CPI PowerPoint Theme and Template - Climate Policy Initiative
Driving Geothermal Deployment in Developing Countries September 2015 More public finance needed to reach deployment target Deploying 23GW by 2030 will require estimated total investment of USD 133 bn This requires
public finance to increase from the current USD 7.4 bn to USD 5673 bn Most promising country markets require a strong role for governments and DFIs Early Stage Development
Operation 0 10 20 30 Public Finance 40
50 Private Finance 60 70 80 Public loans and equity are most in-demand but grants and guarantees play an important role
Public Finance Supply Public Finance Demand Early stage 838m 12.5bn 5.9bn 54bn
727m 6.3bn Development Operations 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Public Grants Public Equity
Public Loans Public Guarantees 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% More public finance should target early-stage risks Achieving maximum impact is country specific Countries where geothermal will: Reduce most emissions
Play large role in the electricity mix Increase energy access Have minimum impact on electricity tariffs Attracting private investment and managing costs Case studies attracted significant private investment
Gmsky, Turkey: The first time the private sector financed exploration of an unproven geothermal field in the country Olkaria III, Kenya: The first privately-funded and developed geothermal project in Africa Sarulla, Indonesia: The largest single contract geothermal power plant in the world Tariff increases needed to incentivize private
investment can be offset by public measures + 60% 1: Provide stable and sufficient revenues Supportive regulatory frameworks are a basic condition for growth. FiT design can help attract private investment provided: It is aligned with the projects lifetime or loan conditions available in the local debt market.
It shifts revenue risks considered most critical by the private sector to the public sector. 2: Provide exploration phase support that is appropriate to the country context Public exploration and tendering of proven fields can be critical for attracting private investment. Private exploration should be incentivized if: The private sector can manage risks at the lowest cost Survey data can be provided
to support the exploration phase Tariffs can be increased to reflect the developers exploration costs Cost of exploration 10 3: Provide longer-term, lower-cost debt to bring down the cost of capital Favorable loan conditions can be
critical to ensure projects financial viability Access to debt is critical to free equity resources for further development 4: Use risk mitigation tools and capacity building to unlock debt and de-risk investment Government guarantees for contractual off-take
obligations seem to be crucial in contexts with significant off-taker risk. DFIs political risk mitigation tools can further lower the cost of capital, and unlock additional capital. DFIs can increase the technical capacity of private lenders and enable additional finance. Lessons for policymakers and DFIs Lessons for policy makers Set ambitious deployment targets to send a
strong signal to private developers Feed-in tariffs need to reduce private sector risks while minimizing costs to the public sector Facilitate centralized data-sharing on geothermal resources between public agencies and private developers Lessons for development finance institutions Increase concessional finance Continue to rebalance support towards earlier
riskier stages of project development Facilitate access to risk guarantees where guarantees from host-country governments are not available. Prioritize countries where geothermal has the greatest potential to increase low cost energy supply and achieve emissions reductions. Thank you! Further questions? Get in touch: [email protected][email protected]
Workers Henrique Araujo (UCL, London) Riccardo Giannitrapani (Udine) Elena Guardincerri (Genova, student) Susanna Guatelli (Genova, student) Alex Howard (IC, London) Francesco Longo (Ferrara) Ramon Nartallo (ESA) Andreas Pfeiffer (CERN) MG Pia (Genova) Giovanni Santin (Trieste) Everybody is welcome to join...
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