Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Industrial Enginnering Dep ...

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Industrial Enginnering Dep ...

ERP (21-550) Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory Department of Industrial Engineering Sharif University of Technology Session #17 Course Description Instructor Omid Fatahi Valilai, Ph.D. Industrial Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology Email: [email protected] , Tel: 6616-5706 Website: Sharif.edu/~fvalilai Class time Sunday-Tuesday Wednesday

16:30-18:30 09:00-12:00 Course evaluation Mid-term Final exam Quiz Exercise ERP Lab (30%)

(40%) (5%) (10%) (15%) Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 2 Course Description (Continued ) Mid-term session: Sunday : 8th Azar 1394, 16:30 ~ 18:00 Final Exam: Sunday: 27th Dey 1394, 09:00 ~ 10:30 Reference:

Shtub, A., Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)- The dynamics of operations management, 2002, Kluwer Academic Publishers Ptak, Carol A., ERP Tools, Techniques, and Applications for Integrating the Supply Chain, 2004, The CRC Press Fui, F., Nah, H., Enterprise Resource Planning, 2002, IRM Press Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 3 Course Description (Continued ) Mid-term session: Sunday : 8th Azar 1394, 16:30 ~ 18:00 Final Exam:

Sunday: 27th Dey 1394, 09:00 ~ 10:30 Reference: Daniel E. Oleary, Enterprise Resource Planning Systems Systems, Life Cycle, Electronic Commerce, and Risk, 2000, Cambridge University Press Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 4 Course Description (Continued..) Contents:

Enterprise Management Operations Management The Evolution of ERP Systems: A Historical Organizations and organizational structures Scheduling Purchasing and inventory management Marketing considerations ERP selection and implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17

6 Course Description (Continued..) Contents: Enterprise Management History of Enterprise Resource Planning The Theory of Constraints and ERP Sales and Operations Planning Buffer Resource Strategy Enterprise Resource Management Integrating the Supply Chain to Reap the Rewards

Strategic Sourcing and Procurement Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 7 Course Description (Continued..) Contents: Operations Management Operations Planning (Material and Capacity Requirements Planning) Product Life Cycle Management Manufacturing Execution System Distribution

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 8 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Effective product design and development is required to support the strategy of quick response to the market. This overall process has been rolled into Product Life Cycle Management (PLM). The concurrent and collaborative design process dramatically reduces the overall time to market. Concurrent engineering uses various computer tools to aid in the design process. The development and use of these computer tools has evolved quickly during the past few years. More importantly these tools are now enabling collaboration on designs across several links of the supply chain. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17

9 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management The use of an effective Product Data Management (PDM) system facilitates the design release, distributes the design data to multiple manufacturing sites, and manages changes to the design in a closed loop fashion. PDM provides the vault infrastructure that controls the design cycle and manages change. Having control of the electronic and physical documents is essential in a fast moving design process. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 10 Operations Management

Product Life Cycle Management Effective utilization of this design engine can save an organization 15 to 20% in product cost. The innovation engine is powered by a PLM system through the collection of what the organization has learned about what works best in designs and provides insight into best practices in design. Remember that more than 80% of the final cost of the product is committed during the design phase of the product. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 11 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management The PDM system not only tracks the configuration of the part and the bill of material (BOM),

but also tracks the revisions and history of the as designed and as-built conditions. By utilizing an integrated CAD and PDM system, the quality of the design is improved and the response time to the market is significantly improved. After all the virtual tests, a direct link to manufacturing (computer-aided manufacturing [CAM]) is also possible. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 12 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Until recently the missing link has been used to automatically update the ERP system planning data. This is now possible in a seamless connection due to the openness of the database tools and

the sophistication of middleware used to perform the linkages. This integration into the planning system is essential so that the right part with the right configuration can be ordered at the right time. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 13 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Expected Benefits of PDM The enterprise is faced with many challenges both internal and external. The benefits of PDM can be divided into four categories: Market share Customer satisfaction

Profit margins Returns to stakeholders Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 14 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Market Share The use of an integrated design system should increase market share since the enterprise can be expected to increase the introduction rate of new products and lower costs. PDM significantly reduces the time it takes to bring new products to market by reducing the amount of non-value-added time in the product release process. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology

ERP (21-550), Session #17 15 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Market Share This increased frequency of introduction can help gain a competitive advantage. If the competition is releasing products at a slower rate, there is significant potential to grab market share through product innovation. This faster introduction of new products at a lower cost can also allow the enterprise to introduce products that meet the needs of emerging market segments or smaller niches that could not otherwise be accessed in a profitable way. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17

16 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Customer Satisfaction PDM provides the enterprise with the ability to increasingly fit its product introductions to the market needs. Feedback from customers can more easily be incorporated and introduced to the market. Since the design, fabrication, and services systems are integrated under a fully implemented ERP system, the components that exhibit early or frequent failure can be identified and the design can be modified to improve overall service levels. The PDM system supports the low-cost introduction of additional features, as the market demands them because the design does not have to start from scratch. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17

17 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management Product Data Management Profit Margin The use of PDM and CAD can significantly decrease the cost of developing a product. The number of derivatives that are possible from the same base design increases. A derivative product would share production processes. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 18 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management

Product Data Management Profit Margin The basic design of the product is the same; only small changes were made and very different products are available for the market at a very low incremental cost. This strategy provided the company with good flexibility as the market demand changed. PDM facilitates the reuse of previous designs and knowledge because this information is easy to access and use. Where possible, previously proven material and parts are incorporated into new products that are coming to market. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 19 Operations Management Product Life Cycle Management

Product Data Management Return to the stockholders Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology ERP (21-550), Session #17 20

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