5.4 Alexander- Empire Builder

5.4 Alexander- Empire Builder

5.4 AlexanderEmpire Builder I. Philip Builds Macedonias Power Macedonias location

1. Just North of Greece A. Philips Army Philip becomes king

a. age: 23 yrs old b. date: 359 BC Philips unbeatable army= 2 fighting groups a. Phalanx

b. Calvary Demosthenes,

an Athenian orator tried to warn the Geeks of the

threat that Philip & his army posed

Before Philip After

Philip B. Conquest of Greece 1. Two Greek city-states joined forces against Philip

a. Athens b. Thebes

2. Result of their effort a. Too late; Philip takes control 3. Circumstances surrounding Philips death

a. Stabbed to death at daughters wedding 4. Philips successor a. His son Alexander

II. Alexander Defeats Persia A. Invasion of Persia 1. Location where the 2 forces met a. Granicus River

2. The defeated Persian king b. Darius III B. Alexanders Ambitions Grow

1. Darius offer to Alexander a. Western 1/3 of the Persian Empire 2. Alexander is welcomed in Egypt & found the great city of:

b. Alexandria (famous for a huge stone lighthouse)

C.Conquering the Persian Empire 1. The two powers meet in Mesopotamia 2. Results of the battle a Alexander takes control of all of Persia

III.Alexanders OtherConquests A. Alexander in India 1. Alexander wins a fierce battle in the Indus

River Valley but morale was low a. years spent fighting & miles marched 1. 11 years 2. 11,000 miles

Granicus Gaugamela

Issus Hydaspes

2. Alexanders Death a. Died of a fever just before turning

B. Alexanders Legacy 1. The 3 strongest generals divide the empire a. Antigonus controls

1. Macedonia b. Ptolemy controls 1. Egypt c. Secleucus controls

1. Most of the old Persian Empire 2. Alexanders conquests encouraged the birth of a vibrant new culture that mixed a blend of Greek, Egyptian, & Eastern customs

a. Hellenistic Culture IV. Hellenistic Culture A. Astronomy

1. Estimated that the sun was larger than the earth 2. Incorrectly placed the earth at the center of the solar

system 3. Computed the circumference of the earth A. 28,000-29,000 miles (24,860) B. Math & Physics

1. Euclid- Geometry- The Elements Archimedes- Invented Archimedes 2. screw & compound pulley, Estimated the value of pi

C. Philosophy 1. Stoicism a. try to live in

harmony with god b. are man desires dangerous distractions

2. Epicureanism a. the gods dont care about people b.

s ok topursue human pleasures D. Art

1. Hellenistic artists will use more realism Classical Artthe art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which harmony, order, and

balance were emphasized Artimis

Alexander the Great

Hellenistic Artreferring to the art of the Greek world from the rein of Alexander the Great to the late second century;

More realistic/ more emotion than classical art Phillip

Alter to Zeus Nike

(Winged Victory) of Sommthrace

Classical or Hellenistic? Themae

Boxer Massimo Apollo

Venus de Milo Aphrodite

& Hercules Gaul

killing himself 5.4 AlexanderEmpire Builder

I. Philip Builds Macedonias Power Macedonias location 1. Just North of Greece

A. Philips Army Philip becomes king a. age: 23 yrs old

b. date: 359 BC Philips unbeatable army= 2 fighting groups a. Phalanx b.

Calvary Demosthenes, an Athenian

orator tried to warn the Geeks of the threat that

Philip & his army posed Before

Philip After Philip

B. Conquest of Greece 1. Two Greek city-states joined forces against Philip a. Athens

b. Thebes 2. Result of their effort

a. Too late; Philip takes control 3. Circumstances surrounding Philips death a. Stabbed to death at daughters wedding

4. Philips successor a. His son Alexander II. Alexander Defeats Persia

A. Invasion of Persia 1. Location where the 2 forces met a. Granicus River 2. The defeated Persian king

b. Darius III B. Alexanders Ambitions Grow 1. Darius offer to Alexander

a. Western 1/3 of the Persian Empire 2. Alexander is welcomed in Egypt & found the great city of: b. Alexandria

(famous for a huge stone lighthouse) C.Conquering the Persian Empire

1. The two powers meet in Mesopotamia 2. Results of the battle a Alexander takes control of all of Persia

III.Alexanders OtherConquests A. Alexander in India 1. Alexander wins a fierce battle in the Indus River Valley but morale was low

a. years spent fighting & miles marched 1. 11 years 2. 11,000 miles

Granicus Gaugamela

Issus Hydaspes

2. Alexanders Death a. Died of a fever just before turning

B. Alexanders Legacy 1. The 3 strongest generals divide the empire a. Antigonus controls 1. Macedonia

b. Ptolemy controls 1. Egypt c. Secleucus controls 1. Most of the old Persian Empire

2. Alexanders conquests encouraged the birth of a vibrant new culture that mixed a blend of Greek, Egyptian, & Eastern customs a. Hellenistic Culture

Classical Artthe art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which harmony, order, and balance were

emphasized Artimis

Alexander the Great Hellenistic Artreferring to the art of the Greek

world from the rein of Alexander the Great to the late second century; More realistic/ more emotion than

classical art Phillip

Alter to Zeus Nike (Winged

Victory) of Sommthrace Classical or

Hellenistic? Themae Boxer

Massimo Apollo

Venus de Milo Aphrodite &

Hercules Gaul killing

himself

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