CANIS - Mrs. Landon--Advanced Language Arts

CANIS - Mrs. Landon--Advanced Language Arts

CANIS [KAH nis] dog Canine- n. a dog; adj. dog-like

Caninity-canine quality or trait; dog-like nature Canine teeth-extra long, pointed teeth used for tearing Canidae- the family of dog-like carnivorous mammals including dogs, wolves, jackals, foxes, coyotes and hyenas. Canis Major-Great Dog, a constellation in the shape of a dog. Canicula- Sirius, the Dog Star, the brightest star in the constellation Canis Major

FELES [FAY les, FAY lis] cat

Feline-n. a cat; adj. cat-like Felinity-cat-like disposition Felinophilia (philia G. love) love for cats Felinophobia (phobos G.- fear) fear of cats Felidae the whole cat tribe, large and small, including domestic cats, lions, tigers, leopards, cheetahs, lynxes, panthers, cougars, etc.

LEON [LAY on] lion

Lion- the largest member of the cat family Felidae Lioness-a female lion Leonine-lion-like Dandelion (dens L.- tooth) weedy plant with deeply toothed leaves and a golden-yellow tufted flower

Chameleon (chamai G.- on the ground)- a lizard with a large head able to change color for protection Leopard (pardos G.-black leopard)-tawny panther with black spots Leo-the constellation of the Lion; zodiac sign; a boys name Lionize-to treat as an object of great interest or importance Lions share-the biggest and best portion of anything EQUUS

[EH kwoos] horse Equidae- scientific term for the horse family Equestrian-a person skilled in horse riding; pertaining to horseback riding Equine-of, pertaining to, or resembling a horse Equestrienne-feminine form; a horsewoman; female equestrian CABALLUS

[cah BAHL loos] horse Cavalry-a division of an army in which the soldiers ride horses Cheval- (French) horse Chivalry- a code of courteous conduct which was followed by knights (horsemen) of the middle ages Caballo-(Spanish) horse Cavallo-(Italian) horse Chevalet- (French-little horse) the bridge on a stringed musical

instrument, as a violin; any wooden frame for holding or supporting something; equiv. to cheval-horse Cavalcade-procession of riders on horseback, or in carriages Chevalier, (Maurice)- French actor and singer HIPPOS [HIP poss] horse

Hippopotamus (potamos G.-river)- river horse Hippodrome (dromos G.-race course)-horse race track

Hippocampus (kampos G.-sea monster)-sea horse Hippology (logos G.-word, study)-study of horses Hippophile (philia G.-love)-one who loves horses Eohippus (eo G.-dawn)-dawn horse, a small, extinct horse Hippiatric (iatros G.-healer)-pertaining to treating the diseases of horses Hippotigris (tigris G.-tiger)-a subgenus of the Equidae family, including zebras

PORCUS [POR koos] pig, hog, swine

Pork-meat from a pig Porcine-pig-like, fat, lazy Porcupine- (spina L.-thorn) Spiny or prickly pig-shaped rodent Porpoise- (porcus piscis L.-pig fish) a blunt snouted, aquatic mammal, similar to a dolphin Pork barrel-barrel in which salt pork is stored

Porker-a young pig raised for food pork-money for local projects from the public trough Porcelain-a fine, white earthenware noted for its translucence and transparent glaze, china ORNIS/ORNITHOS [OR nis]/ [OR ni thos] bird Ornithology (logos G.-word, study)-study of the nature and habits of

birds Ornithivorous (vorare L.-devour, swallow up)-bird-eating Ornithopterous (pteron G.-wing)-having wings like a bird Ornithotrope (trophos G.-feeder)-place to feed and observe birds. Ornithocephalic (kephale G.-head)-having a head shaped like a birds Ornithopter (pteron G.-wing)-machine designed to fly by flapping wings Ornithophile (philia G.-love)-lover of birds Ornithomancy (mantis G.-diviner, prophet)-telling fortunes by

observing birds AVIS [AH wis] bird Aviary-a large building in which birds are kept Aviate-to navigate the air in an airplane; to fly Aviation-aerial navigation by means of an airplane; the science of powered flight; designed and

development of aircraft Aviator-pilot of an airplane Avian-of or pertaining to birds Aviculture (cultura L. tilling, raising)-the raising of an caring for birds, especially wild birds in captivity GREX/GREGIS [GREKS, GRE gis]

flock, herd, drove, group, troop, company Gregarious-living in herds, flocks, or social groups; fond of company, socially outgoing and friendly Egregious (e,ex L.-out, away)-out of the herd; outstandingly bad Congregate (cum L.-together)-gather together as a group Congregation- a flock of churchgoers gathered together for worship with a cleric as shepherd Segregate (se L.-apart)-to separate from the group

Aggregate (ad L.-to) to gather together in a lump or sum OMNIS [OHM nis] each, every, all

Omnipotence (potens L.-powerful, able)- all power Omnipotent-all powerful Omnipresent (praesens L.-present)-present everywhere Omniscience (scire L. to know)-knowledge of all Omniscient-all knowing Omnivorous (vorare L.-to eat greedily; swallow)-willing to

eat anything and everything Omnibus-vehicle capable of carrying many passengers Omindirectional-(dirigere L.-direct, guide)-capable of transmitting or receiving radio waves from all directions AMPHI [AHM pee, AHM fee] both Amphitheater (theatron G.-place for seeing)-theater with

audience on both sides of the central stage area Amphibian (bios G.-life)-animal, including frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders, which can live and breathe both in water and on land Amphora (pherein G.-to carry)-a large jar or jug with handles on both sides for carrying liquids Amphoric sound-a sound made by blowing across the mouth of a bottle or jug Amphigory (guros G.-circle)-a story or rhyme with opposite

statements resulting in nonsense. AMBI [AHM bee] on both sides, around, surround Ambidextrous (dexter L.-right)-able to use both hands with equal skill (to have two right hands) Ambivalent (valens, valentis L.-strong, powerful)-to be

attracted and repulsed at the same time; undecided Ambiguous (agere L.-to drive)-doubtful or uncertain; a feeling of being driven in two or more directions Ambience (ire L.-to go )-environment, surroundings, atmosphere Ambisinister (sinister L.-left)-to have two left hands; clumsy EU

[EH oo] well, good, pleasant Eulogy (logos G.-word)-a speech or praise for a deceased person Euphony (phone G.-sound)-pleasing sounds of a voice or music Euphoria (pherein G.-to bear)-a feeling of well-being or elation Evangelist (angelos G.-messenger)-one who brings good news Eugenics (eugenes G.-wellborn)-relating to or fitted for the production of good offspring

Euphemism (pheme G.-speech)-substitution of a mild or indirect word for one which is thought to be offensive or blunt. MALUS [MAH loos] bad, ugly, evil, ill

Malady (malade F.-sick)-illness, any undesirable condition Maledictions (dicere L. to speak)-words spoken badly of someone Malefactor (facere L.-to do, make) to do evil or wrong

Dismal (dies L.-day)-evil or unlucky; dreary, causing gloom Malaria (aer L.-air)-bad air; a disease carried by some mosquitoes Malevolent (velle L.-to wish)-having evil wishes or intentions Malice- desire to cause pain, injury, or distress to another Malign-to utter injuriously misleading or false reports; to speak evil of Malapropism-use of an inappropriate word in place of a correct one

E-/EX [AY, EKS] out of; beyond; from; former

Exit (ire L.-to go)-to go out; the door through which you leave Exclude (claudere L.-to shut)-to shut out of a group

Evidence (videre L.-to see)-out of what can be seen Elaborate (laborare L.-to work)-to work out in great detail Effort (fortis L.-strong)-strenuous physical or mental exertion Elect (legere L.-to choose)-to pick out; vote for Educate (ducere L.-to lead)-to lead out of ignorance Excel (excellere L.-to rise or project)-to rise above expectations Except (capere L.-to take)-taken away from a general rule Erase (radere L.-to scrape)-to rub out or obliterate Eruption (rumpere L.-to break)-to break out or burst open

Evacuate (vacuare L.- to make empty)-to empty out ; to withdraw ARCHOS [AHR koss] chief, principal, primative

Archaeology (logos G.-study)-study of the beginnings of man Archaic-very old; from the earliest times Archbishop (episkopos G.-overseer)-leader of bishops Archduke (dux L.-leader)-first in rank among other dukes Architect (techton G.-craftsman)-one who designs new buildings Hierarchy (heiros G.-holy, sacred)-any system of persons ranked

one above the other Monarchy (monos G.-alone)-rule by one person Oligarchy (oligos G.-few)-rule by a few persons Patriarch (pater L.-father)-founding father of a family or country; ruling father figure ARCUS [AHR koos] bow, arc

Arc-part of a circle Arch-curved structure built to support weight over an opening Arcade-a row of arches supported by pillars Archer-one who shoots arrows with a bow; the constellation Sagittarius Archery-the sport of shooting arrows from a bow Archway-an entrance or passage under an arch Overarching-spanning as with an arch; over everything

below CIRCUM [KEER coom] around, about Circle-a perfectly round plane figure Circumference (ferre L.-to bear)-the line that forms a circle Circus-a round arena surrounded by seating for performances by trained animals, acrobats, clowns, etc.

Circa-around or about, used with dates which are not exact Circuit (ire L.-to go)-to go or travel around; a circular journey Circulation-movement in a circular motion or course Circumscribe (scribere L.-write)-to draw a boundary line around Circumstance (stare L.-to stand)-that which stands around or surrounds; conditions existing at a certain time Circumspect (spectare L.-look carefully; watch)-look all around KYKLOS

[KOOK loss, KIK loss] ring, circle, wheel Cycle-any complete round or recurring series

Bicycle (bi G.-two)-rider propelled vehicle with two wheels Tricycle (tri G.-three)-rider propelled vehicle with three wheels Motorcycle-two- or three-wheeled vehicle propelled by a motor cyclometer (metron G.-measure)- an instrument for measuring arcs; device for recording the revolutions of a wheel Cyclone- storm characterized by circular wind motion; a tornado Encyclopedia (paideia G.-child rearing, education)-a series of books of knowledge needed for a well-rounded education Cyclops (ops G.-eye)-any of a group of giants in Greek mythology

having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead. PERI [PEH ree] around Perimeter (metron G.-measure)-distance around the outside of an area Periscope (skopein G.-to look)-device for seeing around obstacles Perigee (geo G.-earth)-that point in the moons orbit closest to the earth

Perihelion (helios G.-sun)-that point in the orbit of a planet, comet, or other heavenly body that is nearest to the sun Period (odos G.-way, path)- completion of a cycle; dot at end of a sentence Peripathetic (patein G.-to tread)-walking about; itinerant Peripheral (pherein G.-to carry)-carry around the outside; extra Peristyle (stylos G.-pillar)-colonnade surrounding a building or a courtyard

THEOS [TAY oss] god

Theology (logos G.-word, study)-knowledge or study of god Monotheism (monos G.-alone,solitary)-belief in one god Polytheism (poly G.-many)-belief in many gods Atheist (a, ab L.-away from)-one who does not believe in any god Theocracy (kratos G.-power)-government of a state by rulers seen

as divinely guided in accordance with laws of one religion Pantheon (pan G.-all)-temple in Rome built to worship all the Roman Gods Enthusiasm (in L.-in, into)-having spirit or a god inside; inspiration Dorothy (doron G.-gift)-girls name meaning gift of god Theodore (doron G.-gift)-boys name meaning gift of god DEUS

[day oos] god Deity-having the character of a god, object of worship; a god Deify-to exalt to the position of a god; to treat as a god Deist-one who believes in God but rejects the organized religions Adieu (a L.-to + dieu French-god)-parting salutation, go with God Addio (ad L. to + dio Italian- god)-Goodbye, farewell Adios (a L.-to + dios Spanish god)-parting wish; Goodbye

Deus ex machina- day oos eks ma kee na-god from machine. DIVINUS [dee WEE noos] god-like Divine (adjective)-relating to or proceeding directly from God or a god Divine (noun)-a soothsayer, a clergyman, a theologian Divine (verb)-to discover as if led by God; find water

with a divining rod Diviner-one who can predict or foretell events, a prophet or soothsayer Divine right of kings-the right to rule comes from God and not the people Diva-a goddess; a celebrated woman opera singer HOMO/HOMINIS

[HOH mo, HOH mi nis] man, human being Homo sapiens (sapire L.-to be wise)-man as a thinking species Homage-oath of loyalty by a vassal or tenant to a feudal lord Human- relating to or characteristic of human beings Humane-marked by compassion for humans or animals Homunculus-a little man, a dwarf Ad hominem-attacks against a man personally rather

than at his ideas or policies ANTHROPOS [AHN troh poss]man, mankind, humankind Anthropology-(logos G.-word, study)-the study of mankind Anthropomorphic (morph G.-form, shape)-having human form Anthropomorphize-attribute humanity to animals or things

Philanthropy (philein G.-to love)-devotion to human welfare Philanthropist-a generous giver to education, charity, or social work Misanthrope (misein G-to hate)- a hater or distruster of mankind VIR

[WEER] man, manly, masculine Virile-manly Virago-a man-like woman Triumvirate (tri L.-three)- a three-man governing team Virtue-manly strength or courage Virtual-being in essence or effect, but not in fact Virtuoso-a man with great technical skill in the fine arts, esp. music

FEMINA [FAY mi nah] woman Female-the gender that can produce eggs or bear offspring Feminine-having qualities associated with women Femininity-state of being womanly Effeminate-feminine in appearance or manner;

unmasculine Feminism-advocacy of womens rights Femme fatale (French)-an irresistibly attractive woman INFANS/INFANTIS [EEN fans, een FAHN tis] inability to speak

Infant-speechless; one who cannot yet speak Infancy-condition of being an infant; early childhood Infantile-behaving like an infant or child Infanta (Spanish)-daughter of the King and Queen of Spain or Portugal who is not heir to the throne Infante (Spanish)-son of the King and Queen of Spain or Portugal who is not heir to the throne Infant school (in Britain)-school for children under 7 years old Infantry-(originally)force composed of those too young or

inexperienced or low in rank for cavalry service; (now) foot soldiers in an army Infanticipate-to be in a state of expecting the birth of a child. PAIS/PAIDOS [pah EES, peye DOSS] child Pediatrician (iatros G.-physician)-a doctor for children Encyclopedia (kyklos G.-round)-a series of books which provides a

child a well-rounded knowledge on all subjects Pedagogue (agein G.-to lead)-a tutor who escorted children to school Pedagogy-art or skill of teaching children Paideia-education of children in all aspects of their society Pedant-person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning Pedantic-overly concerned with minute details and formalities in teaching

Pedantry-slavish attention to formal rules or minute details. SCHOLE [SKOH lay] leisure, free time School- (n.) a place of education; a group of fish swimming together; (v.) to teach or educate Scholastic-of or pertaining to schools or school education

Scholar-a student who is taught, especially one who is learned in classical (Greek and Latin) languages and literature Scholarly-pertaining to, or characterizing a scholar; learned, erudite Scholarship-the attainments of a scholar in learning; a grantin-aid to a student at a school or university LUDO/LUSUS [LOO do, LOO soos] play, mock

Allude (ad L.-to, toward)-make indirect reference to; refer to Elude, elusive (e, ex L. out of)-to avoid cleverly; to escape Delude (v.) (de L.-down, away from)-to play falsely, deceive Collude (v.) (con L. with, together)-to conspire or plot Illusion (n.) (in L.-not)-the creation of a false impression of reality Illusory (adj.)-misleading, unreal Ludicrous-laughable, ridiculous, absurd Interlude (interlude L.-between)-music between parts of a longer performance

Prelude (prae L-before)-music played before the main performance Postlude (post L.-after)-music played after the main performance. IATROS [yah TROSS] doctor, physician, comforter

Pediatrician (paidos G.-child)-a doctor for children Psychiatrist (psychos G.-soul)-doctor for the mind and soul Podiatrist (podes G.-foot)-foot doctor Hippiatrist (hippos G.-horse)-doctor for horses; a veterinarian Iatrology (logos G.-word, study)-the science of healing, a study of medical arts

Iatrogenic (genesis G.-origin, source)-illness or injury caused by doctors mistakes Geriatrics (geron G.-old age)-field of medicine dealing with older people. MEDICUS [MEH di koos] physician Medicine-any substance used in treatment of disease or

illness Medicinal-having the properties of a medicine; curative; remedial Medical-pertaining to the science or practice of medicine Medication-use or application of medicine Medicine man-person believed to possess magical curative powers, especially among North American Indians; a shaman Medicine ball-a solid, heavy, leather-covered ball tossed for exercise

SANUS [SAH noos] healthy, not diseased or injured Sane-of sound or healthy mind Sanity-mental health or soundness Insane (in L.-not)-mentally ill or abnormal, not of healthy mind Insanity (in L.-not)-condition of mental illness

Sanitarium-institution for treating the ill or insane; a health resort Sanitary-clean and healthy Sanitation-state of clean, healthy conditions HOLOS [HOH loss] whole, entire, complete Whole-healthy, unhurt, entire, total

Hologram-three-dimensional picture of a whole object or whole person Catholic (kata G.-concerning, in respect of )-universal; applicable to all men; the universal church, or the whole body of Christians Holy-sacred; dedicated to the service of God, the church, or religion Holiday-a day fixed by law or custom to commemorate an event or to honor a person; a day to honor religious saints or sacred events Holocaust (kaustos G.-burnt)-complete devastation or destruction

by fire. RHINOS [HREE noss, REYE noss] nose, snout Rhinoceros (keras G.-horn)-large animal with one or two horns on its snout Rhinocerotoid-like a rhinoceros; one of the rhinoceros family

Rhinology (logos G.-study)-branch of medicine concerned with the nose Rhinoplasty (plassein G.-to form or mold)-plastic surgery for the nose Rhinoscope (skopein G.-to see, look)-instrument for examining the interior of the nose. CORNU

[KOR noo] horn Coronet-horn, a brass instrument like a trumpet Cornucopia (copia L.-plenty; abundance)-horn of plenty Unicorn (unus L.-one)-a mythical horse with one horn on its forehead Corn-hardening of skin on a toe other than the toenail Cornea-the relatively hard, transparent coating of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light

to the interior of the eye DERMA [DAIR mah, DER mah] skin, hide, shell

Dermis-layer of skin just under the epidermis Epidermis (epi G.-upon)-outer layer of skin Hypodermic (hypo G.-under)- under the skin Dermatologist (logos G.-word, study)-skin specialist in medicine Dermatitis (-it is G.-suffix-inflammation)-inflammation of the skin Dermatoid-skin-like

Dermoptera (pteron G.-wing)- having skin or membranous wings like a bat. CUTIS [KOO tis] skin, hide Cutis-the layer of skin beneath the epidermis; derma Cutis vera (vera L.-true)-true skin; the layer of skin containing its blood supply and nerves

Subcutis (sub L.-under)-the deeper or inner portion of the true skin Cuticle-thin, outermost thin layer of skin; the epidermis Cuticula, cuticulae-tough outer layer of skin in lower organism (slugs, worms, etc.) Sub-cutaneous (sub .-under)-being used or introduced beneath the skin Cutify-to form skin

COR/CORDIS [KOR, KOR dis] heart

Core-the central or innermost part; the heart of anything Cordial-heartfelt; warm and sincere Courage (n.)-facing danger in spite of fear Encourage (in L.- in,within)-to give confidence to; to inspire with courage

Discourage (dis L.- apart)-to dishearten Accord (ad L.-to, toward)-heart to heart; an agreement or a treaty Concord (con from cum L-with)-agreement between people; harmony in music Discord (dis L.-apart)-disagreement or conflict; harsh or inharmonious noise in music Record (re L.-again)-to preserve the heart of a message DORSUM

[DOR soom] back Dorsal fin-the fin on the back of sharks, dolphins, orca, and a number of fish Endorse (v.)-to sign on the back of a document or check; support Endorsement (n.)-signature written on the back of a check; support or approval for a person or position or product Dorsicumbent (incumbo L.-lie upon, lean toward)-lie upon ones back

Dorsigerous (gerere L.-to carry)-carrying the young on the back Dossier (French)-a bundle of documents labeled on the back ATHLON [ATH lohn] prize, award Athlete-a person trained or skilled in exercises, sports or games requiring physical strength, agility, or stamina Athletics-exercises, games, or sports engaged in by athletes

Athletic-characteristic of an athlete; pertaining to athletics. Pentathlon (penta G.-five)-athletic contest of five separate sports Decathlon (deka G.-ten)-athletic contest of ten separate sports Decathlete-an athlete who participates in a decathlon AGON

[AH gon] contest, struggle, trial Agony-intense mental or physical suffering from struggling with a challenge or problem Agonize-to suffer agony, or anguish over a decision Antagonize (anti L.-against)-to act in opposition to; to incur or provoke hostility; to struggle against Antagonist-one who struggles against or opposes another; adversary; opponent Antagonism-actively expressed opposition or hostility; enmity

protagonist- (pro L.-for)-principal character in a book or play against which antagonistic forces struggle DROMOS [DROH moss]race course, runway, running

Hippodrome (hippos G.-horse)-horse racetrack Dromedary-a camel of unusual speed Anadromous (ana G.-up)-running upward Catadromous (kata G.-down)-running downward Aerodrome (aer G.-air)-airport runway

Palindrome (palin G.-back, again)-a word, sentence, or verse that reads the same backward or forward MONS/MONTIS [MONS, MOHN tis] mountain

Mountain-a land mass that rises high above its surroundings Mountainous-terrain containing many mountains Mount-to rise, ascend; to place or seat oneself upon something Mound-a raised area in the ground Insurmountable (in L-not; sur L.-above)-something one cannot

rise above Amount-a pile or accumulation of anything; the quantity at hand Promontory-(pro L.-forward)-a high point of land projecting into a body of water; mass of land projecting into a lowland Paramount- (para L.-by)-superior to or rising above all others HUMUS [HOO moos] earth, soil

Humus-dark organic matter in soils partially containing decomposed vegetable or animal material Humiliate-to make someone feel low Humble-near the ground; not high or pretentious Humility-a spirit of lowliness; lack of pretension Humification-formation of humus

FOLIUM [FO lee oom] leaf Foliage-the leaves of a plant or tree Folio-a leaf of paper (either loose or in a bound volume) Portfolio (porto-L.-carry)-a case for carrying loose sheets of paper, music, art, etc. Foliate-to put forth leaves; to beat metal into a thin leaf or foil

Exfoliate-(ex L.-away from)-to cast off or shed leaves or layers Defoliate (de L.-down from )-to strip off leaves Defoliant- a chemical used to cause defoliation SAL/SALIS [SAHL, SAH lis] salt Salt-a substance which occurs in nature both in solution and in

crystalline form, known chemically as sodium chloride (NaCl) Salary-fixed payment made periodically to a person for regular work Saline-like salt; salty Salami-a variety of sausage highly salted and flavored, originally Italian Desalinate (de L.-away from)-to remove salt from water or land Saltern-a building where salt is made by boiling or evaporating sea water Salinometer (metron G.-measure)-an instrument for measuring the

amount of water in a solution. MARE [MAH reh] sea, ocean

Marine- (adj.) of, or relating to, the sea; (n.) a sea-soldier Marina-a dock or basin offering safe mooring for boats Mariner-a person who navigates a ship; a sailor Maritime-of, or relating to, navigation or commerce on the sea Submarine (sub L.-under)-ship which goes under water in the ocean Mare nostrum- our sea ; a body of water belonging to

one nation or shared by two or more nations; the Romans name for the Mediterranean Sea NAUS [NAH oos] ship, boat Nautical-pertaining to ships Aeronaut (aero G.-air)-an early name for an aviator; airplane pilot

Astronaut (astron G.-star)-one who sails out toward the stars Cosmonaut (kosmos G.-ordered universe)-astronaut Nautilus-a sea creature which forms new chambers in a spiral formation as it grows Nauseate-to make sick with an upset stomach due to any cause Argonauts-heroes in Greek mythology who sailed with Jason on his ship, the Argo, in search of the Golden Fleece NAVIS

[NAH wis] ship, boat Navy-the maritime section of a nations defense; the ships and those who manage them Naval-pertaining to ships and those who build, sail, and manage them Navigate (ago L.-do, drive)-to determine the route a ship must take to a destination; to direct the course of a ship or any vehicle Navigation-the process of guiding a ship upon the sea

Navigable-body of water deep enough to allow movement of ships Circumnavigate (circum L.-around)-to sail completely around a land mass or the world. HOMOS [HOH mos] same, common, joint Homograph- (graphein G.-write or draw)-words with

the same spelling but different origin and meaning Homonym (onyma G.-name)-words having the same sound or pronunciation, but different spelling and meaning Homogeneous- (genos G.-race, kind)-same kind or nature Homogenize-to make homogeneous or the same throughout

HETEROS [HEH teh ross] other, different Heterogeneous (genos G.-race, kind)-different kind or nature Heterodox ( doxa G.-opinion)-contrary to recognized standard practice or doctrine (opposite of orthodox) Heterography (graphein G.-write or draw)-spelling different from that which is correct in current usage;

incorrect spelling Heteronomy (nomos G.-law)-not self-governing (opposite of autonomy) CARDO/CARDINIS [KAR do, KAR di nis] hinge Cardinal-essential, main; a songbird with bright red feathers

Cardinal numbers-one, two, three, etc. Cardinal points (on a compass)-North, South, East, West Cardinal winds-winds blowing from one of the cardinal points of the compass Cardinal edge (of a shell)-the connection between the two bivalves of a shell Cardinal-one of the 70 princes of the Roman Catholic Church

PORTA [POR tah] door, gate, entry Port-a harbor for boats at the shore of a city; the left side of a ship, as one faces forward; a place to connect pieces of computer hardware so they can communicate with each other Airport-a place where airplanes land and take off Portal-doorway or gateway of stately or elaborate construction; any kind of entryway

Porthole-small opening in the side of a ship to let in light or air Porch-a covered area around the entrance to a house Portcullis-(Old French coulies-sliding)-vertically sliding castle door PORTO/ PORTATUM [POR to, por TAH toom] to carry

Porter-someone who carries your luggage for you Portable-capable of being carried by hand or in person Portage- (n.) the act of carrying anything; (v.) to carry a boat over land between two bodies of water Transport (trans L.-across)-to carry across; to carry away with emotion Export (ex L.-out of )-to carry out; to send good or info out Import (in L.-in)- (v.) to carry in; to bring something in Important (adj.)-carrying meaning or significance Report (re L.-back)-(v.) to carry back

Support (sub L.-under)- (v.) carry from underneath; to bear Deport (de L.-away)- (v.) to carry away NOVUS [NOH woos] new Novel- (n.) a fictitious story of book length Novel- (adj.) of a new kind or nature, not previously known Novice- a beginner, an inexperienced person; a probationary

member of a religious order, before taking of vows Novitiate- a novice or new person in a religious order Novelty-new in character and originality; a new or unusual occurrence; a small toy of novel design Nouveau riche (French)- newly rich Nova-a star that suddently increases in brightness and then subsides Supernova-a star that suddenly increases in brightness and then explodes

ORDO/ ORDINIS [Or do, Or din is] row, array command Order-everything in its place; tidiness; a group, religious or other, living by the same rules; a command Orderly-systematically arranged, regular; obedient to rules Ordinary-regular, normal, customary, usual

Ordinance-an authoritative order; a decree Ordinal number-number defining place in a series: first, second, etc. Extraordinary-(extra L.- outside)-out of the ordinary; remarkable NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM- A New Order of the Ages- motto on the Great Seal of the United States (on the back of a one dollar bill) SAECULUM

[SEYE koo loom] age, century Secular-worldly, as opposed to ecclesiastical or church-related Secularize-convert from church to civil property or use Sicle (French)-century (fin de sicle-end of the century) NOVUS ORDEO SECLORUM- A New Order for the Ages

Secule- period of geologic time corresponding to strata in rocks PRIMUS [PREE moos] first

Primary-first in time or order of development; earliest; main Primer-first book of instruction in reading or other learning Prime-first in time, rank, degree, importance, quality Prime number-number that can be divided only by itself and one

Primate-order of mammals including humans, apes, monkeys, etc. Primitive-the conditions of life in earliest times before technology Primogeniture-custom of the eldest son in a family inheriting the family land and wealth Prima donna (Italian-first lady)-a leading lady of the opera SECUNDUS [she KOON doos] second

Second-immediately following the first in order or rank; damaged or flawed new merchandise Second-an aide to a participant in a duel Second- a 60th of a minute Second hand-the hand marking seconds on a clock Secondhand- used clothing or equipment Secondary-next after first in time, priority, or order of development Secondary market-selling of stocks on the open market

after an initial public offering of shares in a company. TERTIUS [TAIR tee oos] third

Tertiary-third in order Tertiary color-color produced by mixing two secondary colors Tertiary period-the first period in the Cenozoic Era Tertius/Tertia- names for a boy or girl who is the third child in a family Tertial(ornithology)-the third row of feathers in the wing of a bird Tertio-geniture-right of succession or inheritance belonging to

the third born in a family Tertius gaudens (gaudere L.-to rejoice)-a third person who benefits from the conflict of two others. QUARTUS [KWAR toos] fourth

Quart-one-fourth of a gallon Quartile-one-fourth of the total group being tested in research Quarter-one-fourth of anything; one fourth of the school year Quarter horse-strong, fast horse trained to race a quarter of a mile Quarto-paper folded twice to produce four sheets/eight pages Quarter-bound-book with leather on the spine, of the cover Quarterdeck-the stern area of a sailing ships upper deck Quarter note-musical note held for of the time of a whole note Quarterly-recurring every three months; of a year

Quartet-four singers who sing in four-part harmony QUINTUS [KWEEN toos] fifth Quintile- in research statistics, one-fifth of the group being tested Quintessence-the essence of an idea in its most concentrated form

Quintuplet-one-fifth of five offspring born at the same birth Quintuplicate-the fifth of five exact copies Quintet-group of five musicians or singers; music written for such a group Quinta (in Portugal, Spain, and Latin America)-a farm rented for one-fifth of the income it produces SEXTUS

[SEX toos] sixth Sext-sixth canonical hour of the day; noon Siesta (Spanish from L. sexta hora-noon)-an afternoon nap or rest Sextant-a navigational tool with an arc which is 1/6 of a circle Sextuplet-one of six babies born at one birth Sextet-a group of six musicians Sestet-a six-line poem, or the last six lines of an Italian

sonnet Sexagesimal-one-sixtieth of anything SEPTIMUS [SEP ti moos] seventh Septimal-seventh; of the number seven Septime-the seventh of the eight parrying positions in fencing

Septuplet-one of seven babies born at one birth Septuagesima Sunday-the seventieth day before Easter; third Sunday before Lent September-seventh month of the old Roman calendar OCTAVUS [ohk TAH woos] eighth

Octavius-family name of Augustus Caesar Octave-a series of eight notes in music Octavo-a size of book or printed page (about 6 x 9 inches) October-eighth month of the old Roman calendar Octuplet-one of eight babies born at one birth NONUS

[NO noos] ninth Nonagenarian- a person aged 90-99 Nones- (Christian church) the ninth hour after prime or sunrise; the devotional service performed then Nonet-a group of nine singers or musicians Nonagon-a polygon having 9 angles and 9 sides

Noon-(from nones)-12:00; midday DECIMUS [DEH ki moos] tenth Decimate-destroy a tenth part of Decimal system-base ten number system Dewey Decimal System-system for classifying library books

Decimeter-one-tenth of a meter; 3.94 inches Deciliter-one-tenth of a liter; 0.21 pint Decigram-one-tenth of a gram; 1.543 grains Decimalization-conversion to a decimal system (as of a currency) Dime-10-cent coin; one-tenth of a dollar ELEKTRON

[eh LEK tron] amber Electricity-a fundamental natural entity of negative and positive kinds; observable in attraction or repulsion of bodies and in natural phenomena such as lightning or aurora borealis Electric-relating to or operated by electricity Electron-elementary particle consisting of a negative charge of electricity Electrician-one who installs, maintains, and

repairs electrical equipment GRADUS [GRAH doos] step, degree Grade-a degree or step in a scale of rank, quality, value Gradual-taking place, changing, or moving in small degrees Graduation-ceremony of giving diplomas or degrees in school or college for completion of a program

Gradient-rate of regular or graded ascent or descent; inclination Centigrade (centum L.-hundred)-a scale of measuring heat which has one hundred degrees between waters freezing and boiling points; Celsius thermometer Egress (e, ex L.-go out)-a way out of an enclosed space; an exit Regress (re L.-again, back)-a step back to a former position PLUS/PLURIS

[PLOOS, PLOO ris] more, many Plus-more, additional Plus sign-in mathematics (+) meaning additional or positive value Plural-more than one in number Plurality-a larger or greater number, though not an absolute majority E Pluribus Unum-out of many (states), one (nation) Surplus (super L.-above)-extra, more or above what is needed

Nonplussed- not more-perplexed; not knowing what more to say Plus fours-mens long baggy knickers worn for golfing in the 1920s AKROS [AH kross] topmost; high point; extreme Acrobat (bainein G.-to go)-one who performs gymnastic

feats on a high wire, elevated apparatus, or on the ground Acrobatics-art of an acrobat; aviation stunts high in the air Acropolis (polis G.-city)-high point of a Greek city; a citadel Acropolis-the hill in Athens on which the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena, was built Acronym (onyma G.-name)-word formed from the first letters of a phrase: radar, scuba, NATO, NAFTA, etc. Acrophobia-extreme fear of heights

KATA [KAH tah] down, against Catalog (legein G.-to pick, choose)-a list from which to choose Catastrophe (strophein G.-to turn)-downturn of events Catapult (pallein G.-to hurl)-a device for hurling stones or arrows Cataract (rassein G.-to strike, smite)-a waterfall or

downpouring of water; abnormality of the eye; clouded lens Catalyst (lysis G.-break, loose, set free)-person or thing that causes an event or change in the status quo Cataclysm (klyzein G.-to wash or dash over)-violent upheaval especially of a social or political nature; sudden action producing a change in the earths surface Catacomb (cumba G.-tomb)-subterranean cemetery ANA

[AH nah] up, back again, along, through Analysis (luein G.-loosen, undo)-taking apart something to study it Anadromous (dromein G.-to run)-to run up, as fish swimming upstream from salt water to fresh water to spawn Anatomy (tome G.-cut, incision)-cutting up a body to study it; dissection Anachronism (chronos G.-time)-person or thing that belongs to another time; error in chronology

Anagram (gram G.-written)-word, phrase, or sentence formed from another by rearranging its letters Analog (logos G.-word)-displaying a readout by a pointer on a dial rather than numerical digits Analogy-similarity of two things such as a heart and a pump DUCO/DUCTUM [DOO ko, DOOK toom] draw, attract, lead

Aqueduct (aqua L.-water)-tube or canal for water to move along Conduct (con L.-together)-guide, direct, lead, convey Deduct (de L.-down from, away)-lead away, remove, subtract Induct (in L.-in, into)-lead or bring into Produce (pro L.-for, forward)-bring forth, make, cause, create Surplus (super L.-above)-extra, more, or above what is needed Viaduct (via L.-way)-bridge over a valley for a road or train track; crossroad under a bridge or other obstruction

Reduce (re L.-back)-to lead back; to bring down to a smaller size, amount, weight, or price AGO/ACTUM [AH go, AHK toom] do, act, drive, perform

Act- do, perform, behave Agent-a person or thing that causes an action to take place Agile-able to act quickly physically or mentally; nimble Ambiguous (ambi L.-both)-lead in two directions; unclear Navigate (navis L.-boat)-drive or steer a boat

Coagulate (con L.-together)-drive liquid molecules together; clot, curdle, congeal, jell Prodigal (pro L.-forth)-driving forth, wasteful, extravagant PENDO/PENSUM [PEN do, PAIN sum] hang down, weigh, consider, judge Pensive-weighing things in ones mind; thoughtful; reflective

Suspend (sub L.-under)- to hang down under; temporarily stop an act Suspense-state of mental uncertainty while awaiting a decision or outcome Suspenders-adjustable shoulder straps with ends attached to the waistband of a pair of trousers Suspension-hanging down under something above; liquid throughout which particles are evenly distributed and do not settle to the bottom

Expensive (e, ex L.-out)-entailing great expense; much weighing out Expend-to weigh out; to pay out; to use up (as energy or resources) HYPER [HOO pair, HEYE purr] above, overly, beyond

Hyperbole (ballein G.-throw)-throw beyond, exaggerate Hyperactive (ago G.-do, act)-displaying excessive physical energy Hypercritical-overly critical; carping Hyperextension (ex L.-out, tendere L.-stretch)-extension of a body part beyond normal limits Hyperglycemia (glykys G.-sweet, haima G.-blood)-abnormally high

level of glucose in the blood Hyperventilate (ventus L.-wind)-to breathe extremely fast and deeply Hypertrophy (trophe G.-nutrition)-excessive growth or development of a body part from over-nutrition or overuse HYPO [HOO poh, HEYE poh] under, below

Hypodermic (dermis L.-skin)-under the skin Hypochondria (chondros G.-cartilage of the breastbone)-excessive worry about ones health Hypothermia (thermos G.-heat)-having a body temperature below normal Hypocritical (krinein G.-distinguish, separate)-pretending to hold publicly approved values, but not practicing them Hypothesis (thesis G.-put, place)- a proposition assumed for the sake of argument

Hypoallergenic (allos G.-other; genos G.-kind)-designed to prevent an allergic response by containing few irritating substances SUPER [SOO pair] on top, above, over

Super-situated above or upon; higher in rank or quality Insuperable (in L.-not)-incapable of being overcome or surmounted

Supervise (video L.-see)-to oversee Superfluous (fluere L.-to flow)-exceeding what is necessary Supercilious (cilium L.-eyelid)-coolly and patronizingly haughty Survive (vivo L.-live)-live over or beyond a threat of death Supersonic (sonic L.-sound)-faster than the speed of sound Superlative (latus L.-carry)-raised above or surpassing all others Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious indescribably fabulous; from a nonsense word coined by P. L. Travers in Mary Poppins

SUB [SOOB] under, below, beneath Subscription (scribere L.-to write)-sign ones name on a document in approval or agreement with the contents Subordinate (ordere L.-to order)-to place below in rank or order Suburb (urbs L.-city)-smaller district outside a larger city or town Submarine (mare L.-sea)-ship which goes underwater in the ocean Sub rosa (rosa L.-rose)-under the rose-confidential, secret

Substitute (statuere L.-set up, erect)-a person or thing acting or serving in place of another Subterranean (terra L.-land)-underground Subduction (ducere L.-to lead, draw)-collision of two of the earths crustal plates causing one plate to go under the other RUMPO/RUPTUM [ROOM po, ROOP toom] break, burst, split

Abrupt (ab L.-from)-broken off without preparation or warning Bankrupt (banca Italian bench)-reduced to financial ruin Corrupt (con L.-with)-change from good to bad morals, manners, or actions Disrupt (dis L.-apart)-break apart; throw into disorder Interrupt (inter L.-between)-break into a conversation or action Erupt (e, ex L.-out of )-break out; burst forth Rupture-break, burst; breach of peace, war; tearing of body

tissue PAX/PACIS [PAHKS, PAH kiss] peace Peace-freedom from war or civil disorder, lack of disturbance Appease- (ad L.-to)-to bring to peace by negotiation with an aggressor and giving something in return for it Pacifist-one who declines to fight and seeks peace by other

means Pacific-characterized by peace or calm Pay-to make peace by giving someone what is owed to him Payment- what must be given in exchange for goods or services Taxpayer-citizen who must pay taxes in order to avoid penalties SPECTO/

SPECTATUM [SPEK to, spek TAH toom] to look at, see

Inspect-to look carefully at or over; to view or examine formally Spectator-person who looks on or watches; observer Spectacle-public display on a large scale; an impressive sight spectacles- eyeglasses Perspective (per L.-through) picturing depth and spatial relationships on a flat surface; a mental view Perspicacity-keep mental perception and understanding Speculate-to wonder; to buy and sell stocks at the risk of a loss expecting to make a profit

Spectrum-an array of item which form a series or sequence, such as light waves forming the colors of a rainbow. VOX/VOCIS [WOHKS, WO kiss] voice

Voice-sound made by humans through the mouth Vowel-a voiced sound made by air passing through the throat Vocal-uttered, produced or performed by the voice Vocation-a calling; a career to which one feels summoned Advocate (ad L.-to, toward)-one who speaks toward or pleads the cause of another; a lawyer (slang: a mouthpiece)

Evoke (e, ex L.-out)-to call out, summon, bring out; call to mind Unequivocal (un L.-not) (aequus L.-equal)-not ambiguous; certain Vocabulary-the range of words used by a particular person or group LOQUOR/ LOCUTUS

[LOH kwor, loh KOO toos] speak Loquacious-talkative; full of excessive talk, wordy Eloquent (e, ex L.-out of )-marked by forceful and fluent expression Colloquial ( cum L.-with)-conversational; informal speech

Circumlocution (circum L.-around)-talking around a subject, evasion in speech Soliloquy (solus L.-alone)-the act of talking to oneself; a dramatic monologue that voices inner thoughts Ventriloquism (ventr, venter L.-belly)-speaking so that the voice seems to come from somewhere else Ventriloquist-one who entertains by using ventriloquism to hold a conversation with a hand-manipulated dummy

FELIX/ FELICIS [FAY leeks, fay LEE kiss] happy

Felicity-the quality or state of being happy Felicia-girls name Felix-boys name Felicitations-happy greetings Felicitous-happily apt or appropriate; pleasantly suitable Felicify (facio L.-make)-to render or make happy

FIDES [FIH days] faith, trust Fidelity-strict observance of promises; loyalty; accuracy of sound or image recording Fido-favorite name for dogs, who are known as faithful Bona fide (bonus L.-good)-in good faith; genuine Confide-to trust to the charge or knowledge of another Confidence-belief that someone is trustworthy or reliable

Affidavit-written declaration or oath before an authorized individual Fiduciary-one entrusted with property or power on behalf of another Fianc (M) or Fiance (F) (French)-someone who has pledged faith to another; engaged to be married SOLUS [SOH loos] alone, only

Solo-an act performed by one person; to pilot an airplane by oneself Soloist-a person who performs a solo Solitary-without companions Sole-being the only one Solitude-state of living alone; seclusion Soliloquy (loquor L.-to speak)-speech in a drama in which a character, alone, discloses his or her innermost thoughts

Solitaire-any of various card games for one person MONOS [MOH noss] alone, solitary

Monarch (arch rule)-a solitary or absolute ruler; a king or queen Monk-a member of a community of men who live apart from society and are devoted to religious duties and contemplation Monastary-a place where monks live Monogram (graphein G.-write, draw)-the initials of a person printed on

stationery or embroidered on clothing or towels Monologue (legein G.-to speak)-speech performed by one lone actor; a soliloquy Monopoly (polein G.-to sell)-exclusive possession or control of a product or natural resource by one person or company Monotone (tonos G.-tone)-of unvaried vocal or musical tone; tedious sameness; of uniform color RIDEO/RISUM

[REE day o, REE soom] laugh, make fun of Ridiculous-laughable Ridicule-speech or action intended to make fun of someone Risible-causing or capable of causing laughter Deride-to laugh at in scorn or contempt; to mock Derision-mockery, pointing at one for others to laugh at

LABORO/ LABORATUM [lab BO ro, lah bo RAH toom] work Labor-work, toil, exertion of the faculties of body or mind Laboratory-place equipped to conduct scientific experiments or tests or to make chemicals, medicines, etc. Elaborate (e, ex L.-out of)- worked out in great detail Collaborate (cum L.-with)-to work together on a project

Laborious-full of labor, toilsome, expending much effort Labor of love-task performed for love of the work or of a person Labor union- association of workers in the same line of work ERGON [AIR gohn] work

Energy (en G.-in)-the capacity for being active or doing work; usable power Erg-a specific measured unit of work or energy Ergometer (metron G.-measure)-device for measuring the work performed or energy expended during exercise Ergonomics-applied science concerned with designing and arranging things according to the needs of a worker or user Allergy (allos G.-other)-exaggerated reaction to substances, situations, or goods that dont affect the average person

Surgeon (chirurgeon G.-working by hand)-physician who performs manual operations on the body DURUS [DOO roos] hard to the touch, strong, difficult

Endure (en G.- within)-undergo difficulty or hardship Endurance-ability to last through hard times Durable-lasting; resistant to wear or decay

Duration-length of time something continues or exists Duress-compulsion by threat or force; hardness; harshness During-throughout the existence or continuation of Durum-kind of wheat with hard grain used in making pasta Obdurate (ob L.-against)-unmoved by persuasion or pity; unyielding BELLUM

[BEL loom] war, combat, fight Belligerent-warlike; hostile in intention Bellicose-full of fight; combative Bellipotent- powerful in war

Bellona- the Goddess of War, the sister of Mars in Roman myths Antebellum (ante L.-before)-before the war; when capitalized, before the American Civil War Casus belli (Latin phrase)-the cause or reason for going to war BARBAROS

[BAR bah ross] foreign Barbarian-person regarded as uncivilized, savage, or primitive Barbarous-uncivilized, savage, cruel, harsh Barbaric-lacking civilizing influences; primitive Barbarism-uncivilized state or condition Barbarity-brutal conduct; act of cruelty; crudeness of style Barbara-popular name for girls

Rhubarb (Rheum rha barbarum)-Asian plant with medicinal uses ORTHOS [OR toss, OR thoss] straight; correct Orthodox (doceo G.-think)-straight thinking or accepted opinion Orthography (graphein-G. to write)-writing proper letters

and correct spelling Orthodontist (odontos G.-tooth)-one who straightens crooked teeth Orthopedist (paidion G.-child)-one who corrects skeletal problems and related muscular problems in children (or adults) Orthotics-device for correcting or supporting foot abnormalities

DOKEIN [DOH kayn] think, have an opinion, suppose Doxology (logos G.-word, study)-a hymn containing words praising God Orthodoxy (orthos G.-straight, correct)-customary or conventional ideas; approved teaching Heterodoxy (heteros G.-other)-not in accordance with accepted opinions

Paradox (para G.-beside)-seemingly contradictory or absurd statement that contains a possible truth Dogma-authoritative system of principles or tenets; as of a church

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