Neonatal Resuscitation Program 7 edition Update th June 21, 2016 An excerpt from the 2016 CPS NRP Resuscitation Science Club Background 5-year resuscitation science review by International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation Neonatal Task Force
Guidelines reviewed and integrated into education programs such as the 7th edition NRP guidelines and resources developed by AAP CPS NRP Committee review of ILCOR consensus statement and 7th edition materials AAP launched 7th edition NRP Spring 2016. Launch in Canada Fall 2016: September and November September 30, 2017: 7th edition mandatory implementation date Clinical Changes
Weiner, G. M., & Zaichkin, J. (2016). Textbook of neonatal resuscitation. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. Preparation Focus on history Team briefing and role assignment Equipment check Initial Steps Non-vigorous infants delivered through meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) do not routinely require
intubation and tracheal suction MSAF remains a risk factor for abnormal transition, and teams must ensure a member with advanced airway and resuscitation skills is in attendance http://www2.aap.org/nrp/docs/15535_NRP%20Guidelines%20Flyer_English_FINAL.pdf Initial Steps Initial assessment: term, tone and breathing/crying?
Warmth and position airway Suction if necessary Dry and stimulate Initial Steps Temperature should be maintained between 36.5 and 37.5 Celsius For preterm infants, combination of interventions - Plastic wrap or bag - Thermal mattress
- Hat Focus on thermoregulation throughout resuscitation Initial Steps In stable infants, delayed cord clamping should be performed for at least 30 seconds. Insufficient evidence to recommend approach in those requiring resuscitation Starting resuscitation gas for term infant should be 21% In infants <35 weeks, starting gas should be 21-30%. Specific starting concentration of oxygen should be
incorporated into local-agreed guidelines Continue to target saturations using preductal saturation monitor PPV Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) if HR <100 bpm or ineffective respirations. Initial PIP 20-25 cm H20 When resuscitation of preterm baby is required, PEEP is recommended (starting PEEP 5 cm H20) Consider electronic cardiac monitor when resuscitation
required After PPV started, reassess in 15 seconds. If no response, MR SOPA corrective measures should be incorporated. If no response to MR SOPA, consider obstruction and suction through ETT or with meconium aspirator Advanced airway Intubation recommended before chest compressions If intubation is not
successful or feasible, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) should be used Depth of insertion using table or by measuring nasaltragus length (NTL) + 1 cm Weiner, G. M., & Zaichkin, J. (2016). Textbook of neonatal resuscitation. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics DOPE
Chest compressions HR <60 bpm in spite of 30 seconds of effective PPV. Oxygen should be increased to 100% 2-thumb technique is still
recommended. Once airway secured, switch to head of bed Electronic cardiac monitor preferred for assessment of heart rate
Continue chest compressions for 60 seconds before rechecking Photo credit : www2.aap.org Epinephrine Indicated if HR remains <60 bpm after at least 30 secs of effective PPV and another 60 seconds of chest compressions using 100% oxygen
One dose may be given through ETT. If no response, give intravenous dose via emergency UVC or IO access In Canada, simplified Epinephrine dosing continues to be recommended Other medications Ringers Lactate no longer recommended for management of hypovolaemic shock UVC preferred route of emergency vascular access, but IO can be used as alternative
No evidence to support the routine practice of NaHCO3 to correct metabolic acidosis Insufficient evidence to evaluate safety and efficacy of Naloxone and risks of complications Preterm Infants Temperature control - Room temperature 23-25 degrees Celsius - Plastic wrap or bag - Thermal mattress and hat
3-lead EKG monitor for rapid and reliable HR assessment If resuscitation required, PEEP recommended; no particular device recommended CPAP can be used if stable but increased work of breathing (PEEP 5-8 cmH20 suggested ) Educational Changes Instructor Trainer role will continue in Canada. Online examination now for both providers and instructors. Instructors will complete with renewal
All providers will complete same components of online exam Course continues to focus on learner needs with skills stations adapted to learners clinical practice Course continues to comprise skills stations, integrated skills stations and evaluation (Megacode), simulation and debriefing Educational Changes cont Integrated skills station evaluation (Megacode) will remain as both basic and advanced evaluative tools. Should be used
summatively and formatively Recommendation for recurrent training outside of two-year course Evidence shows benefit particularly in regard to psychomotor skills. Insufficient evidence to recommend particular method of teaching or frequency Learner-focused and based on clear objectives Clinical Changes
Weiner, G. M., & Zaichkin, J. (2016). Textbook of neonatal resuscitation. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
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