Decolonization in Africa - Mrs. mcgrew's class

Decolonization in Africa - Mrs. mcgrew's class

JANUARY 20, 2017 Get out stuff for notes and highlighter Decolonization & Nationalism in Africa Rwanda Background Info

Complete on a separate sheet of paper Get out notes from yesterday Explain the reasons for Imperialism Explain the impact of Imperialism on the people of Africa Road towards

independence Post-WWII - a focus on selfdetermination in Europe Colonialism seemed to contradict what WWII fought for Colonial powers are weak and poor, cant afford colonies End of an Empire?

The wind of change is blowing through this continent, and whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact. We must all accept it, and our national policies must take account of it. - British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in 1960 to the South African Parliament

What is the significance of this statement to the British Empire? Independence Three major routes: Peaceful / Negotiated independence Typically achieved in non-settler colonies ex = Ghana

Violent Typically occurred in settler colonies ex = Kenya, Algeria Incomplete White settler minority population given political power in decolonization, ex = S. Africa

1994 Results of Decolonization External Challenges Western investments remain Impact?

Economic dependence on former colonial powers Cold War (USSR v. US) struggle to spread influence Internal Challenges Tribal allegiances

Illiteracy / under developed education system No tradition of ongoing political leadership in modern times Religious differences Diverse geography and climate Established social hierarchies

Results of Decolonization Nationalist parties & African elites gain power Use anti-colonial legacy to maintain power & cloud ineptitude & favoritism Economic dependence on West coupled with political corruption

cripples attempts to diversify economy Stuck in cash crop ag & extraction of resources Results of Decolonization Initial political parties reflected ethnic, regional, or religious groups few true national parties Power often gained by corrupt

African strongmen (dictators) who ignored the social needs of people Large loans to modernize economies squandered by those in power leave little progress, lots of debt

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Pronoun Agreement Quiz

    Pronoun Agreement Quiz

    A person needs to see (his or her, their) dentist twice a year. 4. The committee members put (its, their) signatures on the document. 5. If any one of the sisters needs a ride, (she, they) can call me. 6....
  • Improving the Classification of Terrorist Attacks A Study on ...

    Improving the Classification of Terrorist Attacks A Study on ...

    Improving the Classification of Terrorist Attacks A Study on Data Pre-processing for Mining the Global Terrorism Database From: José V. Pagán Electrical & Computer Engineering and Computer Science Department Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico San Juan, Puerto Rico By Amalaman,Paul...
  • Climate Change - RHS Ms. Boire's Class

    Climate Change - RHS Ms. Boire's Class

    1a. WEATHER. is the atmospheric conditions, including temperature, precipitation, wind, & humidity, in a particular location over a short period of time, such as a day or week.
  • Standards and market practice (including XBRL) - how far have ...

    Standards and market practice (including XBRL) - how far have ...

    Canada: Voluntary Securities Administrators Estonia, Switzerland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Mexico, Brazil and many other countries are developing XBRL or planning to implement Companies Incorporating XBRL (XBRL US)
  • Entrepreneurship -

    Entrepreneurship -

    Steps along the Geology CareerTrackLevel: 10 - 15 years. Become a true professional. Get Registered. Get Published. Attend International Conferences. AIPG. SME. AusIMM. Peer reviewed journals. Other publications. PDAC conference (Toronto, February) Vancouver Gold Show. Florida Gold Show. London Gold...
  • 4th Edition: Chapter 1

    4th Edition: Chapter 1

    RTSP allows this type of functionality Application layer protocol, Push Based Allows Users to control display: Rewind, fast forward, pause, resume, repositioning, etc… Example of Push RTSP vs. Example of Pull Windows Smooth Streaming RTSP - Real Time Streaming Protocol...
  • British depth study - WCS

    British depth study - WCS

    Social reformers such as Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree put pressure on the government to help the poor. Rowntree had been a liberal supporter all his life and was friends with a leading liberal MP. He also owned . The...
  • Diffusion & Osmosis - I Love Science

    Diffusion & Osmosis - I Love Science

    Selectively Permeable A membrane that allows only certain materials to cross it Materials pass through pores in the membrane Summary Diffusion is the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lesser concentration. Osmosis is...