An Introduction to Medical Entomology

An Introduction to Medical Entomology

Introduction to Medical Entomology Hanover College, Health Sciences Summer Academy June 12, 2018 Agenda

Introductions Learn about entomology

Explore medical entomology Learn how biologists trap and identify disease vectors

What is Entomology? Relative species diversity How many species of vertebrates are

there on Earth? How many species of mammal are there on Earth?

How many species of insects are there on Earth? Beetles: >350,000 species Moths, butterflies: 180,000

species Flies: >150,000 species Wasps, bees, ants: >130,000 In the Brazilian

Amazon rain forest, the dry weight of all the ants is approximately four times that of all the land vertebrates (mammals, birds, reptiles, and

Are any insects beneficial or useful to humans? Apis mellifera, the honeybee

Bombyx mori, the silkworm Kerria lacca, the Shellac Bug Coccus cacti

Lucilia sericata, the green bottle fly The Egyptia

n scarab How many insects are harmful to humans? Medical Entomology Todays medically important

arthropods Ticks Mites

Fleas Lice

True Bugs Flies

Arthropods: Arachnids vs. insects Todays medically important arthropods Tick

Common Indiana ticks American dog tick Lonestar tick Deer tick

La Chupacabra! Mites: Scabies mites Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis

Mites: Chiggers Trombicula alfreddugesi Demodex mites Fleas

Pulex irritans The Plague or Black Death 75-200 million deaths Human body louse

Pediculus humanus humanus Got crabs? Pthirus pubis Louse evolution True bugs

Triatoma, Kissing bug Cimex lectularius, Bed bug Flies

Mouthparts Labellum closeup Pseudotracheae A different modification

Mosquitoes 3200 species Worldwide 174 species in North America

59 in Indiana o 12-15 are medically significant Culex pipiens Mosquitoes suck! Mosquitoes are vectors

of disease Malaria Plasmodium Dengue Virus

Yellow fever Virus Chikungunya Virus

West Nile Virus Virus Zika Virus Virus

Myiasis Bot fly Elephantiasis Filariasis worm

Diseases documented in Indiana Chikungunya (Aedes)

Dengue fever (Aedes aegypti, major; Ae. albopictus, minor) West Nile Virus

(Culex pipiens) Zika Virus (Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus)

What courses should you take? Introductory Biology

Genetics Cell Biology

Immunology Ecology

Molecular Biology Entomology

Chemistry Environmental Science

Evolutionary Biology o Introductory Chemistry o Organic Chemistry o Biochemistry

Related careers Epidemiologist

Medical Entomologist o United States Army o United States Air Force o United States Navy Entomologist (Private Sector)

Entomologist (Academia) Lab Technician/Research Scientist

Molecular Biologist Pest Management and Control

Questions?

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