Caesar's English - Gifted Program

Caesar's English - Gifted Program

Caesars English Lesson 10 Roman ruins crumbling in Syria. Caesars English 1.melancholy: sadness

2.visage: the face 3.venerate: to respect 4.abate: to lessen 5.repose: resting melancholy: sadness Spanish: melancola

The English noun melancholy comes from the Latin melancholia, which came from the ancient Greek mela, black, and chole, bile. The idea was that sadness or dejection is caused by an excess of black bile in the bodysomething that we know is not true. The idea, however, has survived in the word.

Paula Greens sad and blue person. Melancholy Man, indeed. In Jack Londons 1903 The Call of the Wild, there is the little melancholy rippling of waves on lonely beaches. We can see from famous uses of the word that melancholy can describe a

persons feelings, but it can also describe things in the environment that seem sad, or that make us feel sad. One of the most striking melancholy sentences comes from Peter Pan: His eyes were of the blue of the forget-me-not, and

of a profound melancholy. visage: the face The English noun visage is a synonym of our friend countenance. Perhaps there is a difference in emphasis in the words, with countenance focusing on the contents of the expression and visage emphasizing the look

of the face; after all, visage traces back to the Latin videre, to see. visage: the face Even so, the two words both refer to the appearance of the face, and countenance is often used

to define visage. Why would someone name a skin care product Visage? One of the greatest visage sentences comes from Charles Dickens, who in A Tale of Two Cities

described someones taciturn and ironbound visage. Taciturn means silent, and so this characters visage is frozen and metallicnot very pleasant. venerate: to respect Spanish: venerar

To venerate is to respect or revere, to admire. The word traces all the way back to the Romans word venus, love. Veneration is a kind of high, respectful love. venerate: to respect

The adjective form of the word is venerable. It is important for many words to see that they are available in different parts of speech: venerate is a verb, veneration is a noun, venerable is an adjective. We often use venerable to

describe what is religious. The Roman people venerated Caesar as a war hero and a strong leader. In 46BC, they elected him dictator of Rome. A dictator is a ruler with complete control. Caesar used his power to make many

changes in Rome, often without approval from the Senate. He instituted the Julian calendar of 365 days. Caesars calendar is closely related to the calendar we use today. The month of July is named in veneration of Caesar. A year after his election as dictator, the

Roman people elected Caesar dictator for life. Venerate It is important for many words to see that they are available in different parts of speech: venerate is a verb, veneration is a noun, venerable is

an adjective. We often use venerable to describe what is religious. abate: to lessen Our English verb abate means to lessen in amount or degree, but it comes from the Old French abattre, to beat down! This, in

turn, came from the Latin batuere, to beat. The need for police work abated as areas were upgraded and improved. Abate Writers have used abate to describe how things go down, reduce, or recede. Note

that in order for something to get smaller, it must first be bigger, and so abate is what big things do. Big storms abate. Big emotions abate. In Bram Stokers Dracula we read, When the snow storm abated we looked again.

repose: resting Spanish: reposo The English word repose traces all the way back to the Latin pausa, to pause. When we re-pose, we pause again. When we use repose

as a verb, it means the act of resting, and when we use repose as a noun, it refers to the rest. Ahhhhh repose. Need we say more? Repose Mary Shelley used repose in

Frankenstein, to paint a picture of tranquility: All nature reposed under the eye of the quiet moon. In George Orwells Animal Farm Napoleon reposed on a bed of straw. Napoleon, being a pig, needed his repose.

Well, we may need to restate repose this way Caesars Analogies MELANCHOLY : VISAGE :: 1.repose : rest 2.traverse : space 3.abate : increase

4.vivid : color Caesars Analogies MELANCHOLY : VISAGE :: Adjective : closely related noun 1.repose : rest 2.traverse : space

3.abate : increase 4.vivid : color MELANCHOLY : VISAGE :: 1.repose : rest 2.traverse : space 3.abate : increase

4.vivid : color STORM : ABATE :: 1.fear : diminish 2.traverse : cross 3.visage : handsome 4.melancholy : dejected

STORM : ABATE :: Event : decrease in intensity 1.fear : diminish 2.traverse : cross 3.visage : handsome 4.melancholy : dejected

STORM : ABATE :: 1.fear : diminish 2.traverse : cross 3.visage : handsome 4.melancholy : dejected

Caesars English 1.melancholy: sadness 2.visage: the face 3.venerate: to respect 4.abate: to lessen 5.repose: resting

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