Dodot - Biu

Dodot - Biu

"" - A.Frank DDT "" DoDoT/RM A.Frank 2 ()Distributed Education ( )Distributed Education ( ,)Distance Learning , , , , ( )Delivery Methods . ( ,)Evaluation (,)Assessment ( )Formative ( ,)Summative ,

. ( )Testing , , ( ),Exam Test . A.Frank 3 ?! A.Frank 4 ?! , ).DDT (Dependable Distributed Testing , , ( , ): ( ). ( ). ( , ') ()Proctor "( " In-person ). , , . 5

DDT- ,TMS ,LMS , (Testing )Integrity . " " ( )Lockdown , , . , , , , , '. "" A.Frank . 6 DDT "" DoDoT/RM )(Dependable observable Distributed online Testing Reference Model

. DDT , , ( ) ( )o360 , , - , , . " " , "" , " . 7 DDT "" DoDoT/RM A.Frank 8 DDT- Testing Mis-management(( .1.

)Impersonator( .2. )PC Misuse( .3. )Forbidden Stuff( .4. )Accomplice( .5. )Test Leakage( .6. .7. )Electronic Warfare( 9 ((Testing Mis- management ,TMS (Testing Management System)- LMS/LCMS ).(Learning (Content) Management System TMS- : , , , ,, , , , , , '. ,, . TMS- (.)Dependable System Questionmark Perception Secure , TMS: Respondus, PupilCity ProctorU, , Kryterion Webassessor

Secure PlanetSSI Software 10 ()1.( )Impersonator ? ( )Identity Check" (.)Testee Verification (" "). : (",)"what is known : , ,'. (")"what you know " " ,: , ,'. (",)"what you have : , ,'. (",)"where you are : ,IP .GPS

11 ()2.( )Impersonator " " ()who you are " ": .1. ( )Enrollment (:)Biometric Verification ( )Enrollment (:)Behaviometric Verification Fingerprint verification (Securexam), Face verification (Securexam, )Kryterion), Signature verification (StudentPen ( , ,) . Typing rhythms patterns or mouse movements Kryterion))Keystroke analysis (:)Challenge Questions .1. .2. .3. .4.

- " " .))what only you know / . ( ) . ( , ,) , ,'. 12 ()1.( )PC Misuse .1. .2. .3. .4. .5. ( )In-person . " " ( )PC Lockdown . // " " TMS- . . . 13 )2.( )PC Misuse(

14 " " ( ) : Cut/copy/paste of data to/from the testing environment Screen capture/printing functions Control/function keys/shortcuts Task/application start/access/switch Right-click menu options Menu options or icons activation Setting of PC date/time Pop-up windows Messaging, screen sharing, network monitoring. )3.( )PC Misuse( " " ( ) : Search/surf the Web

Browser menu and toolbar options with possible exception for Back/Forward/Refresh/Stop HTML source code viewing Cache/store of pages in history/search listings. 15 )4.( )PC Misuse( : " " Automatically start at sign-on page of the organization's TMS. Testees cannot commence a test until they are provided with a special password by the TMS. The test questions are displayed in a full-screen mode that cannot be minimized. Following test completion, all test-related files are automatically submitted back to the TMS. Clearing of any cookies, caches, and temporary files at test session end. 16 ()5.( )PC Misuse

" " , , . ," : " (,)SaaS , . (.)Remote Desktop " " : Respondus, Simpliciti, KioWare Lite, Questionmark Perception Secure, )Open-source SEB (Safe Exam Browser 17 ()Forbidden Stuff . ( )Online monitoring - / ( )Audio/Video : (,)Online proctor observation , . ( )recording Test session .

( )Red flag - " -" (.)Post-test analysis ( )Webcam. 18 ()Accomplice . , , : / , , , ( ) - , . ( )Panning , . 360o . :

()Camera zappers ()Cellular jammers / . 19 ()Test Leakage . ()Private workspace . . (":)"Schemed Questioning . ( -). . . 20

" " (Electronic )Warfare . . , , (.)USB ()Tamperproof " " .TMS- . 21 DDT "" DoDoT/RM

A.Frank 22 "" DoDoT "" .DDT- " ( ,. ,. ) , : ( )Two-factor authentication . . , ( ) (.)Minimal covering set . , 360o ( ,)Camera zappers (Cellular )jammers / . 23 DDT risks and methods

24 Risks Methods that can answer the seven risks Testing Mis-management Testing Management System Secure communication Impersonator Biometric authentication Behaviometric authentication Challenge questions Online proctor observation Test session recording PC Misuse

PC Lockdown Software Remote Desktop Software Aberrance computerized red flags Forbidden Stuff Online proctor observation Test session recording Aberrance computerized red flags Accomplice Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Hidden devices obstruction Advanced recognition technologies Test Leakage

PC Lockdown Software Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Aberrance computerized red flags Schemed questioning "Warfare Electronic" Detect lost A/V signal/& feed quality Separate proctoring unit ?! A.Frank & D. Gallula 25

DDT "" DoDoT/RM A.Frank 26 PupilCity ProctorU .1. Kryterion Online Proctoring (OLP) .2. Securexam Remote Proctor (SERP) .3 27 A.Frank ) PupilCity ProctorU ( 1. ,--, . 2.008-" Andrew Jackson University ) (AJU " PupilCity.2.009-

" " . Acxiom Identify-X ( )Pilot - )National American University (ANU 2.6.- . A.Frank 28 PupilCity ProctorU ( 2. ) 1.. 2.. 3. 4. 29 . : 4. Connect ProctorU automatically connects the testee to the online proctor. Observe proctor connects to testee's screen. Prove identity proctor watches the testee as he/she authenticates identity. Monitor proctor observes testee taking test. . TokBox " A.Frank . PupilCity ProctorU: risks and methods

30 Risks Methods that can answer the seven risks Pupilcity ProctorU Kryterion OLP Software Secure SERP Testing Mismanagement Testing Management System Secure communication

Impersonator Biometric authentication Behaviometric authentication Challenge questions Online proctor observation Test session recording

PC Misuse PC Lockdown Software Remote Desktop Software Aberrance computerized red flags Forbidden Stuff Online proctor observation Test session recording Aberrance computerized red flags

Accomplice Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Hidden devices obstruction Advanced recognition technologies

Test Leakage PC Lockdown Software Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Aberrance computerized red flags Schemed questioning

Electronic Warfare Detect lost A/V signal & feed quality Separate proctoring unit

)Online Proctoring (OLP) Kryterion( 1. 2.008-" Kryterion . OLP World Campus of Pennsylvania State University .Western Governors Univ Akamai . / . Sentinel Secure OLP ". " A.Frank 31 )Online Proctoring (OLP) Kryterion( 2.

KCOPS Kryterion Certified Online Proctors . . ).Real Time Data Forensics (RTDF . . . A.Frank 32 Kryterion OLP: risks and methods 33 Risks Methods that can answer the seven risks Pupilcity ProctorU Kryterion OLP Software Secure SERP Testing Mismanagement

Testing Management System Secure communication Impersonator Biometric authentication Behaviometric authentication Challenge questions Online proctor observation Test session recording

PC Misuse PC Lockdown Software Remote Desktop Software Aberrance computerized red flags

Forbidden Stuff Online proctor observation Test session recording Aberrance computerized red flags Accomplice

Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Hidden devices obstruction Advanced recognition technologies Test Leakage

PC Lockdown Software Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Aberrance computerized red flags Schemed questioning Electronic Warfare

Detect lost A/V signal & feed quality Separate proctoring unit )Securexam Remote Proctor (SERP 2.006.-" Troy University " .Software Secure Troy University - University of West Alabama. - . 1.5. . 1.2.,000- . A.Frank

34 SERP - Anytime Anywhere Testing With Integrity 35 A.Frank SERP SERP . " ( ) ( )o360 , , - , A.Frank - , . 36 SERP 37 A.Frank

SERP SERP : PlanetSSI .TMS " )Securexam Student " ( Downlock . " )Securexam Browser " ( Downlock . SERP , ."" 38 ()1. .1.: SERP .Software Secure- // .SERP .2.: "" .TMS- SERP " " " , , ( , ), .TMS , SERP- . 39 " " ""

A.Frank 40 ()2. .3.: TMS-Securexam Student. SERP , . SERP , / , , . .4.: , "" . , / . . 41 Software Secure SERP: risks and methods 42 Risks Methods that can answer the seven risks Pupilcity ProctorU

Kryterion OLP Software Secure SERP Testing Mismanagement Testing Management System Secure communication Impersonator Biometric authentication

Behaviometric authentication Challenge questions Online proctor observation Test session recording PC Misuse PC Lockdown Software Remote Desktop Software Aberrance computerized red flags

Forbidden Stuff Online proctor observation Test session recording Aberrance computerized red flags

Accomplice Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Hidden devices obstruction Advanced recognition technologies

Test Leakage PC Lockdown Software Online proctor observation Test session recording Use of 360o webcam Aberrance computerized red flags Schemed questioning

Electronic Warfare Detect lost A/V signal & feed quality Separate proctoring unit

, , , . . : 1.00%- . - ( )Cost-Effective : ( 2.0/80- .)1.0/90 , , . . A.Frank 43 A.Frank 44

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