14. Early Medieval Art in Europe - Rocky Mountain College

14. Early Medieval Art in Europe - Rocky Mountain College

GREAT MIGRATION c. 400-550 CE CELTIC c. 500 BCE-1200 CE British Isles & parts of north, western & central Europe

VENDEL PERIOD c. 550-800 CE SCANDANAVIA

VIKING AGE c. 800-1100 CE SCANDANAVIA CAROLINGIAN PERIOD c. 768-877

CE OTTONIAN PEROD c. 919-1002 CE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

MAP of Medieval Europe

NORSE MYTHOLOGY

14-2 MIGRATION LATE ROMAN EARLY BYZANTINE

Map of Celtic Britain

CELTIC ART Celtic, pronounced Kel-tik (from the Greek or Keltoi), is a term that encompasses cultures in the British Isles & parts of north, western & central Europe. Art forms are made in a variety of mediums and materials

metalwork, jewelry, illuminated manuscripts, shipbuilding, enameling, wood, leather, ivory, bone, antler, stone and more. Celtic art has been described thusly: Its most outstanding characteristic is its eclecticism and variety, at times borrowing from Greek, Eastern, Roman and Viking art. Some common design elements, motifs and terms are as follows:

animal style the use of animals as motifs, usually very decorative and abstract. Often limbs and other body parts are extended into complex interlaced designs, sometimes in combat. Often, the human figure is treated similarly. By contrast, when a naturalistic approach is attempted on either animal or human, it can leave the viewer wondering if the artist had ever witnessed his/her subject.

chip carving a technique of cutting metal into faceted surfaces, to reflect light, often in the form of reversed pyramids. True chip carving is rare; pseudo-chip carving, produced by casting, is more usual. filigree very fine wire work, e.g. in the detail showing the dragon in the Tara Brooch. folio the page of a manuscript. A page of vellum has two sides, recto (smooth) & verso (rough, hair side).

Hiberno-Saxon or Insular are terms used to describe works of this period made specifically in the British Isles. Hiberno refers to Ireland. horror vacui fear of empty space; the characteristic of filling negative space with decoration. interlacing interwoven linear design, A.K.A. ribbon interlace or over-and-under interlace.

niello a black paste (silver sulphide w/ copper) used as inlay. nomads gear small, portable and functional objects of art. penannular the term, meaning an almost complete ring, is used for circular brooches with a break in the hoop. However, the heavy terminals of so-called penannulars were sometimes fused, i.e. the hoop was made as an

unbroken circle. Such brooches are referred to as pseudo-penannular. zoomorphic ornament of animal form. CELTIC

CELTIC SUTTON HOO - CELTIC

SUTTON HOO - CELTIC SUTTON HOO+

CELTIC SUTTON HOO+ - CELTIC

SUTTON HOO+ CELTIC 14-3 SUTTON HOO - CELTIC

SUTTON HOO+ - CELTIC SUTTON HOO - CELTIC

14-4 CELTIC INSULAR

MAJUSCULE 14-1 BOOK OF KELLS

CELTIC BOOK OF KELLS -CELTIC

BOOK OF KELLS CELTIC

Lindisfarne Gospels - CELTIC 14-5

CELTIC (Hiberno-Saxon) 14-19 VENDEL

14-19 VENDEL VENDEL & VIKING

14-20, 21 Oseberg Ship Burial VIKING VIKING

THE VIKINGS 1958

CAROLINGIAN PERIOD 768-877

14-10 CAROLINGIAN 14-11 CAROLINGIAN

14-12 CAROLINGIAN 7-26 San Vitale & 14-11 Palace Chapel

14-13 CAROLINGIAN 14-14 CAROLINGIAN

CAROLINGIAN 14-16 CAROLINGIAN

14-17 CAROLINGIAN 14-18 CAROLINGIAN

OTTONIAN PERIOD c. 919-1002* CE Henry the Fowler (919-36) Otto I (936-73) 1st Holy Roman Emperor

Otto II (973-83) Otto III (983-96/996-1002) 14-22, 23 & 24 OTTONIAN

14-25 OTTONIAN 14-26 OTTONIAN

14-28 OTTONIAN 14-30 OTTONIAN

LINKS AND SOURCES NORSE MYTHOLOGY CELTIC MYTHOLOGY

SUTTON HOO SITE SUTTON HOO SOCIETY SUTTON HOO LINKS BRITISH MUSEUM

(click compass, continue compass, type sutton hoo in search) THE MUSEUM OF NATIONAL ANTIQUITIES (Sweden) OSEBERG SHIP BURIAL

Backhouse, Janet. The Lindisfarne Gospels. London: Phaidon, 1981. Harris, David.The Art of Calligraphy. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 1995. Kleiner, et al. Gardners Art Through The Ages. New York: Harcourt, 2001. Laing, J. & L. Art of the Celts. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1994.

Meehan, Bernard. The Book of Kells. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1994. Mutherich & Gaehde. Carolingian Painting. New York: G. Braziller, 1976. Nordenfalk, Carl. Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Painting. New York: G. Braziller, 1977. Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 2002.

Suggested Movie: The Vikings, Kirk Douglas, 1958. (available at Blockbuster)

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Technology Transfer context: Access to CERN technologies for ...

    Technology Transfer context: Access to CERN technologies for ...

    * Agenda CERN knowledge and technology transfer IP in technology transfer IP in scientific collaborations * CERN knowledge and technology transfer IP in technology transfer IP in scientific collaborations CERN mission "The Organization shall provide for collaboration among European States...
  • Social Psychology

    Social Psychology

    Conformity and Social Approval: The Asch Line Judgment Studies These are classic normative reasons for conforming: The Consequences of Resisting Normative Social Influence If you disregard the friendship norms of the group by failing to conform to them, two things...
  • On the Structure of A World (Which May Be) Described by ...

    On the Structure of A World (Which May Be) Described by ...

    Tony Leggett Department of Physics University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign QDNS '12 WORKSHOP In celebration of Uli Eckern's ... S E QDSN-2 Vo AO Caldeira and AJL (1981): Apply FV technique to problem of quantum tunnelling of macroscopic variable (e.g....
  • Osiągnięcia uczniów I Liceum Ogólnokształcącego w roku ...

    Osiągnięcia uczniów I Liceum Ogólnokształcącego w roku ...

    Osiągnięcia uczniów I Liceum Ogólnokształcącego w roku szkolnym 2010/2011 semestr I Powiatowy Amatorski Konkurs Fitness & Wellness Powiatowy Amatorski Konkurs Fitness & Wellness JĘZYK FRANCUSKI XXXIV Olimpiada Języka Francuskiego Barbara Szczurek III c Kwalifikacja do etapu okręgowego opiekun: Maria Pogoda...
  • Chapter 2 : The Stone Age and Early Cultures

    Chapter 2 : The Stone Age and Early Cultures

    Chapter 2 Section 1. Early Humans. Homo habilisor "handy man" - closely related to modern humans, because they had a larger brain (about ½ the size of modern humans).. Homo erectus . or "upright man" - used stone tools like...
  • I Saluti - Madison Public Schools

    I Saluti - Madison Public Schools

    I Saluti Le Presentazioni Le Presentazioni Informali Ciao, mi chiamo Roberto. E tu, come ti chiami? Mi chiamo Francesca. Piacere! Piacere! Le Presentazioni Formali Buongiorno, mi chiamo Antonio Martelli.
  • The Rise of Royal Power

    The Rise of Royal Power

    Heath Divine Right of Kings Divine Right Theory was the idea that a monarch's power came from God. It was the belief that the King or Monarch was God's Deputy on Earth. It was the belief that God had appointed...
  • Lecture 1

    Lecture 1

    The Modern Corporation and Corporate Governance: An Overview Professor Alexander Settles Faculty of Management, State University - Higher School of Economics