Animal Welfare During Animal Health Emergencies Animal Welfare Ethical responsibility Ensuring animal well being Physical and mental Consideration of animals Health Behavior Biological function Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview
The Five Freedoms Define ideal states of welfare Framework for analysis of welfare Freedom Freedom Freedom Freedom Freedom Just In Time Training from hunger and thirst from discomfort from pain, injury and disease
to express normal behavior from fear and distress Animal Welfare: Overview Welfare During Emergencies Animals Behavior, health, comfort, euthanasia Environment Transport, fencing, restraint, food/water Human Interaction Experience, proper training, mental health
Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview ANIMAL CONSIDERATIONS Behavior Health Comfort and Maintenance Euthanasia Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview
Animal Considerations: Behavior Can deviate from normal behavior Heightened awareness and panic New surroundings Increased handling/transport Species specific Unpredictable actions May injure self or others Be watchful and prepared Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Animal Considerations:
Health Monitor at all times Illness Injury Parturition Nutritionally May have delay in showing signs Stress analgesia Treat appropriately Medically, surgically, or euthanasia Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview
Animal Considerations: Comfort and Maintenance Density Avoid overcrowding Stalls Bedding, manure Temperature Excessive heat, cold Maintenance needs Milking lactating animals Exercise for horses
Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Animals: Euthanasia Can be necessary Stop disease spread Minimize suffering Proper method and technique AVMA euthanasia guidelines
Ensure the kill Third person observer Evacuate vs. euthanize Potential for future suffering Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Transport Facilities Separation of Groups Just In Time Training
Animal Welfare: Overview Environment: Transport Identification Consistent with Incident Action Plan Grouping Familiar animals, no mixing Proper handling Prevent panic with quiet handling Safe equipment
Ramps, trucks, crates Increased panic = unpredictability Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Environment: Facilities Food, water Fencing Keep animals in Keeps wildlife out Stalls
Adequate space Separation Environmental concerns Temperature Ventilation Foreign objects Metal and other hazardous material Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Environment Separation of Groups
Consideration when sheltering Species dependent Cattle vs. Horses Sex dependent Intact males Life Stage dependent Neonates, pregnant animals Health and at-risk status Sick vs. healthy vs. exposed Just In Time Training
Animal Welfare: Overview HUMAN INTERACTION Handling Mental Health Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Human Interaction: Handling Proper handling minimizes stress Responders with experience Need to know species
Recognize unique situations Do not hesitate to consult expert Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Human Interaction: Mental Health and Animals Response stress can affect mental health of responders May affect animals welfare Responder apathy Responder fatigue
Uncompleted tasks Increased carelessness of tasks Forgetting overall welfare needs Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Summary Animal welfare during emergencies Five Freedoms Animal considerations Environment Human Interactions Just In Time Training
Animal Welfare: Overview Resources American Veterinary Medical Association The veterinarians role in animal welfare www.avma.org/products/animal_welfare/welfare.pdf AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia www.avma.org/issues/animal_welfare/euthanasia.pdf USDA Animal Welfare Information Center http://awic.nal.usda.gov OIE Animal Welfare Guidelines Terrestrial Animal Health Code
www.oie.int American College of Animal Welfare www.acaw.org Just In Time Training Animal Welfare: Overview Acknowledgments Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from the Multi-State Partnership for Security in Agriculture Authors: Dan Taylor, DVM, MPH, Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
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