Chapter 11 The Americas 3000 B.C.E. - 1500 C.E.

Chapter 11 The Americas 3000 B.C.E. - 1500 C.E.

John P. McKay Bennett D. Hill John Buckler Patricia Buckley Ebrey Roger B. Beck Clare Haru Crowston Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks A History of World Societies

Ninth Edition CHAPTER 11 The Americas, 2500 B.C.E.1500 C.E.

Copyright 2011 by Bedford/St. Martins I. The First Peoples of the Americas A. Describing the Americas and Their Peoples 1. Amerigo Vespucci

2. The word Indian I. The First Peoples of the Americas B. Settling the Americas 1. The Bering Strait

2. Gathering and hunting societies I. The First Peoples of the Americas C. The Development of Agriculture 1. Maize

2. Early agricultural techniques 3. Livestock domestication II. Early Societies A. Mounds, Towns, and Trade in North and South America

1. Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys 2. Norte Chico B. Olmec Agriculture, Technology, and Religion 1. Agriculture and trade 2. Egalitarian societies

3. Religious structures III. Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America, 300900 C.E. A. Maya Agriculture and Trade

1. Staple crops 2. Raised fields 3. Transportation for trade III. Classical Era Mesoamerica

and North America, 300900 C.E. B. Maya Science and Religion 1. Popul Vuh 2. Religious rituals 3. Mathematics

4. Astronomy and calendric development III. Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America, 300900 C.E. C. Growth and Assimilation of the Teotihuacn and Toltec

Cultures 1. Zapotecan-speaking peoples 2. Urban centers 3. Toltec confederation

III. Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America, 300900 C.E. D. Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian Societies 1. Hohokam earthworks 2. Hopewell earthworks

3. Cahokia IV. The Aztecs A. Religion and War in Aztec Society 1. Quetzalcoatl

2. Huitzilopochtli 3. Sacrifice IV. The Aztecs B. Social Distinctions Among Aztecs

1. Warrior aristocracy 2. Ordinary citizens 3. Landless workers 4. Slaves

IV. The Aztecs C. The City of Tenochtitln 1. Population 2. City layout 3. Markets

4. The temple V. The Incas A. Earlier Peruvian Cultures 1. Moche civilization

2. Warfare B. Inca Imperialism and Its Religious Basis 1. Royal mummies 2. Culture of warfare 3. Imperial unification

4. Domestic infrastructure V. The Incas C. The Clan-Based Structure of Inca Society 1. Land grants

2. Tribute 3. Domestic laws 4. Exploited labor

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