utazott, ezalatt anyja sajt cljaira hasznlta vagyont, s tetteirl hazudott finak Anyjt s apjt hrom ven keresztl gyszolta

halluk utn Buddha, lgy kegyes, tantvnyodat tvezessed,/ hogy az Utat tanulvn szvt/ a kt szlje irnti hlnak szentelhesse Ezutn buddhista szerzetes lett, a Szellemerdben Buddha tanjvnyai kztt az els Alszlls a pokolba Az erd mlyn meditcijbl kikerlve szellemerejt hasznlja, hogy Brahma egben

kereshesse szleit. Apjt, Fu Xiangot megtallja a Mennyei Palotban, m anyja a pokolba kerlt. Jambudvpa alvilgi tjain indul a pokolba, s tjnak sorn megismeri a pokol brokrcijt, szembesl anyja, Qingti bneivel Megtudja az t Ltalak Generlistl, hogy anyja az Avci-pokolban senyved Egyre mlyebbre kerlve ms s ms bntetseket lt ms s ms bnk kvetkezmnyeknt (Ksek Hegye, Bronzoszlopok s Vaskerevetek pokla) Azonban nem tud lejutni az rk pokolba, csak Buddha nevnek szntelen ismtlsvel

A pokol ura a Buddha ltal kldtt tizenkt kariks nbotot ltva engedi ki Mulianhez az anyjt, aki a hetedik rekeszben van, hes szellemknt Mulian Buddha erejbl tallkozhat anyjval, s telt is koldul neki Rajagrha vrosban, azonban mieltt szjba vehetn azt, hamuv g A hetedik hnap tizentdik napjig vr, amikor bsges ullambana-tlat kszt, s eddigi rdemei kvetkeztben anyja fekete kutya kpben jjszletik Rajagrhban Ht napon s ht jjelen keresztl mondja a nagy kocsi knyveit, mg anyja emberknt jj nem szletik Karmjban nem tall Buddha sem bnt, s vgl Qingti is elnyeri a Hrom kk ajndkt

Hatsa A taoista tisztt szertartsok rszt kpezi az n. Mulian-jtk vagy drma Az eredeti 10. szzadi szveg a bianwen (tvltozs) mforma egyik els pldja Kyoto egyik templomban a 20. szzadban talltk meg egy 1251-es knai pldny 1346-ban Japnban jranyomott pldnyt (Mulian=Mokuren) Az Ullambana-nnepet a mai napig tartjk valamilyen formban a Tvol-Kelet tbb orszgban

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