15 15 11 History of the English Language

15 15 11 History of the English Language

synthetic ~ analytic 1500 years ago, English was much more synthetic than it is today. It has changed into a more analytic language synthetic ~ analytic The man loves the woman The woman loves the man Lhomme aime la femme

La femme aime lhomme Maurinn elskar konuna Konuna elskar maurinn synthetic ~ analytic

Maurinn elskar konuna Konuna elskar maurinn Konan elskar manninn Manninn elskar konan

Vir amat mulierem ~ Mulierem vir amat Mulier amat virem ~ Amat virem mulier synthetic ~ analytic Analytic languages signal grammatical relationships by position in the sentence Synthetic languages signal grammatical

relationships by the shape of the words synthetic ~ analytic The man loves the woman The men love the women She loves me We love Johns dog synthetic ~ analytic

The change from a synthetic language to an analytic language synthetic ~ analytic The change from a mainly synthetic language to a mainly analytic language

Nornin sau jurtina Jurtina sau nornin So wicce sa wyrte wyrte sa so wicce The witch boiled the plant The plant boiled the witch So wyrt sa wiccan wiccan sa so wyrt Jurtin sau nornina

Nornina sau jurtin For an explanation to this slide and the next, see http://www.hi.is/~peturk/KENNSLA/11/TOPICS/01Analyticsynthetic.html English has changed from being a mainly synthetic language to being a mainly analytic language So wicce sa wyrte

e wicce sa e wyrte e wicc sa e wyrt The witch seethed the wort The witch boiled the herb Why do languages change? How do they change?

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