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ENERGY: A BRAZILIAN TOOL TO DEVELOP A LOW CARBON ECONOMY 1 INDEX BRAZIL ENERGY MIX GHG EMISSIONS RENEWABILITY

BRAZIL ENERGY MIX POWER GENERATION Did You Know 82% Of Brazils Eletrical Power Generation Comes From Water? 4 Itaipu

ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION Source: Brazilian Energy Balance 2009 - EPE/MME, Key World Energy Statistics 2009 - Sugarcane Ethanol Facility ETHANOL 6 CARS AND LIGHT COMMERCIAL VEHICLES FUEL CONSUMPTION

Source: ANP 2009, FIESP 2009 ETHANOL AND CLIMATE CHANGE European Directive 2009/28/CE: promotes the use of energy from renewable sources. o Establishes a 10% target until 2020 for the transport sector. o Establishes that ethanol from sugarcane reduces 71% of greenhouse gases emissions when compared to gasoline. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA 2010/February 2010 o The American Agency has designated sugarcane ethanol an

advanced biofuel status, as it lowers GHG emissions up to 61%. By Adding 10% of ethanol to the gasoline Reduces up to 7% of GHG emissions GHG EMISSIONS World GHG Brazil GHG emissions by sectoremissions in 2005

by sector in 2005 Waste Land use change and forestry 12% Source: World Resource Institute Energy Land

use change and forestry Agriculture Source: MCT, 2010 GHG EMISSIONS Energy sector participation in total emission in 2005

energy production and use (%) 67 79 15 89 Per capita emissions in energy sector (2005) tCO2eq Source: IEA and EPE

TOP 10 EMITTING COUNTRIES FROM FUEL COMBUSTION IN 2008 Top 10 total: 19.1 Gt CO2 World total : 29.4 Gt CO2 The top 10 emmiting countries account for about twothirds of the world CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in 2008. Source: IEA

RENEWABILITY PRIMARY ENERGY DEMAND BY FUEL TYPE BRAZIL 238 MMTEPs WORLD 12,013 MMTEPs 2007 Biomass - 10%

Renewable Non Renewable Other 1% Biomass - 12% Non Renewable

Renewable Other 3% Biofuel 0% Hydro - 15% Hydro - 2% 2030

WORLD 16,789 MMTEPs Biomass 9% Renewable Non Renewable Other 2% Sugar Cane Products 16%

BRAZIL 558 MMTEPs Sugar Cane Products 18% Non Renewable Renewable Biomass - 6% Other - 9%

Biofuel 1% Hydro 2% Hydro 13% Source: EPE and IEA HISTORICAL EVOLUTION IN AMERICAS AND CARIBBEAN Kbep

RENEWABILITY RENEWABLE NO RENEWABLE Source: Olade, 2010 RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL IN LATIN AMERICA 224.898 MMBEP

USED: Hydroelectricity: 22% Other: 4,2% Source: Olade FINAL REMARKS o Brazils success with ethanol offers an opportunity to reduce global emissions by increasing ethanol exports; o More emphasis on Regional Energy Integration

Policy; o Increase the share of renewable sources. CAROLINA LEMBO INTERNATIONAL ENERGY MARKET COORDINATOR +55 11 3549 4636 1313 Paulista Avenue, 6th Floor 01311-923 So Paulo, Brazil

www.fiesp.com.br [email protected] 19

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