Does Your Truth Match Reality?

Does Your Truth Match Reality?

How To Defend Your Faith Dr. Heinz Lycklama [email protected] @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 1 Defending Your Faith Roadblocks to Faith What is Apologetics? Determining Whats True Is the Bible True?

Does Our Truth Match Reality? Evidence for Our Faith Essential Principles of Knowledge Three Views of Truth What is Truth? Examples From Archaeology & Science Confidence in Our Faith @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 2 Roadblocks to Faith in Christ 1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. Lack of intellectual knowledge of God Other Christians their perceived hypocrisy Sin: accepting Christ would require turning away from sin If God is all-loving and all-powerful, why is there so much pain, suffering, and evil? Perceived conflict between Science and the Bible, e.g. Creation v. Evolution No answers from the church to the hard questions @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 3 The Statistics! According to pollster George Barna: Only 9% of born again teenagers

believe that absolute truth even exists At least 60% of the children from evangelical homes are estimated to leave the church once they leave home Reasons: No answers from the church for the hard questions asked by our youth Indoctrination of our youth in secularism and evolutionism @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 4 Some Questions People Ask

How come Genesis chapters 1 and 2 contradict each other? Were the days of Creation literal days? Where did Cain get his wife? Was the Flood global? Could God have used Evolution? Why did Jesus have to die for our sins? How do we know the Bible is Gods Word? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 5 What Is Apologetics? Apologia (Greek) speaking in defense Apologetics is a defense of beliefs by arguments, evidences, and reasons for why we believe what we believe Why Apologetics?

Explain basic Christian beliefs Defend beliefs from those who attack them Defend beliefs from heretical beliefs @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 6 Why Apologetics? Why? Know what you believe Know why you believe Defend what you believe 1 Pet. 3:15 How?

Rightly divide the word of truth II Tim. 2:15 Be a Berean, search the Scriptures daily Acts 17:11 Look for evidence of the Truth Answer the questions of believers & skeptics alike Acts 17:17, Therefore he [Paul] reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and with the Gentile worshippers, @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 7 Why Christian Apologetics? 1 Pet. 3:15, But sanctify the Lord God in your

hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear; Matt. 22:37, You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. 1 Th. 5:21-22, Test all things; hold fast what is good. Abstain from every form of evil. 2 Cor. 10:5, casting down arguments and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God, bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ, @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 8 Determining Whats True Your truth is what you believe to be true How do you know it is true?

Is the Christian Truth true? Based on presupposition? Verified by credible evidence? Looking at the evidence Does the evidence support Christian Truth? What about Atheism? Evolution? Creation? What about Mormonism? Hinduism? Buddhism? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 9 How Do We Determine Truth?

Tradition church, passed on Authority expert, appointed Revelation special, general Our five senses hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, touching Human reason logical arguments Science evidence Presuppositions @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 10 Use of Logic in Apologetics The universe exists Universe cannot be infinitely old

Would have entered into state of disorder long ago Universe is not in a state of disorder Therefore not infinitely old Universe had a beginning Universe could not have brought itself into existence Something before the universe brought it into existence That something is God @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 11 Questions About Truth Do we know because of the evidence: From science, history or archaeology?

OR Do we believe because of: Revelation, e.g. Holy Scripture? Authority, e.g. Church tradition? Human reason, i.e. logic? Human experience? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 12 Knowledge and Truth Epistemology

Nature and scope of knowledge How we know what we know Relation between belief, truth, knowledge Ps. 100:3, Know that the Lord, He is God; It is He who has made us, and not we ourselves. If God made us, He would not deceive us about the nature of our existence @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 13 Four Essential Principles of Knowledge Basic epistemological premises 1. 2. 3. 4.

All presupposed in Scripture The law of non-contradiction The law of causality The basic (although not perfect) reliability of sense perception The analogical use of language Found in God Himself Endowed to His creatures (made in His image) Foundational laws/grounds of obtaining knowledge @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 14 1. Law of Non-contradiction

A cannot be A and Not-A at the same time and in the same sense or relationship Truth cannot be contradictory 1 John 2:22, Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son. Scriptures assume difference between truth and lie, righteousness and unrighteousness, etc. Nothing would be understandable without this law @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 15 2. Law of Causality

Every effect must have a cause Every miracle assumes this law Nicodemus affirmed the divine cause behind the works of Jesus John 3:2, Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him. Without this law, no miracle in Scripture can occur or be of evidential value from Creation to Resurrection @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 16 3. Reliability of Sense Perception Our senses are essentially trustworthy

See, hear, touch, taste, smell There are limits to our perception Knowledge of external world impossible if our senses not basically dependable John and Peter saw the glory of Jesus, John 1:14; 2 Pet. 1:16 Christ appeared to Peter, then to the twelve, and to the 500, 1 Cor. 15:5-6 These arguments would be useless without reliable human senses @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 17 4. Analogical Use of Language Two things can be partly alike and partly different

One thing is analogous to another God is so entirely different from us God is a Spirit and transcendent Thus there does not appear to any way to say anything meaningful about God God is described in Scripture using analogical language in comparison with human attributes Gen. 1:26, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 18 Views About Truth Absolute or relative? Correspondent or coherent?

Determining truth Revealed in Scripture Using our five senses dependable? Using logic Is truth knowable? Agnosticism, skepticism, etc. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 19 Three Views of Truth What does it mean for a statement to be true? Three different views on what truth is: 1.

2. 3. Correspondence/Traditional view Relativism/Postmodern view Practical/Useful view The Test Does your Truth match reality? i.e. Does what you believe to be true match reality? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 20 1. Correspondence/Traditional View

Any statement is true if and only if it corresponds to or agrees with factual reality Declarative statements are subject to verification and falsification A statement can be proven false if it can be shown to disagree with objective reality Truth is not a matter of subjective opinion, or majority vote, or cultural fashion Truth is objective and knowable, e.g. photo from outer space showing the earth as a blue sphere @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 21 Law of Non-Contradiction We live by the law of non-contradiction (P, not P)

If I say XXX and my wife says not-XXX Cant both be true in the same way, at the same time Two contradictory statements cannot both be true Cant be true that there both is and is not X in my room One of us is wrong We both cant be telling the truth Christians historically (traditionally) have affirmed the correspondence view of truth Supports the concept of absolute truth Logically self-consistent and supportable @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 22 An Example From the Bible

There are good historical reasons to believe that Jesus rose from the dead in space-time history, showing His divine authority: Rom. 1:4, and declared to be the Son of God by the resurrection from the dead. 1 Cor. 15:1-11, the gospel which I preached to you Factual evidence of Christs Resurrection (provided by Paul) 1 Cor. 15:14, And if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty. Illustrates the concept of absolute truth @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 23

2. Relativism/Postmodern View Statements about scientific facts, religious realities, or moral principles cannot be known to refer to objective states of affairs Language is contingently constructed through communities Language cannot transcend its own context and refer to realities outside itself All language fails to describe objective conditions because of its embeddedness in various cultures The truth of a statement depends on the views of persons or cultures, not on whether statements correspond to objective reality @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 24 More on Relativism

For a statement to be true just means that a person or culture believes it to be true Well, if thats true for you We cant judge other cultures Accordingly, one can say Jesus is Lord and another Allah is Lord, and both statements will be true NOT @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 25 Putting the Statements to the Test This is illogical and fails the law of noncontradiction The statements are mutually exclusive

John 1:14, Christians believe that Jesus is God made flesh Muslims deny that Allah can or did incarnate The two statements cannot both be objectively true @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 26 Summary of Relativism View Relativism offers no means of verifying or falsifying any belief Relativism does not support the concept of absolute truth This view is self-refuting and

logically unsupportable This view often referred to as postmodernism @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 27 Conclusion on Relativism View Relativism is false When truth is deemed to depend on a person or culture holding the belief, anything can become true It does not correspond to reality Which is absurd

This attitude/view cannot be applied to medicine or science Would be deemed ridiculous @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 28 3. Practical/Useful View This view holds that a belief is true only if it works for a particular person Christianity may be true for me if it helps me, but false for another person if it does not help him This view confuses usefulness with truth e.g. mismanaging money <-> misplacing

money (belief) <-> stolen money (reality) results in diligent management of his money @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 29 Truth v. Use Value The truth value of a belief is different that its use value Does not support the concept of absolute truth This view is self-refuting and logically unsupportable @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 30 What is Truth?

Truth is that which corresponds to reality Thought applies to reality Knowledge is possible Logic is a necessary presupposition of all thought It is undeniable that logic applies to reality Self-evident principles cannot be denied Truth is absolute, correspondent, knowable, logical The Bible claims to be the Word of God & true Does the Bible correspond to reality? Is the Bible true? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama

31 Is The Bible True? Some people say the Bible is full of errors or contradictions For most this is just an excuse for not believing Few who claim these errors have read the Bible and analyzed any of these alleged errors Many books written to address alleged errors @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 32 Alleged Errors in the Bible

1. Law of non-contradiction 2. Mistranslations 3. Fails truth test Not true to original language So-called scientific errors Authors used language of the day @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 33 1. Law of Non-Contradiction

Bible was written Bible has ONE author God By 40 authors from many walks of life Over a period of 1500 years God is perfect, holy, true There are no contradictions in His Word, no matter what it seems at first Many supposed contradictions @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 34 Example of Non-Contradiction

Many supposed contradictions result by placing two passages in false opposition to each other, e.g. Eccl. 7:29, God made man upright. Talking about Adam and Eve, who God originally created upright Ps. 51:5, Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity. Here King David is speaking of his personal situation, as a fallen descendant of Adam There is no contradiction here @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 35 2. Mistranslation

Translation of the books of the Bible can be a real challenge We have many translations KJV, NKJV, AS, NAS, NIV, etc. Most translation problems have simple explanations You should always look at the original Hebrew and Greek words used @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 36 Example of Mistranslation Lev. 11:13,19, And these you shall regard as an

abomination among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the buzzard, and the bat. (NKJV) Bats are not birds (a questionable word) The KJV uses the word fowls instead of the word birds The KJV used the word fowls in Lev. 11:20 to describe insects @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 37 Explanation of Mistranslation

The Hebrew word used is owph, which can mean anything that has a wing, i.e. a winged creature The Hebrew word owph includes birds, flying insects, and bats Going back to the Hebrew word explains the supposed translation problem @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 38 3. Alleged Scientific Errors Authors used the language of their day The sun rising in the morning The sun setting in the evening

The sun does not rise and set The earth actually rotates Our talk of the sun rising and setting is not scientifically correct Spoken from perspective of the observer @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 39 Does Our Truth Match Reality? Does the Bibles Truth match reality? Does what you believe (your truth) match reality? We apply certain tests to biblical Truth

History, geography, archaeology, prophecy have confirmed the Bible What about biblical scientific statements? What happens when we apply the same tests to your truth? Does the evidence match up? Tests must be objective @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 40 Evidence For Our Faith 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Jesus Credibility He Is God

Prophecies Come True Messianic + Others Christ Rose From the Grave The Bible is Gods Word Archaeology Verifies the Bible Science Supports Creation The Bible Is Reliable Scientifically If God is All-Loving and All-Knowing, Why Do We have Evil and Suffering? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 41 1. Jesus Credibility He Is God Evidence of Jesus life on earth Jesus in His humanity

Jesus claimed to be God Jesus attributes Jesus actions (miracles) The Apostles taught the deity of Christ Four possibilities which one was He? Biblical, Roman, Jewish Liar, lunatic, legend, or the Truth What are Jesus credentials? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 42 2. Prophecies Come True: Messianic + Others

What is prophecy? Test of a true prophet The importance of prophecy Messianic prophecies The significance of messianic prophecies Messianic prophecy issues Probability of fulfillment of prophecies Other Old Testament (OT) prophecies End Time prophecies @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 43 3. Christ Rose From The Grave Jesus Resurrection

Pertinent data to be considered Historical facts to be considered Accounting for the empty tomb More than a dozen appearances of the risen Lord Prophesied in the OT Prophesied by Christ Himself in the NT Includes more than 500 witnesses at once Paul teaches the importance of the Resurrection Its significance to the Christian faith @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 44 4. The Bible Is Gods Word

The Bible is unique How we got the Bible Is Scripture inspired? Christs teaching on the OT Christs view of the NT Historical reliability of the OT Historical reliability of the NT Supernatural wisdom of the Bible @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 45 5. Archaeology Verifies the Bible What is Archaeology?

The Dead Sea Scrolls Evidence for the Accuracy of the Bible The Ebla Tablets The Divisions of Genesis Genesis and Origins Internal, Copy comparison, Archaeology Creation, The Flood, Languages Archaeology and the OT Archaeology and the NT Archaeology Confirms Accuracy of the Bible @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama

46 6. Science Supports Creation What Does the Bible Say About Creation? What Do Jesus And The Apostles Say About Creation? What Does Science Say About Creation? The Creation and Evolution Models of Origins Which Model Best Fits The Scientific Evidence? Challenges to Evolutionism Does It Matter What We Believe About Creation? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama

47 7. The Bible Is Reliable Scientifically Scientific statements in the Bible accurate? Reliability of the Bible established by: Laws of science consistent with the Bible Scientific statements/anticipation in the Bible Prophecy, history, geography, archaeology Astronomy, geophysics, geology, hydrology Meteorology, oceanography, physics, biology

Alleged scientific errors in the Bible Scientific disciplines established by Bible-believing scientists Conclusions @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 48 8. Evil & Suffering Are Explained Pain & Suffering The Issues Atheist/Evolutionists View of History and God The Biblical View of History and God The Role of Mans Free Will The Nature of Death and Suffering Gods Purposes In Our Suffering

Is God Doing Anything About Death & Suffering? Our Source of Hope @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 49 Evidence From Archaeology Confirms historical accuracy of the Bible Improves our understanding of the Bible Events, time, culture, society, politics 1000s of archives discovered, but

Nuances and use of biblical words Illustrates/explains Bible passages Ancient sites, civilizations, characters Alexandria Library (1M+ MS) lost in 7th century fire Many archaeological sites yet to be excavated Our knowledge is still limited @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 50 The Dead Sea Scrolls In 1947 a Bedouin shepherd boy, searching for a lost goat, threw a stone into a cave opening in Qumran by the Dead Sea and heard the

sound of shattering pottery. His inquisitiveness lead him to investigate and discover the first of what was to become known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The world found out about them about one year later in 1948. The impact of this find on verifying the reliability of our @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 51 Where Is The Dead Sea? @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 52 Dead Sea Scroll Facts

40,000 scroll fragments were found in jars in eleven different caves 35,000 scroll fragments from 400 manuscripts were found in Cave #4 All scrolls were produced prior to 67-73 AD (time of first Jewish-Roman war) Literary remains of a Community that lived at Qumran from ~135 BC to ~67 AD Scrolls contain samples of all OT books except @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama Esther 53 More Dead Sea Scroll Facts Complete scroll of Isaiah (dated about 125

B.C.) was found in Cave #1 No NT book scrolls found (too early) Large number of Jewish non-canonical writings Largest scroll, the Temple Scroll, was 27 feet long William F. Albright, the dean of American archaeology, called it the greatest manuscript discovery of modern times. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 54 Results of Dead Sea Finds

Extant copies of books more than 1000 years older than the extant copies previously known to exist Significantly increased our knowledge of what happened to the Hebrew text from 1000-800 BC, from which time we trace our present Hebrew Bible Hebrew text has undergone much less change than previously thought Hebrew Bible text is treated with greater respect by scholars today than it has been for a long time Brought to light much knowledge about the 55 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama More Findings Over Next 50 Years

Consolidation of ancient chronology Findings of texts bearing on the history of writing Discovery of ancient texts that shed light on biblical history Discovery of ancient biblical manuscripts Discovery of Ebla texts of the pre-patriarchal age Excavation of key cities in the Holy Land Discoveries with a bearing on the New Testament 56 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama The Ebla Tablets Discovered in

Northern Syria beginning in 1964 Excavations made at the site of Tell Mardikh, ancient Ebla was at the height of its power in 2300 Ebla B.C. with a population of 260,000, with 11,000 civil servants Names of 5000+ cities mentioned Includes names of many Biblical cities such as Salem, Gaza, Lachish, Ashdod, etc. Dr. Heinz Lycklama Destroyed in [email protected] by a grandson of 57

Where is Ebla? Ebla Damascus Clay Tablet at Ebla Ruins of Eblas Royal Palace @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 58 The Ebla Tablets Data 17,000+ tablets unearthed from era of Ebla Kingdom since 1974 Early critics did not think that writing was prevalent at the time of Moses Recent digs in northern Syria (Ebla in mid 1970s) have verified that man had writing

skills early on, even at the time of the patriarchs (~ 2500 BC) Patriarchs were able to record events on tablets Most writing was in Sumerian language, some in Eblaite, their own Semitic language using the same Sumerian script 59 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama More Ebla Tablets Data Shows evidence of writing 1000 years before the time of Moses Customs and events were recorded in writing in the same area of the world where Moses and the patriarchs lived Gen. 14 refers to the five cities of the Plain (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, Zoar),

verified by Ebla archives The area flourished before the catastrophe recorded in Genesis 14 We now know about early writing systems such as Egyptian hieroglyphics, Ugartic cunieform script, proto-Siniatic hieroglyphic script, and Hittite hieroglyphic system @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 60 Discoveries in Archaeology Important finds over the last 150 years have resulted in better understanding of history Finds have resulted in better understanding of ancient chronology Important finds at land of Ur, Sumerian

King lists, astronomical texts in Egypt and Mesopotamia Dates of earliest historical dynasties in Egypt and Mesopotamia have been reduced over the years, from seventh millennium B.C. [email protected] Dr. 3000 B.C. Heinz Lycklama 61 Evidence From Science We trust the Bible for spiritual truth Prophecy, history, geography, and archaeology confirm the truth of the Bible Do we trust the Bible for truth in science?

Astronomy, geophysics, geology, hydrology, meteorology, oceanography, physics, biology There are many Biblical references to nature and natural processes Authors use everyday language Amazingly accurate @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 62 Astronomy The Moon Job 25:5, If even the moon does not shine ...

Ps. 89:37, It shall be established forever like the moon, even like the faithful witness in the sky. The moon itself is not a source of light Moon rocks filled with titanium, a better reflector than diamonds The moon itself is not a source of light, but a reflector of light from the sun The moon is not a source of light @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 63 Constellations Job 38:31 Can you bind the cluster of Pleiades, or loose the belt of Orion?

God told Job in ~ 2000 BC that the seven stars of Pleiades were bound together and the stars of Orion are not Pleiades used to be called the seven sisters We learned [20th century] that the stars of Pleiades are gravitationally bound and the stars of Orion are not @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 64 Hydrology Eccl. 1:7, All streams run to the sea, but the sea is not full; to the place where the streams flow, there they flow again. [Solomon in 935 B.C.]

The hydrologic cycle was understood by man only in the 17th century 1100 billion gallons of water per hour flow into the sea sea does not fill up Is. 55:10, For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven and do not return there but water the earth, making it bring forth and sprout, giving seed to the sower and bread to the eater, Worlds food supply is made possible by the distribution of water @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 65 Oceanography Ps. 8:8, The birds of the air, and the fish of

the sea that pass through the paths of the seas. Matthew Maury undertook research project based on this Scripture verse (1841-1861) There are paths in the sea Also aware of wind circuits in Eccl. 1:6-7 Concluded that there must be currents in the ocean Plotted wind circuits and ocean currents as an aid to navigation of the seas @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 66 Maury and Oceanography Gulf stream is a path in the sea

40 miles wide, 2000 feet deep Flows from Gulf of Mexico up through the Atlantic More paths in the sea discovered since Monument erected in Maurys home state of VA Matthew Fontaine Maury, Pathfinder of the Seas, the Genius Who First Snatched from the Ocean and Atmosphere the Secret of Their Laws. His Inspiration, Holy Writ, Psalm 8:8, Psalm 107:23-24, and Ecclesiastes 1:6." @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 67 The Immune System Gen. 17:12, He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised, every male child in

your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not your descendant. Eighth day is the only day in the entire life of the newborn that the blood clotting element prothrombin is above 100% Medical science has discovered that this is when the immune system is at its peak @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 68 Confidence In Our Faith We do have supporting evidence

The Truth of the Bible matches reality The Christian faith is rational Believers can be confident in their faith Believers can defend their faith boldly Know what you believe Know why you believe what you believe Learn how to defend your faith @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 69 The Importance of Apologetics Defense of the Faith is essential for Christian Apologetics is crucial for

All church leaders All believers Reaching new believers Discerning the Truth Creation Apologetics is important for Establishing the Truth from the very 1st verse Explaining why Jesus came to Earth and died for our sins Providing answers to the hard questions @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 70 Thank you for your attention! 2 Tim. 2:22, And the things that you have heard from me among many

witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also. Dr. Heinz Lycklama [email protected] @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 71 Reference Books 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Norman Geisler & Ronald Brooks, When Skeptics Ask: A Handbook on Christian Evidences, 2008. Norman Geisler & Frank Turek, I Dont Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist, 2004. Ken Ham (AIG), The New Answers Book, 2006.

John Ashton & Richard Westacott, The Big Argument: Does God Exist? 2006. Paul E. Little, Know Why You Believe, 1999. Howard Vos, Can I really Believe? 1995. Josh McDowell & Don Stewart, Answers to Tough Questions, 1993. Josh McDowell, The New Evidence That Demands A Verdict, 1999. Phil Fernandes, No Other Gods, 2002. Phil Fernandes, The God Who Sits Enthroned, 2002. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 72 More Reference Books 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Phil Fernandes, Contend Earnestly for the Faith: A Survey

of Christian Apologetics, 2008. Lee Strobel, The Case For Faith, 2000. Lee Strobel, The Case For a Creator, 2004. Don Batten, The Creation Answers Book, 2008. Ray Comfort, Scientific Facts in the Bible, 2001. Peter Stoner & Robert Newman, Science Speaks, 1976. Creation Moments, 101 Scientific Facts & Foreknowledge. Ralph Muncaster, Can Archaeology Prove The NT? 2000. Siegfried Horn, Biblical Archaeology, 1985. Timothy Keller, The Reason For God, 2008. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 73 Yet More Reference Books 1. 2. Charles Colson & Harold Fickett, The Faith Given Once, For All, 2008. Ken Ham & Britt Beemer, Already Gone, 2009. @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 74

Some Useful Websites 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. - A Ready Defense by Josh McDowell - Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry - William Lane Craig Apologetics Resources - Investigating Faith by Lee Strobel - Josh McDowell Ministry Institute for Creation Research Answers in Genesis Creation Ministries International Northwest Creation Network - Lectures on Christian Apologetics by

Heinz Lycklama - Lectures on Creation by Heinz Lycklama @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 75 More Apologetics Websites 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. - Summit Ministries - Probe Ministries - Come Reason Ministries - Apologetics Resource Center - Ravi Zacharias International Ministries - Thinking Apologetics - Stand To Reason Ministries @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 76

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