Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s Aztec & Inca Empires Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures.
Were originally clan based. Aztec & Inca Empires Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy
centred on intensive agriculture. Were based on the conquest of other groups and the extraction of some form of tribute.
Politics of the Aztec and Inca Conquered local rulers were allowed some freedom to rule their territories in their own way if loyalty and tribute continued. Sons of conquered groups were brought to the capital for education.
RULERS AZTEC Ruled by warriorkings seen as divine Absolute power of
ruler-like other emperors in history RULERS INCA Ruled by theocracy sun-god king whose reign
continued Mummification Absolute power of ruler-like other emperors in history
RULERS, Military, Bureaucracy AZTEC & INCA Wars to gain tribute and captives were led by rulers. The army (warriors) was the powerbase and nobility. The leading nobles
were the bureaucracy. WARRIORS AZTEC Primitive? Purpose of battle was to obtain captives.
WARRIORS INCA Primitive? Purpose was to kill or take captives. AZTEC Empire BASED on EXPANSION
Inca Empire - Expansion Running & Controlling the Empire AZTEC & INCA Armies held the empire together. Forced
regions to pay tribute. Government Control AZTEC Did not directly administer or control territories.
INCA Divided conquered territory, each with a governor. The government controlled building and irrigation projects, enlisted
conquered people in the military. Politics and Economics AZTEC Forced regions to pay tribute in stuff.
INCA Forced regions to pay tribute in labour (mita) on state lands and stuff. Land was divided into
lands for people, state, and sun. Economics of the Aztecs & Inca Agriculture No based
banking, money or credit system Economics AZTEC Tribute economy from outlying regions.
Free market trade was important central markets were regulated. INCA
Tribute economy. The government redistributed most goods.
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