Characteristics of Major Varieties - University of Kentucky

Characteristics of Major Varieties - University of Kentucky

Characteristics of Major Varieties HB04PLC hybrid Developed in Brazil By Profigen do Brazil Advantages High yield (3400) Drought tolerant High leaf quality High resistance to Black root rot Resistance to tobacco mosaic virus Disadvantages No resistance to Black Shank

HB04PLC Hybrid 403LC Advantages High yields (3500) No longer a lone at the top High cured weight to green weight ratio Easy to handle Disadvantages Little disease resistance Susceptible to blue mold Other

Darker Green in field Hybrid 403LC TN 90LC Advantages Good yield (3200) Good disease package Black shank Black root rot Viruses Blue Mold Tolerance Easy to handle Small Stalk Upright Better quality than TN 86

Disadvantages No yield stability Not all growers get 3200 lb/a yield Other Most popular TN 90LC TN 86LC Advantages Good for it time High yield (3300)

Disease package Black shank Black root rot Viruses Disadvantages Slow Germination Early season growth Curing Poor quality K tobacco Variegated Other Upright

Late Maturing TN 97LC Advantages High yield (3400) Good disease package Black shank Black root rot Viruses Disadvantages Poor Drought Tolerant Black Shank resistance lower than expected Other

Upright TN 97LC KY14 x L8LC Advantages High resistance to Race 0 Black Shank High yield (3100-3300) Good quality Early maturing Large leaves Disadvantages No resistance to Race 1

Black Shank High management Sucker control Initiates suckers quicker Leaf breakage Susceptible to Viruses KY14 x L8LC Bu 21 x KY 10 Advantages (none) Disadvantages Yield (3000) Disease Resistance Green spots (Frogeye leaf spot) Susceptible to root rot There are better alternatives

KT 200LC Advantages Resistance Black Shank Black Root Rot Virus Complex Blue mold tolerance Yield (3400) Disadvantages Late maturing Large stalk Dark Green Color

Calcium Deficiency Symptoms Curing problems KT 200LC KT 204LC Advantages Resistance Good Black Shank Resistance Black Root Rot Virus Complex Yield (3400) Disadvantages Blue mold susceptible

Not Drought Tolerant Grows Slow Early KY 14LC Advantages Small Stalk Disadvantages Yield (3000) Good for its time Poor quality Lack of Disease resistance KY 17LC Advantages Resistance Black shank

Root rot Blue Mold tolerant Good for its time Disadvantages Low yield (2700) Shallow rooted Bright cured leaf KY 907LC Advantages

High yield (3400) Resistance Black root rot Virus Disadvantages High degree of lodging Cured leaf quality Low Black Shank Resistance KY 907LC NC BH129 Advantages Good yield stability Quality Leaf characteristics

(leaf texture etc.) Moderate Yield (3200) Root rot resistance Disadvantages Quality Color (Bright cured leaf) Tall variety Wide leaf spacing NC BH129 NC 3

Advantages High yield (3300) Yield stability Resistance Virus Complex Nematode Black Root Rot Good quality Disadvantages High Blue mold incidence NC 3 NC 4 Advantages

Resistance Fusarium Wilt Black Root Rot Virus Complex Disadvantages Low yield (2800-3000) Late Maturing NC 5 Advantages Good disease package High to race 0 black shank Black Root Rot Virus Complex

Medium resistance to race 1 black shank Disadvantages Yield (3200, not as good as comparable) NC 6 Advantages High Yield (3400) Good disease package High resistance to Race 0 Black Shank Low-Medium resistance to Race 1 Black Shank Black Root Rot Virus Complex Disadvantages

Big Tobacco Other Dark green color in field NC 7 Advantages High Yield (3500) Good disease package High resistance to Race 0 Black Shank Low-Medium resistance to Race 1 Black Shank Fusarium Wilt Resistance Black Root Rot Virus Complex

Disadvantages Big Tobacco Other NC 2000 Advantages Blue mold resistant Disadvantages Low yield Poor disease package NC 2002 Advantages Blue mold resistant Better yield than NC 2000 Disadvantages Poor disease package

R 610LC Advantages Excellent quality Black shank resistant (both races) Disadvantages Moderate Yield (3000) Susceptible to viruses Root Rot problems No drought tolerance R 610LC R 630LC

Advantages Good disease package Black shank Black root rot Viruses Drought tolerant Disadvantages Moderate yield (3000) Other Quality not as good as R 610 R 630LC R7-11 Advantages (none) Disadvantages May not be available Moderate yield (3200)

Poor Resistance Package Root rot Black shank Quality Pink Tobacco R7-12LC Advantages High yield(3400) Root rot resistant Disadvantages No Black Shank Resistance Late Maturing Big N 7371LC

Advantages Good yield (3300) Good Black Shank Resistance to both races Dark cured leaf Disadvantages New Other Narrow leaves N 126 Advantages Moderate yield (3200) Dark cured leaf Disadvantages Little resistance to anything

Other Narrow tip leaves NBH 98 Advantages None Disadvantages Low Disease Resistance Black Shank Root Rot Resistance Virus Complex Low yield (3000) VA 509 Advantages Good black shank resistance Disadvantages

Yield (2900) Low root rot resistance Large Stalk Burley Tobacco Vigor Early Season Harrison Co. Ricci Rowland Farm 70 60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 HB04P

K14 X L8 KT204 KTH2404 KTH2405 KTH2406 NC 6 TN 90 Black Shank Incidence in a Burley Tobacco Trial Harrison Co. Ricci Rowland Farm 14 12 11.7 10 %

8 6 4.7 4 2 0 0 HB04P K14 X L8 0.78 KT204

0 0 0.78 KTH2404 KTH2405 KTH2406 0 NC 6 TN 90 Black Shank, Target Spot Incidence & Burley Tobacco Vigor Late Season Harrison Co. Ricci Rowland Farm 90 80 70

60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 % Black Shank

% Vigor Target Spot (Rating (1-10) Burley Tobacco Vigor Woodford Co. Rusty Thompson Farm 6 Rating(1-10) 5 4 3 2 1 0 HB04P KT 204 KTH

2404 KTH 2405 KTH N 7371 NC 5 2406 Vigor1 Vigor2 NC 6 NC 7 R 307 TN 90 LCB

Burley Tobacco Stalk Diameter at Harvest Woodford Co. Rusty Thompson Farm 1.55 1.5 Inches 1.45 1.4 1.35 1.3 1.25 1.2 LSD 0.05 = 0.12 Burley Tobacco Yield Fayette Co. Robert Eads Farm 3500

3077 3000 Yield lb/ a 2500 758 3316 722 3008 2901 2920

3139 3255 3240 791 783 706 623 597 617 1905

1720 1627 1653 1722 1786 1768 689 665 678

649 627 686 767 2867 3209 672 682 2000 1500 1816

1554 1796 1000 500 0 502 Flyings Lugs Leaf Total

630 740 Burley Tobacco Yield Woodford Co. Rusty Thompson Farm 3000 Yield lb/ a 2500 2714 2732 2715 2543 2891 2618 2629 2886 2965 2850 2396 387 637 814 698

2000 1500 1000 731 631 608 737 667 542 676 642 608

794 843 802 559 638 615 788 750 1055 1114 1071 1008 907

977 1079 981 954 380 445 357 400 314 399 395 Leaf

Tips Total 500 0 Flyings 388 Lugs 145 589 533

964 337 163 401 200 809 304 109 Burley Tobacco Yield Taylor Co. Chad Sullivan Farm 3000 2204

682 Yield lb/ a 2500 2000 1500 505 0 718 2732 2690 2624

554 599 591 764 694 690 703 424 1020 978

940 394 419 FLYI NGS 2449 2754 2458 546 607 1130

376 2265 555 620 1000 500 2954 538 634 714

649 611 730 848 404 373 357 LUGS LEAF TIPS

968 526 TOTAL 868 402 649 137 210 280 194

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