Advanced Developmental Psychology

Advanced Developmental Psychology

Brain, body, and experience Daniel Messinger Parenting>brain? Maternal positive affect and infant EEG activity

Bernier, Calkins & Bell, 2016 Maternal positive affect and infant EEG activity Maternal positive affect and infant EEG activity True? Normative

variation in parenting quality may contribute to brain development. Implications if true? Parentingbrainbehavioral functioning 7

Longer Gestation among Full Terms Higher Cognitive/Motor functioning Espel EV, Glynn LM, Sandman CA, Davis EP (2014). PLoS ONE 9(11): e113758. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0113758 http://127.0.0.1:8081/plosone/article?id=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0113758 Intellectual Ability and Cortical Development (Shaw et al., 2006) Cortical

Thickness Index of neuronal density synaptic connections myelination Regional

differences in rates of thickening and thinning over development [I]ntelligence is related to dynamic properties of cortical maturation the superior intelligence group has a thinner superior prefrontal

cortex at the earliest age (purple regions). There is then a rapid increase in cortical thickness (red, green and yellow regions) in the superior intelligence group, peaking at age 13 and waning in late adolescence. (Shaw et al., 2006) FSIQ associated with CTh, FSIQ associated with FSIQ associated with CTh, CTh, but not FSIQ associated with CTh, CSA

PIQ associated with changes in CTh; trend for PIQ associated with changes in CTh; trend for PIQ associated with changes in CTh; trend for VIQ Burgaleta et al., 2014 FSIQ associated with CTh, CorticalThickness over time Increase IQ group: non-significant increase in CTh Decrease IQ group: steepest rates of

reduction in CTh Burgaleta et al., 2014 Stable IQ group: smaller decreases in CTh Age- and Sex-Specific Structural Connectivity in DTI Core properties of structural brain connectivity, such as the small-world and modular organization, remain stable during brain maturation by

focusing streamline loss to specific types of fiber tracts. Structural connectivity based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in 121 participants between 4 and 40 years of age. The number of fiber tracts, small-world topology, and modular organization remained largely stable despite a substantial overall decrease in the number of streamlines with age. This decrease mainly affected fiber tracts that had a large number of streamlines, were short, within modules and within hemispheres; such connections were affected significantly more often than would be expected given their number of occurrences in the network.

Streamline loss occurred earlier in females than in males. Decrease in short-range connectivity? Preferential Detachment During Human Brain Development: Age- and Sex-Specific Structural Connectivity in Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) Data. 2013. Sol Lim1,2, Cheol E. Han1,3, Peter J. Uhlhaas4,5,6 Marcus Kaiser1,2

http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/12/13/cercor.bht333.full.pdf+html Functional Connectivity and ASD Pattern of hypo-activity in adults Hyper-activity in children Found in children aged 7-12 Possible

hormonal role? Kelly Shaffer How low SES affects hormonal trajectories Low SES predictive of disparate risk in multiple domains including

Mental health Physical health Academic Achievement Psychosocial factors alone do not account for the disparities Alternate pathways?

How does poverty get under our skin? Background Health disparities are a pressing reality of our society Vigilance for

Threat Daily Home Chaos Shaffer | Chen et al., 2009 Methods 54

healthy children 50 included in analyses IV: SES Family savings Home ownership Mediators: Childrens perception of threat Cognitive Appraisal and Understanding of Social Events videos

Household chaos Parent report on Confusion, Hubbub, and Order Scale DV: Salivary cortisol total cortisol output Shaffer | Chen et al., 2009 SES and

Cortis ol Shaffer | Chen et al., 2009 SES and Cortisol Moderated by Threat Interpretation and Chaos Threat Interpretatio

n Shaffer | Chen et al., 2009 SES and Cortisol Moderated by Threat Interpretation Shaffer | Chen et al., 2009

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Understanding the Framework - ALEX

    Understanding the Framework - ALEX

    A Framework for K-12 Science Education . and its impact on classroom instruction. Identify how science and literacy are connected. Identify how the 3 Dimensions of the Framework are integrated in classroom instruction. Prepare to share research and practice with...
  • Federal Funding Changes Karen Hicks Director of Project

    Federal Funding Changes Karen Hicks Director of Project

    You either stop work and attempt to receive more federal funds or you pay 100% Local. ... The project end date is defined based upon the phase and what is considered to be a reasonable amount of time to complete...
  • Leon 16: La voisine den bas DIREto say

    Leon 16: La voisine den bas DIREto say

    QUE (qu') is often used after dire, lire, écrire to introduce a clause. In English, the equivalent of . that . is often left out. In French, you must use . que. Pierre ditque le film estgénial. J'ailuqu'il y a...
  • DIRECTIONS Grab the FOUR sheets of paper off

    DIRECTIONS Grab the FOUR sheets of paper off

    Presidents during the Gilded Age. Cleveland (D) The Politics of the Gilded Age was plagued by unforgettable Presidents who rarely took a stand on controversial issues. None of the president of the Gilded Age served two consecutive terms. President Garfield...
  • Presentation template

    Presentation template

    Methodology or description of the type of activities used in the section or module (opener, facilitated discussion, small group exercise, role-play, scenario analysis, etc.) Corresponding section of the toolkit . Instructions for the facilitator Effective training. To be effective, the...
  • GCSE PE 9 Mark Question Booklet How to

    GCSE PE 9 Mark Question Booklet How to

    GCSE PE. 9 Mark. Question. Booklet . How to answer an exam question . 1.Highlight the command word and write what it means next to it . 2. ... of the grip dynamometer test and the Harvard step test for...
  • Engagement and Satisfaction - Welcome | EQUELLA

    Engagement and Satisfaction - Welcome | EQUELLA

    active learner passive learner. The degree of student satisfaction is the margin between "level of participation" and "actual results"(Tough, 1982). "The favourability of a student's subjective evaluation of the various outcomes and experiences is associated with education. ...
  • Bringing Economic Experiments to the Classroom

    Bringing Economic Experiments to the Classroom

    Finance and Economic Experimental Laboratory at Exeter Todd Kaplan Dieter Balkenborg Tim Miller FDTL5 Grant for Bringing Experimental Economics into the Classroom