ESL Supplemental Certification Training 154 Evangelina Guerra Hitchcock ISD Contents Domain I Domain II
Domain III Acronyms Overview of ESL (154 Supplemental) http://texes.ets.org/assets/pdf/testprep_manuals/154_esl_supp.pdf Domain I (25%) Language Concept Language Acquisition
Domain II (45%) ESL Instruction Assessment Domain III (30%) Foundations of ESL Education Cultural Awareness Family and Community Involvement DOMAIN I Language Social shared code or system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rule-governed combinations of those symbols.
Communication Production of signals with the intention of relaying information and the expectation that the signal will be interpreted as intended. Nonlinguistic Cues Includes gestures, body posture, facial expressions, eye contact, head and body movement, and physical distance. Linguistic Competence Knowledge of the operating principles needed to be a language user.
Enables language users to determine what makes sense and what is nonsense. Nature and Concepts of Language Systems Phonology Morphology Semantics Syntax Discourse Lexicon
Pragmatics BICS vs. CALP (Cummins) Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills Everyday language Communicative Universal across all native speakers Usually takes 2 to 3 years to master Cognitive-Academic Language Proficiency
Reading/writing connection Abstract thinking Academic instruction Usually takes from 5 to 7 years to master Second Language Is taught and learned in the following order: Listening Speaking Reading Writing
Errors Acquiring Second Language Contrastive Analysis Errors in L2 are a result of differences between first and second language. Error Analysis Errors occur because of a language development or little or no development of L1 or L2. DOMAIN II Factors that Affect ELL
Students Learning Age Differences Pacing Gender Methods Teacher Aptitude Cognitive Development Time Learning Styles Setting Grouping Practices Motivating Attitude Materials Understand the Process
of L1 and L2 Code-Switching is moving from L1 to L2 and back to L1. Period with no verbal sound / communication Learner is absorbing and taking in new learning This period could last from 4 to 8 months Oral Fluency Levels Pre-Production Stage Early Production Stage
Auditory ESL Teaching Methods Audio Lingual Approach Total Physical Response
Language Experience Approach Silent Way Cognitive Approach Natural Approach Literacy Instruction
Focuses on understanding and communicating meaning Takes place within a rich, challenging and content-centered curriculum Uses many kinds of activities Incorporates students experiencies in order to provide comprehensible input Development of CALP
The learner would demonstrate the ability to perform such complex tasks as: Sequence of events Distinguish facts from fantasy Complete worksheets and tests in the content areas Use charts, tables, graphs, maps Engage in class discussions Work in reference material Related to the Brain Workbooks Creative art Hemispheres
activities Drill and repetition Creative writing Following Directions Self-expressive
LEFT BRAIN RIGHT BRAIN Modifications in the Classroom Instruction Pacing
Methods Assessment TAKS Portfolios IDEA Self assessment
TELPAS Oral performance Writing assessment Woodcock Munoz Formal
Informal LEP Policies TEA Education Code Chapter 29.05129.064 http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/curriculum/biling/tec29.html TAC Chapter 89, Subchapter BB http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tacupdates/september2007/ch089bb.pdf DOMAIN III History of Bil/ESL Education
National Defense Education Act(1958) Provided federal money for the expansion of foreignlanguage teaching. Bilingual Education Act(1968) LES students will increase English-language skills, maintain and perhaps increase mother-tongue skills, and support the cultural heritage of the student. Equal Educational Opportunities Act(1974) Implement meaningful instruction for students of Limited English Proficiency.
History of Bil/ESL Education (Cont.) Amendments to the Bilingual Education Act(1978) Funds for research were included. Refugee Act(1980) Legislation provides funds for educational programs and other services for refugees. Court Decisions Lau v. Nichols, San Francisco (1974)
1800 Chinese students not being educated equally. Cintrn v. Brentwood Union Free School District, New York (1977) Bilingual teachers being fired. Ros v. Read, Patchogue-Medford, New York (1977) New York should provide quality program for ESL students. Castaeda v. Pickard, Raymondville, Texas (1981) Discrimination and inadequate bilingual instruction.
Types of ESL Programs Self-contained Pull-out classes Newcomer centers Dual language classrooms
Immersion programs Domains of an ESL Program Affective domain Linguistic domain Cognitive domain
Ethnocentrism ESL Teacher Roles Serving on the LPAC Serving on the ARD committee Serving on the SBDM committee
Serving as a resource for other teachers Parental Communication Parent/teacher conferences Mid-point progress checks End of an instructional reporting period Report cards
Technology Integration Technology that supports literacy Computer-assisted language learning Use of the Internet Student Expectations Expectations for all students should be to
perform at the highest level possible for each individual student. Language barrier should not be a factor in expecting the best the student has to offer. Family Environment The environment a child is raised in can have a huge impact on a students learning and the knowledge they come to the classroom with.
Motivation, real life skills, self-esteem, importance of education, respect of educators, and background information are all factors that affect the students learning potential. Acronyms, How many do you know? ELL A
Arial Calibri Default Design China Under Reform 1978-- Reforms Impact Implications Four Modernizations Special Economic Zones China in the World Economy Shenzhen Guangzhou Shanghai Greater Chinese Economy Greater Chinese Economy Ideology Four Cardinal Principles Why Did the Reforms Begin? Political...
Elderly Frequency of cancer increases with age Most cancer deaths occur between 55-75 Children 10% of all childhood deaths Leukemia/lymphoma, CNS tumors, sarcoma Neoplasia Outline Tumor nomenclature Tumor characteristics Epidemiology Cancer incidence Environmental variables Age Heredity Three Types of Hereditary...
Model Agreement/Contracts. ... Urban Indian Organizations, and other stakeholders, and with the general public. 6 Strategies. Objective 3.2: Secure and effectively manage the assets and resources. ... Score assigned in three realms: Primary Care. Dental Care. Mental Health.
Domestic Politics and Policy. What were Truman's domestic policies as outlined in his Fair Deal? How did Truman win the election of 1948? What was the Republican approach to government during the Eisenhower presidency?
Reminder of our Equations. Reminder of our Equations. 2-D Problem Solving Steps. Start with "suvat" in the vertical direction and pretend it's just a freefall problem. The air time is the same for horizontal motion. Solve for horizontal using v...
Personalising the Curriculum . To help in this process please ensure forms are correctly and timeously completed. Weightings are important. Pupils who have given weighting 1 to a subject will get priority over those who have weighted 2; similarly those...