Ch 7 Test Review - Humble Independent School District
Ch 7 Test Review The Revolutionary War Abigail Adams She was the wife of John Adams. They wrote letters while apart to one another during these absences that have become a source of information about the American Revolution and early American history. In her most famous letter to her husband, she asked him to Remember the Ladies. She pressed him to give women equal status with men when forming the new government. Abigail Adams is also known to have advocated for public education for girls. John Adams He served as a delegate to both Continental Congresses and was on the committee to write the Declaration of Independence. A beloved and respected patriot from Massachusetts. He was elected town messenger for the regional Committee of Safety, one of the many groups established in Colonial America to monitor events pertaining to public welfare. He Wentworth Cheswell delivered messages for the Committee as a rider in the New England colonies. As soldier, he served in the Battles of Saratoga Mercy Otis Warren
An American patriot. She was a writer who authored plays, poems and essays supporting the idea of independence. Her writings convinced many in Massachusetts to become Patriots. Sister to James Otis and wife of patriot James Warren, co-founder of the Boston committee of correspondence, Mercy was a very outspoken woman for her time. She was also a close friend of Abigail Adams. Her writings have helped historians in the study of the American Revolution and she is often considered the first historian of the American Revolution James Armistead Benjamin Franklin Bernardo de Glvez King George III One of General George Washingtons most effective weapons against the British, James Armistead. Armistead was enlisted as a patriotic spy who worked as a double-agent on behalf of the United States. Pretending to be a runaway slave, Armistead was able to infiltrate the British defenses and acquire countless important British war secrets which helped turn the tide of the Revolution in favor of the Americans. Marquis de Lafayette helped him by writing a letter of recommendation for his freedom, which was granted in 1787.
He was a delegate to the both Continental Congresses and a member of the committee to write the Declaration of Independence. Diplomatic representative to France who helped to secure an alliance with the French during the war A descendant of ancient Spanish nobility, Glvez was the acting Governor of the Louisiana Territory. Due Spains support of the American colonists during the Revolution, Glvez naturally sided with the Americans throughout the war. He was instrumental in buying Spanish weapons, gunpowder, clothing and many other vital supplies that were essential to the colonial army. He was influential in keeping the port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River out of the control of the British, thus preventing British attacks from the west and the south during the revolution King of England from 1760-1810. During his reign, there were many conflicts involving his kingdom. After the French and Indian War, the British Parliament with the Kings approval angered the American colonists by taxing them to pay for military protection. In 1776 the American colonists declared their independence and listed their grievances against the king. George Washington He was a Virginia planter and a delegate to the House of Burgesses. Washington fought during the French and Indian War and was a delegate to the Continental Congress. He was chosen Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution . Washington lead the
Continental Army in is retreat from New York, then commanded the American victories at Trenton, lead the army through the winter at Valley Forge and coordinated the victory at Yorktown that lead to the surrender of Cornwallis. Haym Salomon A Polish-born Jewish immigrant who played an important role in financing the American Revolution.. He was a member of the American Espionage(spy) ring and helped convince many Hessians to desert the British military. He was arrested as a spy by the British but escaped before he could be hung. Salomon became a financial broker in Philadelphia. He went on to help finance the Continental Congress, using his own personal money to finance the patriot cause. Known as the American Financier. As a Virginia planter, he was also a delegate to the House of Burgesses and the First and Second Continental Congress. He was selected to draft the Thomas Jefferson to Declaration of Independence and is thus considered the author of the Declaration of Independence. Marquis de Lafayette
Thomas Paine A French officer who came to help the Americans fight the Revolution against Great Britain. He was given the rank of major general, since he represented the highest rank of French nobility. He developed a friendship with George Washington which lasted as long as Washington lived. His influence helped to secure support from France for the patriots cause. Lafayette was also able to obtain troops and supplies from France. He was the first foreigner to be granted honorary United States citizenship. He authored the pamphlet Common Sense which encouraged the colonies to break with England and become independent. He was a soldier in the Continental Army and wrote the pamphlet The Crisis to encourage Continental soldiers to continue to fight. In the pamphlet, he penned his famous line, "These are the times that try men's souls. In 1776 with his ship the Bonhomme Richard, he defeated the British warship Serapis, which raised American spirits. Jones success against the best navy in the world angered the British and inspired the Americans. John Paul Jones Jones famous words during this battle were I have not yet begun to fight! which became a slogan for the U.S. Navy. Some consider him the Father of the U.S. Navy. Document Glossary
Treaty of Paris (1783) The treaty, signed on September 3, 1783, between the American colonies and Great Britain, ended the American Revolution and formally recognized the United States as an independent nation. Two crucial provisions of the treaty were British recognition of U.S. independence and the creation of boundaries (Canada to the north and the Mississippi River to the west and Spanish Florida to the south) that would allow for American western expansion. Articles of Confederation 1781 the nations first constitution; lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage lack of power to create a national army Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1639 the first constitution in the American colonies; extended voting rights to non-church members and limited the powers of the governor, expanded ideas of representative government
Magna Carta 1215 granted rights to noblemen and freemen. Limited power of the king House of Burgesses 1619 The First Representative Body in the colonies; Virginia Mayflower Compact 1620 first system of selfgovernment in America. English Bill of Rights 1689 supported a limited monarchy, govt based of laws made by parliament provided a system of shared power; rights given to ALL Englishmen Founding Documents Revolution Events ec. of Ind.
exington aratoga rticles of Confed. Valley Forge onstitution orktown Jamestown -1st perm. English settlement Mayflower Compact 1st system of selfgovt Declaration of Independence Freedom from Englsih Rule Middle Colonies subsistence farming, good soil, warm climate
NH MA NY CT RI PA NJ MD DE VA NC SC GA New England Long winters, rocky soil, timber, fishing, shipbuilding, whaling Southern Colonies
Hot climate, fertile soil, cash crops, plantation system Appalachian Mtns Great Lakes si Mis US in 1783 . pi R ssip Super STAAR 130 Greatest American History Facts: Colonization thru Reconstruction 26. Unalienable rights are rights that cannot be given up, taken away, or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness , are some of those rights.
Grrrrr My Rights are God-given, natural rights and you cant take them from me!! Woof! Arf! I am the King of this kennel, and I will take them If I want! Bark!! Super STAAR 130 Greatest American History Facts: Colonization thru Reconstruction 27. The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the American Revolution (French entered the war). This victory should convince the French we can win this war!
OK, vee vill help you beat dee English now! Super STAAR 130 Greatest American History Facts: Colonization thru Reconstruction 28. Valley Forge was where George Washingtons troops camped during the winter of 1777. More than 1/5 of his soldiers died of disease and malnutrition. Super STAAR 130 Greatest American History Facts: Colonization thru 29. The British defeatReconstruction in 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia by George Washingtons troops signaled the end of the American Revolution.
http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm Super STAAR 130 Greatest American History Facts: Colonization thru Reconstruction 30. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Yo! Them Red Coats best recognize! Hold up! Whered they go?!? We got your recognition right here. Come on, mates. Lets go home and get some fish and chips.
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