Art Appreciation Test #3 Review Chapters 20-21 Rebekah Scoggins April 2, 2013 Wassily Kandinsky. Composition IV. 1911. German Expressionism: The Blue Rider
Giacomo Balla. Abstract Speed - The Car Has Passed. 1913. Georges Seurat. A Sunday on la Grande Jatte. 18841886. Post-Impressionism. Gustave Courbet. The Stone Breakers. 1849 (destroyed in 1945). Realism.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. At The Moulin Rouge. 1892-95. Impressionism. Umberto Boccioni. Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. 1913. Futurism. Eugne Delacroix. Liberty Leading the People. 1830. Romanticism.
Vincent van Gogh. The Starry Night. 1889. Post-Impressionism. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. La Grande Odalisque. 1814. Neoclassicism. Thomas Cole. The Oxbow. 1836. Romanticism.
Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. Jacques-Louis David. Death of Marat. 1793. Neoclassicism. Constantin Brancusi. Birds in Space. 1928. Abstract Art.
Pablo Picasso. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Girls of Avignon). 1907. Cubism. Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise. 1872. Impressionism.
Paul Gauguin. The Vision After the Sermon. 1888. Post-Impressionism. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Street, Berlin. 1913. German Expressionism: The Bridge.
Georges Braque. The Portuguese. 1911. Analytical Cubism. Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2. 1912. Modernism.
douard Manet. Luncheon on the Grass (Le Djeuner Sur l'Herbe). 1863. Realism. Henri Matisse, Harmony in Red (The Red Room), 1908-1909. Fauvism. Industrial Revolution French Revolution Neoclassicism
Neoclassicism Jacques-Louis David. Death of Marat. 1793. Neoclassicism. Characteristics of Neoclassicism
The emulation of classical Greek and Roman art Much of the subject matter in Neoclassical art was Roman or Roman inspired. Focuses on reason as most important aspect, Enlightenment values Ordered; Calm
Francisco Goya. The Third of May, 1808. 1814. Romanticism. Characteristics of Romanticism Believed the path to individual freedom was through imagination, not reason.
Had a desire for freedom, not only political, but also of thought, feeling, action, worship, speech, and taste. Believe that imagination and emotion are more valuable than reason Celebrated nature, rural life, common people, and exotic subjects in art
Sought to escape fixation on classical form. Had painterly brushstrokes; you can see them in the composition, unlike in the Neoclassical era, which had invisible brushstrokes. Realism
Gustave Courbet. The Stone Breakers. 1849 (destroyed in 1945). Realism. Realism A style of art that depicts ordinary existence without idealism, exoticism, or nostalgia
Dissatisfied with the Neoclassicists & Romantics Believed that art should deal with human experience and observation. Saw dignity of ordinary things and common life. Often highlighted the underrepresented, the lower classes; or scenes people were sometimes uncomfortable viewing.
Impressionism Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise. 1872. Impressionism. Impressionism
Opposed academic doctrines and Romantic ideals and instead turned to portrayals of contemporary society. Focused on two main themes: nature and contemporary city life. Considered the art of industrialized, urban Paris. Were interested in singular moments, impressions of those
small amounts of time. Affirmed modern life Saw the beauty of the world as a gift and the forces of nature as aids to human progress. Post Impressionism
Pointillism Japonaiserie Post Impressionism Vincent van Gogh. The Starry Night. 1889. Post-Impressionism.
Post-Impressionism Felt the Impressionists were neglecting too many of their traditional elements of picture making in their attempts to capture momentary sensations of light and color Did not share a singular style
Much more interested in examining the properties and expressive qualities of line, pattern, form, and color. Some felt that Impressionisms focus on sketchy immediacy had sacrificed solidity of form and composition. Others felt that Impressionisms emphasis on the objective observation did not leave enough room for personal
expression or spiritual content. Pointillism Georges Seurat. A Sunday on la Grande Jatte. 18841886. Post-Impressionism.
Japonaiserie Vincent van Gogh. Japonaiserie: Flowering Plum Tree. 1887 After Hiroshige. Post-Impressionism. Avant-garde
Fauvism Henri Matisse, Harmony in Red (The Red Room), 1908-1909. Fauvism. Fauvism Characterized by areas of bright, contrasting
color and simplified shape and composition Stunned critic called them Les fauves, which is French for The Wild Beasts Went even further with color than van Gogh and Gauguin had before, using it both for expressive and structural ends
German Expressionism The Bridge The Blue Rider Inner Necessity
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Street, Berlin. 1913. German Expressionism: The Bridge. The Bridge appealed to artists to revolt against academic painting
and establish a bridge between the Germanic past and modern experience. Wassily Kandinsky. Blue Mountain. 19081909. German Expressionism: The Blue Rider
The Blue Rider wanted to develop an art that would turn people away from false values toward spiritual rejuvenation. Kandinsky hoped to create
art only in response to what he called inner necessity or the emotional stirrings of the soul, rather than in response to what he saw in the world.
German Expressionism Shared the expressive goals of the Fauves. Desire to display emotions very pronounced Developed imagery characterized by vivid, often angular simplification of their subjects, dramatic colors contrasts, with bold, at times
crude finish. Used the power of Expressionism to address the human condition, often exploring such themes as natural life, sorrow, passion, spirituality, and mysticism.
Cubism Analytical Cubism Synthetic Cubism Papier Coll/Collage Georges Braque. The Portuguese.
1911. Analytical Cubism. Analytical Cubism involved talking apart, or breaking down, the subject into its various aspects.
Pablo Picasso. Violin, Fruit, and Wineglass. 1913. Synthetic Cubism. Synthetic Cubism was a process of building up or combining bits and
pieces of material. Papier Coll/Collage Prairie Houses/Open Plan
Frank Lloyd Wright. Robie House. Interior. Chicago, Illinois. 1909. American Modernism. Futurism Manifesto Umberto Boccioni. Unique
Forms of Continuity in Space. 1913. Futurism. Academic art Salon Armory Show
Factors that led to Neoclassicism o Industrial Revolution, began 1760 o American Revolution of 1776 o French Revolution of 1789 o Enlightenment also known as the Age of Reason, was the name that characterized the later 18th century,
characterized by: o The idea that people should be ruled by reason o Shift to more rational and scientific approach to religious, political, social, and economic issues o Belief in the importance of liberty & self determination
Artistic Influences on:
Neoclassicism Impressionism Post Impressionism Fauvism German Expressionism: The Bridge German Expressionism: The Blue Rider
Cubism Abstract Sculpture American Modernism Futurism How Was Color Manipulated:
Post Impressionism Fauvism German Expressionism: The Bridge German Expressionism: The Blue Rider Cubism
Futurists Artistic Innovations & Shift in Subject Matter of:
Neoclassicism Romanticism Realism
Impressionism Post Impressionism Fauvism German Expressionism: The Bridge German Expressionism: The Blue Rider Cubism
Abstract Sculpture American Modernism Futurism Who was responsible for the complete break with subject matter?
Wassily Kandinsky. Composition IV. 1911. German Expressionism: The Blue Rider Comparison?
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