Attribution - OCR A Level PE

Attribution https://prezi.com/hqe8ejuq7mpm/weiners-model-of-attribution-a2sports-psychology/ Attribution Attributions are the perceived causes of a particular outcome. In sport these are often the reasons we give for the results we achieve eg. Bad weather conditions, high effort levels. Attributions are important because of the way in which they affect your motivation, and in turn affects future performances, future effort or even whether you continue with sport or not. A young person who is told that they failed because they do not have the ability to success is unlikely

to try again. If the same individual is given reasons to work on, the may continue and put in the effort. Linked to motivation: If a coach tells you that you lost because you were hopeless, this may lower your motivation it may however fire you up and motivate you to respond, work harder to achieve more. Weiner's model of attribution Weiner's attribution theory of motivation describes the way in which we strive to maintain our positive self-image. Weiner's attribution theory looks at the reasons

given by coaches and players to account for success or failure. Weiners study shows that there are strong links between attribution and achievement motivation. Weiner's model of attribution Weiner's attribution theory of motivation describes the way in which we strive to maintain our positive self-image. Weiner's attribution theory looks at the reasons

given by coaches and players to account for success or failure. Weiners study shows that there are strong links between attribution and achievement motivation. Weiner 1979 identified four main reasons for examination results: Ability, effort, task difficulty & luck. Weiner's model of attribution

Weiner's attribution theory of motivation describes the way in which we strive to maintain our positive self-image. Weiner's attribution theory looks at the reasons given by coaches and players to account for success or failure. Weiners study shows that there are strong links between attribution and achievement motivation. There are two dimensions in the structure:

1 Locus of causality refers to whether the attributions come from within the person (internal) or from the environment (external) and effects a person's feelings or pride, confidence or shame. 2 Stability refers to whether the attribution is changeable Weiner's model of attribution 1 Locus of causality

2 - Stability This dimension indicates whether the attribution relates to factors that are either or external to the performer. Effort and ability represent internal factors while task difficulty and luck are external and are known as environmental factors. Indicates whether attributions are stable or

unstable. Stability refers to the permeance associated with an attribution factor. A stable factor is considered permanent and unchangeable (ability). An unstable factor is temporary and can be changed (luck). Weiner's model of attribution

Weiner's model of attribution Weiner's model of attribution Notes on Weiners model Controllability Weiner added a third dimension to his attribution model the dimension of controllability, which he thought reflected the view that we have greater or lesser personal control over event outcomes.

This takes into consideration, whether a cause for a sports outcome is controllable or uncontrollable. Coaches or teachers tend to praise effort and controllable success, and punish lack of effort and controllable failure. Concentrating on uncontrollable external and stable factors is not of much use if you want to turn failure into success. How does each attribute cause links to controllability?

How does each attribute cause links to controllability? Ability internal, stable, uncontrollable Luck external, unstable, uncontrollable Effort internal, unstable, controllable Difficulty external, stable, controllable/uncontrollable Learned helplessness Refers to a belief that failure is inevitable and a feeling of hopelessness when faced with a particular situations (specific learned helplessness) or group of

situations (global learned helplessness) SLH - 'I am a hopeless football player.' GLH 'I am hopeless at all sport.' Low achievers often attribute their failure to uncontrollable factors, which can lead to learned helplessness. High achievers are athletes who are oriented towards mastery and see failure as learning experience, and who will attribute failure to controllable unstable factors. The 'need to achieve' (Nach) performers are not afraid of failing and will persist with a task until they succeed. Mastery orientation

Mastery orientation is the view that an individual will be motivated by becoming an expert/mater in skill development or sports performance. An athlete who is mastery orientated will often attribute failure to internal, controllable and unstable factors, such as effort, and will continue to strive to become better at the activity. They seek to develop their competence by acquiring new skills and mastering new situations. They are not concerned about their performance relative to others, but rather with furthering their understanding of their sport, fitness and sport performance. Mastery orientation is at the opposite end of the scale to learned helplessness,

which is the belief that failure is inevitable and that the individual has no control over the factors that cause failure. Attribution retraining Attribution retraining can optimise sports performance seeking often change learned helplessness into mastery orientation. Many attributions that are given are subjective and are therefore not desirable for future progression. E.g.. A hockey player used to play for a team that constantly blamed the officials for their poor results. Although this helped to draw the team together, the team had a bad reputation with most officials and they were not

attributing their poor results to changeable or realistic factors. Attributions often need to be assessed in order to success in the future. A person who fails in task should be encouraged to attribute to controllable, unstable factors. E.g.. A team of 17 year old girls who have just narrowly lost a hockey match should be encouraged to give attributions such as 'must try harder next week' (these are internal, unstable and controllable). Using attribution in this way is more likely to result in mastery orientation.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Presentación de PowerPoint

    Presentación de PowerPoint

    Introducción . La Iglesia enfrenta nuevos desafíos, nuevos retos, que hace que la Escuela Sabática contextualice su accionar al momento en que vivimos, por esta razón Elena de White, nos desafía y nos dice: "La obra de la Escuela Sabática...
  • Compression of Wood - Santa Rosa Junior College

    Compression of Wood - Santa Rosa Junior College

    Dimensionally stable and well known for a superior strength-to-weight ratio. Performs extremely well against strong forces including winds, storms, and earthquakes. Universally recognized for tough fiber, dense grain structure, strength and beauty.
  • SIFT: A Poem Strategy

    SIFT: A Poem Strategy

    What is the author's attitude toward the subject? Hold fast to dreams. For if dreams die. Life is a broken-winged bird. That cannot fly. Hold fast to dreams. For when dreams go. Life is a barren field. Frozen with snow....
  • The Crucible Arthur Miller - PC\|MAC

    The Crucible Arthur Miller - PC\|MAC

    back Menu Salem Under Development Menu The Crucible Arthur Miller Themes The individual v. authority Fear Integrity Mass hysteria The corruption of justice Click on the theme you wish to explore Main Menu Theme A theme is an idea developed...
  • Theme - North Thurston Public Schools

    Theme - North Thurston Public Schools

    1. A theme is a life lesson. 2. A theme is a plot retell. 3. A theme names characters and setting from the work being read. 4. Theme is a universal statement about life or society. 5. Theme is applicable...
  • alcohol powerpoint presentation - UW-Superior

    alcohol powerpoint presentation - UW-Superior

    Alcohol Information Provided by your Campus AODA (Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse) Coalition Created by Lynne Lowney, UWS student 25.3% of students surveyed on the UWS campus said they were unaware of campus drug and alcohol policies.
  • Unit 2A Human Form & Function Body systems

    Unit 2A Human Form & Function Body systems

    The purpose of breathing is to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the air . Boyle's law Boyle's law states that: for a fixed amount of gas kept at a fixed temperature, pressure (P) and volume (V)...
  • www.cse.iitb.ac.in

    www.cse.iitb.ac.in

    Keyword Search on Structured/Semi-Structured Data. Key differences from IR/Web Search: Normalization (implicit/explicit) splits related data across multiple tuples. To answer a keyword query we need to find a (closely) connected set of entities (via relationships) that together match all given...