CH. 13 THE PRESIDENCY Ch. 13-1 the president's job description
Chapter 13 - The Presidenc y Section 1- The Presidents Job Description AMERICAN GOVERNMENT THE PRESIDENTS Top Eight ROLES The President must simultaneously assume many different roles while in office some examples include: 1.)
Chief of State- Ceremonial head of governmentthe symbol of all people in the nation In some nations, the chief of state reigns but does not rule (ex. Queens in England & Denmark) THE PRESIDENTS ROLES 2.)
Chief Executive- Constitution give President executive power Immensely broad in both domestic and foreign affairs The most powerful office in the world The President IS NOT all-powerful Checks and balances regulate power THE PRESIDENTS ROLES 3.)
Director of the Executive Branch Administration employs more than 2.7 million civilians and spends $3 trillion per year 4.) Chief Administrator- Chief Diplomat- Main architect of American foreign policy THE PRESIDENTS ROLES
5.) Commander in Chief 1.4 million men and women in armed forces and nations entire military arsenal are subject to direct and immediate control 6.) Chief Legislator Main architect of public policy President sets the overall shape of Congressional agenda THE PRESIDENTS ROLES President
initiates, suggests, requests, insists, and demands that Congress enact much of the major legislation proposed The first six roles come directly from the Constitution but they do not complete the list 7.) Chief of Party- Acknowledged leader of the political party that controls the executive branch THE PRESIDENTS ROLES 8.)
Chief Citizen- President is expected to be the representative of all the people Work for and represent the public interest FDR said the office was preeminently a place of moral leadership President must play these roles simultaneously in order to be an effective leader
The Struggles of Playing Duel Roles Two Illustrations Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon Each was a strong and relatively effective President during their early years LBJs actions as commander in chief during the Vietnam War seriously damaged he credibility that he chose not to run for re-election in 1968
The Struggles of Playing Duel Roles The Watergate Scandal proved to be Nixons downfall. The way he filled the roles of party leader and chief citizen so destroyed Mr. Nixons presidency that he was forced to resign the office in disgrace in 1974 or face certain impeachment and removal FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS
1.) A natural born Citizenof the United States A person born abroad to American citizen parents is legally an American citizen at birth 2.) Must be at least 35 years old JFK was the youngest person ever elected at 43
Theodore Roosevelt reached the office through succession at 42 FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS Six other people took the oath of office before age 50: James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, Ulysses Grant, James Garfield, Grover Cleveland, Barack Obama Donald Trump is the oldest person to be elected President at 70 years and 220 days old
Ronald Reagan took office at 69 and when he completed his 2nd term he was the oldest to have been President at 77 years old FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS 3.)Have been fourteen years a resident within the United States This has been defined to mean 14 years or more not necessarily
consecutive (Ex. Hoover(1928) and Eisenhower (1952) both spent time outside the USA) More than 100 million people today meet the qualifications to be President THE PRESIDENTS TERM Framers considered different lengths: 4 years with possible re-election; 6 or 7 years in 1 term only Hamilton stated in the Federalist Papers #71 that four years was long enough to gain experience, demonstrate abilities, and establish stable choices
Until 1951 there was no limit to the number of terms THE PRESIDENTS TERM Several Presidents refused more than 2 terms FDR broke tradition by winning a third (1940) and a fourth (1944) term 22nd Amendment (1951) set a limit of 2 terms A term is defined as 1 day past 2 years
Example: if a person assumed the office 1 day past the 2-year mark in the previous persons term, the new person could complete that term and serve 2 more terms of their own (10-year max) THE PRESIDENTS TERM Many people, including Truman, Eisenhower, and Reagan have called for repeal of the 22nd Amendment because they say it takes away the peoples ability to choose who is President Several Presidents have called for a
single 6-year term. This would free up the President from having to worry about getting re-elected PAY AND BENEFITS Presidents salary determined by Congress It can neither be increased nor decreased during his term (Article II, Section 1, Clause 7) Salary in 1789-$25,000; Current Salary (2017)-$400,000 $50,000 expense allowance was added to salary and subject to income tax
Constitution prohibits any other emolument (pay) PAY AND BENEFITS Non-pay benefits the president has access to:
The use of the White House which is a 132room mansion A sizable suite of offices and a large staff A fleet of automobiles Air Force 1, and other planes and helicopters Access to Camp David a resort hideaway in the Catoctin Mountains, MD The finest medical, dental and other health care available Generous travel and entertainment funds and much more
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