Bobbin Mill Brook - Bates College

Bobbin Mill Brook - Bates College

Bobbin Mill Brook Water Quality in an Urban Watershed Anabel Schmelz, Megan Kearns, Anne Rockwell 10 December 2013 Our Goals Research impervious surface mitigation plans and storm water management Identify sources and entryways of pollution into the brook i.e. stormwater runoff channels Look at potential sites to implement BMPs GIS mapping Water quality testing Scholarly research Why do we care about stormwater runoff? Increased development and population growth leads to urban stormwater runoff Impervious surface Definition: refers to all hard surfaces like paved roads, parking lots, roofs, and even highly compacted soil like sports fields Leads to faster flow rates and higher volumes in streams Photo Photo credit credit Businesses: Glamour Pool and Spa, A1 Auto, Hertz, Center

Street Auto, Lee Credit, Jims Auto, Toyota, Auto City, Berubes, Chevy, WD Matthews, Lake City Exports, Central Maine Credit Union, J&M Homes, LaundryMate, Evergreen Subaru, US Cellular, Lee Auto, Auburn Plaza, Arbys, Shaws Mall Complex, Fire Departmehnt, Quicklane, Kmart, Applebees, Book Burrow, and more. Stormwater Runoff Channels Stetson Rd. Channel Lee Auto N Changing Landscape N Kmart Parking Lot N Implications & Conclusions Runoff entering brook at many locationsno one point source (except Stetson Rd. Channel) Water quality consistent throughout

Further research Understanding the main sources of surface runoff of Bobbin Mill Brook BMP or LID techniques specific to Bobbin Mill Brook Questions? Comments? Thanks! References Arnold, Arnold, Chester Chester L., L., Jr., Jr., and and C. C. James James Gibbons. Gibbons. 1996. 1996. Impervious Impervious surface surface coverage: coverage: Emergence Emergence of of aa key key environmental environmental factor.Journal factor.Journal of of the the American American Planning Planning Association Association 62, 62, 2: 2: 243-58. 243-58. Barrett, Barrett, M.E., M.E., Kearney, Kearney, J.E., J.E., McCoy, McCoy, T.G.,

T.G., Malina, Malina, J.F., J.F., and and Charbeneau, Charbeneau, R.J. R.J. 1996. 1996. An An evaluation evaluation of of the the use use and and effectiveness effectiveness of of temporary temporary sediment sediment controls. controls. Center Center for for Transportation Transportation Reserch Reserch at at the the University University of of Texas Texas at at Austin. Austin. Report Report 1943-2. 1943-2. Bastien, Bastien, N.R.P., N.R.P., Arthur, Arthur, S., S., Wallis, Wallis, S.G., S.G., and and Scholz, Scholz, M. M. 2011 2011 Runoff

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2000. Simulating Simulating runoff runoff behavior behavior in in an an urbanizing urbanizing watershed. watershed. Computers, Computers, Environment Environment and and Urban Urban Systems Systems 24: 24: 5-22. 5-22. Davidson, Davidson, Burton Burton & & Bradshaw, Bradshaw, Robert Robert W. W. 1967 1967 Thermal Thermal pollution pollution of of water water systems. systems. Environmental Environmental science science and and technology technology 1, 1, 8: 8: 617-30. 617-30. EPA. EPA. Low Low Impact Impact Development Development (LID). (LID). EPA, EPA, 2013. 2013.

EPA. EPA. National National Menu Menu of of Stormwater Stormwater Best Best Management Management Practices. Practices. EPA, EPA, National National Pollutant Pollutant Discharge Discharge Elimintation Elimintation System System (NPDES), (NPDES), 2012. 2012. EPA. EPA. Stormwater Stormwater Runoff: Runoff: effective effective vs. vs. total total imperviousness. imperviousness. EPA, EPA, CADDIS, CADDIS, 2012. 2012. EPA. EPA. Urban Urban Nonpoint Nonpoint Source Source Fact Fact Sheet. Sheet. EPA, EPA, 2003. 2003. (EPA (EPA 841-F-03-003) 841-F-03-003) Espy Espy et et al. al. 2002

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11, 2: 2: 249-56. 249-56. Kondolf, Kondolf, G. G. Mathias. Mathias. Micheli, Micheli, Elisabeth Elisabeth R. R. Evaluating Evaluating stream stream restoration restoration projects. projects. Environmental Environmental Management Management 19, 19, 1: 1: 1-15. 1-15. Lyons, Lyons, Steve Steve W., W., Walter, Walter, Todd, Todd, Gerard-Marchant, Gerard-Marchant, Pierre, Pierre, Steenhuis, Steenhuis, Tammo Tammo S. S. 2004. 2004. Using Using aa topographic topographic index index to to distribute distribute variable variable source source area area runoff runoff predicted predicted with with the the SCS

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Horner, Richard Richard R., R., Karr, Karr, James James R., R., Mar, Mar, Brian Brian W., W., Welch, Welch, Eugene Eugene B. B. 1997. 1997. Effects Effects Of Of Urbanization Urbanization On On Small Small Streams. Streams. Watershed Watershed Protection Protection Techniques Techniques 2, 2, 4: 4: 483-94. 483-94. Mitchell, Mitchell, M.K. M.K. & & Stapp, Stapp, W.B. W.B. 1997. 1997. Field Field Manual Manual for for Water Water Quality Quality Monitoring. Monitoring. GREENE/Earth GREENE/Earth Forcem Forcem Alexandria, Alexandria, VA. VA. Murphy,

Murphy, Sheila. Sheila. 2007. 2007. General General Information Information on on Solids. Solids. USGS USGS Water Water Quality Quality Monitoring. Monitoring. Niehoff, Niehoff, Daniel, Daniel, Fritsch, Fritsch, Uta, Uta, Bronstert, Bronstert, Axel. Axel. 2002. 2002. Land Land use use impacts impacts on on storm-runoff storm-runoff generation: generation: scenarios scenarios of of land-use land-use change change and and simulation simulation of of hydrological hydrological response response in in aa meso-scale meso-scale catchment catchment in in SW SW Germany. Germany. Journal Journal of of Hydrology

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