Age of Exploration - Saint Barnabas High School

Age of Exploration - Saint Barnabas High School

Age of Exploration Age of Exploration Prince Henry the Navigator Looking to find the Christian Kingdom of Prester John and a quicker way to Asia by sailing around Africa.

In 1415, he took the city of Cetua in North Africa. Wanted to pass Cape Bojdor which was south of the Canary Islands but people were superstitious. 1436, Gil Eannes makes his way south The sea is easy to sail in as waters at home. Age of

Exploration Cetua Age of Exploration Cetua Hispanidad.com Age of

Exploration Cape Bajador Age of Exploration Bartolomeau Dias Dias left Lisbon in August 1487. He had with him six Africans from Angola and Guinea. Two of them were men and four were women. The plan was to drop them along the coast of Africa with gold, silver and

spices in order to inquire where such items were to be found. They were also told to praise the King of Portugal to their local chiefs and kings and that the King of Portugal wanted to establish relations with Prester John and discover a sea route to India. On February 3, 1488, Dias unknowingly rounded the southern coast of Africa. In May 1488, he finally made his way around what he called it the Cape of Storms. King John II of Portugal renamed it Cape of Good Hope to encourage others to travel in that direction. Age of

Exploration Giovanni Cabot He was born in Genoa in around 1455. He eventually moved to Venice and had three children. He worked in Venice as a merchant factor, someone who transacts business for someone else. In 1490, he moved to Spain to seek support fro a voyage to Asia. He failed to get support from Spain as well as Portugal. Cabot moved to Bristol, England which had a large Italian community. In 1496, Henry VII issued Cabot and his son Sebastian a patent to sail in

search of a westward sea route . Age of Exploration Vasco da Gama Sets out for Africa on July 8, 1497 with 170 men and interrupters who spoke Bantu and Arabic. By July 15th they reached the Canary Is and on July 26th they reached the Cape Verde Is where they are rested. By November 16th, they reached the Cape of Good Hope. By December 8th three ships

sailed past Great Fish River further than Dias had gone in 1488. By March 5th they were entering the port of Mozambique, Arab territory. Da Gama and his crew were pretending to be Muslim and the Sultan gave them pilots to help cross the Indian Ocean. Da Gama was found out by two Christian slaves in India. They noticed the religious symbols on their ships the Sao Gabriel and Sao Rafael. They were ordered to leave on March 10th. The two of the Muslim pilots that were on his ship, one fled and the other was held captive for giving bad directions.

Age of Exploration On April 14th he made his way to Malindi. They found an Arab sheik was the rival of the sheik in Mombassa. He promised them a pilot to lead them across the Indian Ocean. While in Malindi there were four Indian ships in the harbor . The Indians who were Hindu thought the Portuguese shared the same religion, while the Portuguese thought the Indians were Christian. DaGama after staying in Malindi for a week, took hostages and demanded

a pilot be provided to him. Ahmas ibn Majid guided Da Gamas fleet to India starting on April 24th. They landed in India on May 21st. While in Calicut, DaGama traded inferior goods and the leader of Calicut had heard of DaGamas exploits and were viewed as no more than pirates. Age of Exploration Vasco Da Gama http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jL2z2VCg5fw

Age of Exploration Age of Exploration Line of DemarcationTreaty of Tordesillas 1492Colombus claims to have found a way to India. What was Portugals reaction?

Why should Portugal compete with Spain for profits? Therefore, Portugal appeals to Pope Alexander VI Why? The Pope usually settled international disputes. Age of Exploration The Result 100 Leagues Versus 270 Leagues

OR 1,822,800 feet 345.227 miles Versus 4,921,560 feet 932.113 miles Age of Exploration Pope Alexander VI drew a line from the north to the south pole

| | | | All the lands west belong to Spain | | |

| | All the lands east belong to Portugal Age of Exploration Age of

Exploration The initial Line of Demarcation was 100 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands. Since Pope Alexander VI was Spanish, the Portuguese protested and wanted the line to start 270 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands. Age of Exploration 100 Leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands or 345 miles

270 Leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands or 932 miles Age of Exploration The Encomienda System Facts Based on manorialsim Started in May 1493 and ends in the 18th century

Age of Exploration What is an encomienda? A grant of land within a geographic area with Native Americas residing on it. Age of Exploration

Who owned an encomienda? An encomendero was a Spaniard (explorers and conquerors) who received the grant of Native Americans Age of Exploration Why were encomiendas used? To look after the welfare of the natives and to

teach them about God. Is this a good thing or a bad thing? Age of Exploration How did they work? Native Americans had to pay tribute in return of protection and religious instruction. Age of

Exploration What were the forms of tribute? Maize, salt, honey, game, cotton clothes, beans, peppers and human services. Human Services implied military services to protect the colonies and human labor in plantations and mines. Age of Exploration

When does the encomienda system change? 1502Bartolome de Las Casas goes to Cuba, receives an encomienda for his military service. 1513Ordained a priest 1514Renounces all claims on Indian 1534goes to king to ask serfs

for assistance with Indians, to insure there would be enough to baptize Age of Exploration New Laws 1542 I allows the Indians to own property II the church had no control over Indians

only Christians III Slavery among Indians forbidden Age of Exploration Slave Trade http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/students/his3487/le mbrich/seminar5.html Age of

Exploration Beginnings of the Slave Trade Africa Prior to Slavery A feudal society with vassals and subjects and servants. Servants themselves were not chattel*. They could marry, own property and have a family. *Chattel an item of property other than real estate Africa After Europeans Many of the first Africans were viewed as Curiosity Pieces which

confirmed that a new land had been reached. Early African victims were honored in Portugal. Age of Exploration Beginnings of the Slave Trade Where did slavery develop? Spanish Canary Islands

Portuguese Cape Verde Islands and Sao Tome This was the beginning of the tropical plantation system. Black visibility began to be equated with bonded servitude. It was a gradual process. Age of Exploration Beginnings of the Slave Trade How were Africans enslaved?

Merchants, kings and other Africans provided supplies of slaves, why? The attraction of wealth and power. Kidnapping, why or why not? Age of Exploration Beginnings of the Slave Trade Why was slavery tolerated?

Pope Nicholas VPapal Bull 1452 Portugals expansion into Africa was justified by enslaving the Moors, heathens and other enemies of Christ Religious Impulse Spanish Inquisition Indian Ocean Slave Trade Arabs were the main slave dealers. Slaves were used as soldiers, domestic servants and dock workers. Age of

Exploration Slavery In the Americas Why Africans? Native Americansto few in numbers, prone to dying of European diseases and could escape into the forests. Europeansindentured laborers, poor whites would work for a number of years to pay for their passage. However, not many were willing to come over to North America. Age of

Exploration Slavery In the Americas Departure from Africa El Minaset-up by the Portuguese in 1481, early slaves were Prisoners of war and debtors Age of Exploration Slavery In the Americas Triangular Trade

Boston/New York Rum, iron goods, guns and tobacco Slaves traded for molasses Caribbean

Mi , ld o s r g ave o f d d sl

e n ad Tr ry a ivo l dd e

Africa * e ag s s Pa

* Olaudoh Equiano 1789 NigerianMuse RecoveredHistories.org

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