CZMA Overview - NOAA Office for Coastal Management

CZMA Overview - NOAA Office for Coastal Management

Coastal Zone Management Act Overview Overvie w Office for Coastal Relevance to new coastal program Do I really need to know about the CZMA and its staffand programs? regulations While it may not

Whats the big deal if Ialways dont? be obvious, the federal CZMA is an integral part of all state CZM (coastal zone management) programs. As a new staff person to the coastal management program, you may be wondering if it really is necessary to know about the CZMA and its regulations and programs. Office for Coastal Coastal Zone

NERRS Federal Partnership Office for Coastal Coastal Management Programs Coastal

States and Territories You are here Connection How your work relates to the CZMA Preserve Develop

Coastal Zone Restore Federal Office for Coastal Protect Enhance Coastal

Management Program Coastal States Partnership and Territories You are here Connection How your work furthers coastal

management goals Coastal Zone NERRS Federal Partnership Office for Coastal

Coastal Management Programs Coastal States / Territories You are here Connection Your CZMA partners

Imagine And you are responsible for leading the development of this plan. Office for Coastal Scenario Your coastal management program is considering a living shorelines policy. The CZMA program links you to peers working on similar projects.

research reserve-based research and related training and outreach. guidance about processes and requirements. contacts with NOAAs Office for Coastal Management for technical assistance, information, funding resources, and review and approval requirements. Office for Coastal Scenario Real world scenario

Real world scenario continued Scenario So imagine the consequences of not knowing about the CZMA... Office for Coastal Table of contents Part 1 Overview How it works Key Points

Quiz Part 2 Eight Good-to-Know CZMA Sections Office for Coastal State of the Coast 45+ years ago Office for Coastal Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) Office for Coastal National Coastal Zone Management Program

34 State Programs Office for Coastal National Estuarine Research Reserve System 29 Sites Office for Coastal Coastal Zone 34

29 Coastal Management Programs NERRS 35 Federal Partnership Office for Coastal

Coastal States and Territories You are here Connection The CZMA network increases effectiveness Technical Resources

Partnership National Network Science Based Catalyst for Problem Solving Support

Financial Resources CZMA Approaches and Support Voluntary Leverages Resources Coordination Collaboration Office for Coastal

Flexible Structure Community Support Proactive Emphasis: Comprehensive Balanced Proactive Coordinated

Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 1 Protecting natural resources Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 2 Managing development in high hazard areas Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 3

Giving development priority to coastal-dependent uses Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 4 Providing public access for recreation Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 5 Improving coastal water quality Office for Coastal

Coastal Management Program Goals 6 Coordinating state and federal actions Office for Coastal Coastal Management Program Goals 7 Involving the public Office for Coastal Basic Requirements Establish boundaries Define uses Identify authorities

Designating areas of concern Include public participation Consider national interest Establish organizational structure Coordinate with all levels of governments Office for Coastal Benefits of Participation in the National Coastal Zone Management Program National framework Funding Federal consistency Program enhancement Product and technical

support Office for Coastal Partnership Office for Coastal State Roles Develop programs Implement programs Negotiate cooperative agreements Enhance programs Report semi-annually

Participate in program review Coordinate with partners Office for Coastal Federal Roles - NOAA Provides program development assistance Approves programs and program changes Provides program implementation funding Supports state - federal coordination Reviews assessments and strategies Provides technical and governance assistance Reviews program implementation Adopts guidance, rules, and regulations

Office for Coastal NOAA Office for Coastal Management Office for Coastal Preserve Develop Coastal Zone

Restore Federal Office for Coastal Partnership Protect Enhance Coastal Management

Programs Coastal States and Territories You are here Connection The CZMA helps you help the coastal zone protect and develop, and, where possible, to

restore and enhance the resources of the coastal zone. The CZMA created a voluntary partnership between NOAA and the states. The product of this partnership is a coastal management program. The CZMA encourages states to develop and implement comprehensive, coastal land and water use planning and management programs. Office for Coastal Key Points

The CZMA was enacted 1972 to preserve, KeyinPoints 1 territories, and commonwealths are implementing a federally approved coastal management program approved by the Secretary of Commerce. The CZMA establishes a system of estuarine reserves called the National Estuarine Research Reserve System to enhance public awareness

and understanding of estuarine areas, opportunities for public education, and for research to support the protection of these areas. There are 29 research reserves. Office for Coastal Key Points Currently 34 of theKey 35 eligible states, 2 U.S. Points

management programs to address. These include protecting natural resources managing development in high hazard areas giving development priority to coastaldependent uses providing public access for recreation improving coastal water quality coordinating state and federal actions involving the public Office for Coastal Key Points

The CZMA includesKey a number of goals3for coastal Points Coastal management programs are critical to achieving the national goals of the CZMA and form the foundation of a National Coastal Zone Management Program.

The CZMA authorizes funding to develop, implement, and enhance state-focused programs. The CZMA provides flexibility to the states to design programs that best address local challenges and work within state and local laws and regulations, while also implementing the legislations requirements, such as identifying coastal zone boundaries and enforceable policies for managing land and water uses. Office for Coastal

Key Points Key Points 4 Under the CZMA states can ensure that federal actions that affect state coastal uses or resources (regardless of the location of the activity) are consistent with their approved program. The CZMA requires an ongoing review of the state program to ensure it is being implemented as approved, is addressing priority goals of the CZMA, and that funding use is consistent with the rules.

The Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program ensures that participating states have the necessary tools to prevent and control polluted runoff. Office for Coastal Key Points Key Points 5 The CZMA establishes the Coastal Zone Enhancement Program, providing incentives to enhance the state program in nine areas:

wetlands, coastal hazards, public access, marine debris, cumulative and secondary impacts, special area management planning, ocean and Great Lakes resources, energy and government facility siting, and aquaculture. NOAAs Office for Coastal Management administers the CZMA and provides on-going assistance to the states in regards to program implementation. Office for Coastal

Key Points Key Points 6 Support Financial Resources Technical Resources Leverages

Resources Office for Coastal Flexible Structure Voluntary National Network Catalyst for Problem

Solving Support Coordination Collaboration Partnership Science Based Community Support

Proactive Dont forgetQuiz to take the quiz! Office for Coastal Sections The following provides an overview that will be useful to new or inexperienced staff. CZMA

of the good-to-know sections of the CZMA CZMA good-to-know sections This section can follow the previous presentation or be presented at another time. Office for Coastal 8 Good-to-Know Sections of the CZMA Office for Coastal Section 304

304: Definitions Defines important terms used in the CZMA Office for Coastal Section 304 Good to Know because a common understanding of the terms used is necessary for the successful development and implementation of a coastal

management program. Office for Coastal Requirements for implementation, making changes to programs, and funding Office for Coastal Section 306 306: Program Requirements and

Implementation to Know o why coastal management programs include certain elements o how to update programs o why programs receive annual federal CZMA funding Office for Coastal Section 306

Good to Know 306:explain Good because it helps Section 306A 306A Coastal Resource Improvement Program Funds for acquisition and construction projects

Office for Coastal Section 306A Good to Know because it explains what types of projects are eligible for 306A funding Office for Coastal Facilitates cooperation and coordination with federal agencies to manage coastal activities and resources

Office for Coastal Section 307 307: Federal Consistency Office for Coastal Section 307 Good to Know because it is a unique and powerful tool coastal management programs use to work

with federal agencies to manage coastal activities and resources Section 309 309: Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Provides funds to coastal states to make improvements in their coastal management programs Office for Coastal Section 309

Good to Know 309: Good to Know because coastal management programs use these resources to address critical coastal issues Office for Coastal Program review every 5-7 years

Office for Coastal Section 312 312: Review of Performance Office for Coastal Section 312 Good to Know 312:the Good to Know

because it explains 312 evaluation process. Section 315 315: National Estuarine Research Reserves System Office for Coastal Section 315 Good to Know

315:reserves Goodprovide to Know because opportunities to collaborate and leverage education, training, research, and stewardship resources Office for Coastal 6217: Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program

6217 Manages the effects of nonpoint pollution in the coastal zone Office for Coastal 6217 Good to know 6217: Good to Know because the coastal nonpoint program helps states address this issue

Office for Coastal See CZMA Overview online CZMA Overview online for 2 quick references: 8 Good-to-Know Sections of the CZMA and Section-By-Section Description of the CZMA Office for Coastal

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