ศิลปะและวัฒนธรรมอีสาน Art and Culture of Isan

ศิลปะและวัฒนธรรมอีสาน Art and Culture of Isan

Seminar in Visual Arts Constantin Brancusi

1 2559

(Unit)

(Individuality) (Originality) Sleeping Muse, 1909, marble

Constantin Brncui Romanian Sculptor

Born -February 19, 1876 Died -March 16, 1957

Early years Brncui grew up in the village of Hobia, Gorj, near Trgu Jiu, close to Romania's Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk crafts, particularly

woodcarving. Geometric patterns of the region are seen in his later works. Constantin Brncui

His parents Nicolae and Maria Brncui were poor peasants who earned a meager living through backbreaking labor; from the age of seven, Constantin herded the family's flock of sheep. He showed talent for

carving objects out of wood, and often ran away from home to escape the bullying of his father and older brothers.

Constantin Brncui At the age of nine, He left the village to work in the nearest large town. At 11 he went into the service of a grocer in Slatina;

and then he became a domestic in a public house in Craiova where he remained for several years. When he was 18, He created a violin by hand with materials he found around his workplace. Impressed by Brncui's

talent for carving, an industrialist entered him in the Craiova School of Arts and Crafts, where he pursued his love for woodworking, graduating with honors in 1898

Constantin Brncui He then enrolled in the Bucharest School of Fine Arts, where he received academic training in sculpture. He worked hard, and quickly distinguished himself as

talented. One of his earliest surviving works, under the guidance of his anatomy teacher, Dimitrie Gerota, is a masterfully renderedcorch (statue of a man with skin

removed to reveal the muscles underneath) which was exhibited at the Romanian Athenaeum in 1903. Though just an anatomical study, it foreshadowed the sculptor's later efforts to reveal essence rather than

merely copy outward appearance. Constantin Brncui Work in Paris

In 1903, Brncui traveled to Munich, and from there to Paris. In Paris, he was welcomed by the community of artists and intellectuals brimming with new ideas.

He worked for two years in the workshop of Antonin Merci of the cole des Beaux-Arts, and was invited to enter the workshop of Auguste Rodin. Even though he admired the eminent Rodin he left

the Rodin studio after only two months, saying, "Nothing can grow under big trees." Studio, Museum

Studio, Museum Studio, Museum

Studio, Museum Wisdom of the Earth, waxed

limestone, 51 x 17.8 x 25.3 cm National Museum of Art of Romania

The Prayer, 1907, patinated bronze, 111.5 x 35 x 120 cm National Museum of Art of

Romania The Kiss, 1907-8, Limestone, 28 x 26 x 21.5cm, Muzeul de Arta, Craiova, Romania

The Kiss, 1912, Stone, 58.4 x 34 x 25.4cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art Terminal border, 1945,

Limestone, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

The Kiss Column, 1935 Sleeping Muse, 1909, marble

Muse, Miss Pogany I, 1912,

Plaster, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

Muse, Marble Cleveland Museum of Art Muse, 1912.

White marble, 45 x 23 x 17 cm. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Muse, 1912. White marble, 45 x 23 x 17 cm.

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Mademoiselle Pogany II

Danaid, 1913, Bronze, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges

Pompidou Center, Paris A Muse

A Muse, 1917 Sleeping Muse (Muse endormie), 1909-1910 white marble, 11 1/2 long.

Sleeping Muse (Muse endormie), 1909-1911 white marble, 11 1/2 long.

Sleeping Muse I, 1909-10, Hirshhorn Museum Sleeping Muse, 1910

Sleeping Muse, 1910, Bronze, 16.1 x 27.7 x 19.3 cm, The Art Institute of Chicago Sculpture for the Blind, 1925, Onyx,

National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris Sculpture for the Blind

The Beginning of the world, 1924, Bronze, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris Prometheus, 1911, marble, 5x7 inch,

Philadelphia Museum of Art: The Louis and Walter Arensberg Collection Constantin Brancusi

Head of a Child, 1913, Wood, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris The Newborn, 1915, Marble, 8 1/2 x 6",

Philadelphia Museum of Art: The Louis and Walter Arensberg Collection The Newborn II, 1927, Stainless steel, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

Madame L.R., 1914-18, Wood, 94 cm, Private collection

Madame L.R., 1914-18, Wood, 94 cm, Private collection Pedestal composed of two base elements, 1940, Wood, National

Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris King of Kings, ca. 1938.

Oak, 300 x 48.3 x 46cm, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Stool-base, 1930, Wood, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

The First Cry, 1917, Cement, h 17, w 25.8, d 18, Private collection, Switzerland

Portrait of Nancy Cunard (also called Sophisticated Young Lady), 1925-27, walnut

on marble base Torso of a Young Man 1917-22

Torso of a Young Man, 1917, Polished bronze, h 46.3, w 31, d 17.1, Cleveland Museum of Art

Torso of a young man, 1923, National Museum of Modern Art Georges Pompidou Center,

Paris Torso of a young man

Endless Column, version I, 1918. Oak, 203.2 x 25.1 x 24.5 cm. Gift of Mary Sisler. 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Endless Column, 1934, in Targu-Jiu, Romania Endless Column, version I,

1918. Oak, 203.2 x 25.1 x 24.5 cm. Endless Column, 1934, in Targu-Jiu, Romania

Head of a Child, 1923, Plaster, National Museum of Modern Art Georges Pompidou

Center, Paris Head of a Child Wood,

Cock, 1935, Bronze, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou

Center, Paris Fish, 1930

Brancusi Fish Two Penguins Marble

Princess X, 1915, Bronze, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

Princess X, 1916, Princess X, 1916

Torso of a young girl, 1925, Onyx, National Museum of Modern Art Georges Pompidou Center,

Paris Leda

Leda, 1926, Bronze, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris The Birdie II, 1928,

Marble, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

Die blonde Negerin,1926, Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum (in German) The Blond Negress, 1926,

bronze with marble and limestone base, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Blond Negress II, 1933, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

The Sorceress, 191624. Walnut on limestone base, 113.7 x 49.5 x 64.8cm,

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum The Sorceress

Golden Bird, 1919 Bronze,

Golden Bird, 1919-20, Bronze, stone, and wood, 217.8cm (base c. 1922)

Bird in space, 1923, Marble, Metropolitan Museum of Art,

New York City Bird in space, 1928, Bronze, 137.2 cm.

Museum of Modern Art, New York City Model of the pillar of the

Gate of the Kiss, 1935, National Museum of Modern Art - Georges Pompidou Center, Paris

The Gate of the Kiss, 1937-1938, Tirgu-Jiu, Romania The Gate of the Kiss, 1937-1938, Tirgu-Jiu, Romania

The Gate of the Kiss, 1937-1938, Tirgu-Jiu, Romania Bye ! Bye !

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