DPAS Defense Priorities & Allocations System for the Contractor
DPAS Defense Priorities & Allocations System for the Contractor Presented By: DCMA March 2014 3/2/20 1 DPAS for the CONTRACTOR Any person who places or receives a rated order should be thoroughly familiar with, and must
comply with, the provisions of 15 CFR 700 http://www.ecfr.gov This training is a representation of the basic requirements that a person must adhere to when accepting DPAS rated orders from activities or services of the Department of Defense 2 DPAS for the CONTRACTOR Contractor should ensure that DPAS is integrated into their Production Planning and Control System in order to be in compliance with the requirements of rated orders.
3 DPAS for the CONTRACTOR Program Overview Definitions DPAS Authority Purpose Objectives Priority ratings for DoD Provisions Special Priorities Assistance (SPA) Compliance Protection Against Claims Applicability
4 Definitions Person - any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or any other organized group of persons, or legal successor or representative thereof. Approved program - A program determined as necessary or appropriate for priorities and allocations support to promote the national defense by the Secretary of Defense. Delegate Agency - A government agency authorized by delegation from the Department of Commerce to place priority ratings on contracts or orders needed to support approved programs.
5 Definitions Official action - An action taken by Commerce under the authority of the Defense Production Act, the Selective Service Act and related statutes, and 15 CFR 700. Such actions include the issuance of Set-asides, Rating Authorizations, Directives, Letters of Understanding, Demands for Information, Inspection Authorizations, and Administrative Subpoenas. Rated order - A prime contract, a subcontract, or a purchase order in support of an approved program issued in accordance with the provisions of 15 CFR 700.
6 Definitions Defense Production Act - the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2061, et seq.). Selective Service Act and related statutes - Section 18 of the Selective Service Act of 1948 (50 U.S.C. app. 468), 10 U.S.C. 2538, and 50 U.S.C. 82. Stafford Act -Title VI (Emergency Preparedness) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5195 et seq.). National Defense - Includes programs for military and energy production or construction, military or critical infrastructure assistance to any foreign nation, homeland security, stockpiling, space, and any directly related activity.
7 DPAS Authority Defense Production Act of 1950 Presidents primary authority to mobilize resources and expedite critical industrial items for national defense Does not require an emergency declaration Require priority in acceptance Require priority in scheduling 8 DPAS Authority Defense Priorities and Allocations System (DPAS)
A regulation administered by the Department of Commerce (DoC) that implements the priorities and allocations authority contained in Title 1 of the Defense Production Act (DPA) of 1950 with respect to industrial resources. The purpose of DPAS is to ensure the timely availability of industrial resources to meet national defense and emergency preparedness requirements. Certain national defense, energy, and homeland security programs are approved for priorities and allocations support. The DoC has delegated authority to DoD to place priority ratings on its contracts in accordance with DPAS and DoD issues approximately 300,000 rated orders annually. DoD uses two priority ratings: DX and DO. DX rated programs and their orders are of the highest national defense urgency and are approved by the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) or Deputy Secretary of Defense (DEPSECDEF). DO rated orders are of lower priority than DX-rated orders but take precedence over unrated orders. DPAS cannot be used to prioritize food, energy, health, water, or civil transportation resources.
9 DPAS Authority Title 1 of the DPA: Priorities and Allocation Allows the President to require persons (including businesses and corporations) to prioritize and accept contracts for materials and services as necessary to promote the national defense. 10 DPAS Authority Title 1 of the Defense Production Act (DPA) of 1950 is the statutory basis for the Defense Priorities and Allocations System
(DPAS). Title 1 is also one of the non-permanent provisions of the DPA that needs to be periodically reauthorized, which Congress has done in the past for periods of 1 to 5 years. The DPA provides the President with the authority to require acceptance and priority performance on contracts and orders, and to allocate materials, services, and facilities to support national defense and emergency preparedness requirements. The President has delegated his priority and allocation authority to the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of Energy according to resource required. 11 DPAS Authority How Title 1 Works
Congress President Defense Production Act of 1950 Title 1 Executive Order 13603 Department of Commerce DPAS Regulation 15 CFR 700 & Delegation 1 Department of
Defense Priority & Allocation Manual 4400.1-M Office of Federal Procurement Policy Federal Acquisition Regulation 11.604 Contract Clauses 52.211 14&15 Contracts and Purchase Orders
12 DPAS Authority Section 201 of Executive Order 13603 delegates the authority granted the President in Section 101 of the DPA Agriculture Defense Defense Food Resources and Related Facilitates, Domestic Distribution of Farm Equipment and Commercial Fertilizer Water Resources
Energy Transportation All Forms of Energy All Forms of Energy Civil Transportation Health and Human Services Commerce Health Resources
DPAS All other materials, Services & Facilities (Including Construction Materials). Generally called industrial resources 13 DPAS Authority Executive Order 13603 Part II-Priorities and Allocations, Section 201-Delegation of Priorities and Allocations, authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to re-delegate to the Secretary of Defense, and
the heads of other departments and agencies as appropriate, authority for the priority rating of contracts and orders for all materials, services, and facilities needed in support of programs approved under Section 202 of Executive Order 13603. 14 DPAS Authority Priorities and Allocations (P&A) Manual 4400.1-M The DoC implements its P&A authority by issuing, administering, and enforcing the DPAS Regulation 15 CFR 700. The Secretary of Commerce has re-delegated authority under the DPAS to the Secretary of Defense to rate contracts
and orders that support national defense programs. Department of Defense Priority & Allocation Manual 4400.1-M DPAS Priority Contracts and Purchase Orders 15 DPAS Purpose
Assure timely availability of industrial resources to meet current national defense and emergency preparedness program requirements 16 DPAS Purpose Authority to order priority performance (delivery) on defense contracts and allocate materials to meet national security requirements (DO/DX ratings) 17 Objectives
Provide an operating system to support rapid industrial response in a national emergency 18 OBJECTIVES Minimize disruption to normal commercial activities 19 Priority Ratings DPAS rules are standard part of U.S. defense contracting process: (15 CFR 700.11 (a)) Two levels of priority ratings:
(DX) Highest national defense urgency All DX rated orders have equal priority and take preference over DO and unrated orders (based on ship schedule) (DO) Critical to national defense All DO rated orders have equal priority and take preference over unrated orders (based on ship schedule) 20 Priority Ratings for DoD =( ) + ( ) Examples: 1=( ) + ( 1 )
4=( ) + ( 4 ) Question: How do I know what a Program ID Symbol identifies? Answer: Schedule I to 15 CFR Part 700Approved Programs and Delegate Agencies (Program identification symbols, in themselves, do not connote any priority) 21 Program Symbols 22 Priority Ratings for DoD
Question: How do I know what programs are approved for DX rating? Answer: You can retrieve an updated copy of programs that have been approved by the Secretary of Defense for the use of DX ratings on contracts, subcontracts, and purchase orders by going to US DoC Bureau of Industry and Security and viewing the list of DPAS Program Resources. 23 DX PROGRAMS Updated: March 1, 2016 The Department of Defense has authority under the Defense Priorities and Allocations System (15 CFR 700) to place industrial priority ratings on its
contracts. DoD uses two ratings: "DO" and "DX." If necessary to meet required delivery dates at any level in the supply chain, DO rated orders must be given production preference over unrated (commercial) orders, and DX rated orders must be given preference over DO-rated orders and unrated orders. In accordance with DoD 4400.1-M, "Department of Defense Priorities and Allocations Manual," DO ratings are placed on the vast majority of DoD contracts. DX ratings can only be approved by the Secretary of Defense. DoD components are currently authorized to use DX industrial priority ratings in support of the following programs:
Department of Defense Program 390 Integrated Ballistic Missile Defense System Department of the Navy Presidential Helicopters (VH-3, VH-60)
Fleet Ballistic Missile Weapons System, Trident System Program 341 Department of the Air Force Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) High
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile, Minuteman III B-2 Stealth Bomber VC-25A Presidential Aircraft 24 What Is A Rated Order A rated order is a prime contract, a subcontract or a purchase
order in support of an approved program issued in accordance with the provisions of 15 CFR 700. Supported by four key elements: Priority Rating (DOA1) A required delivery date (on or about or asap will not do) Manual or electronic signature A statement that reads in substance: "This is a rated order certified for national defense use, and you are required to follow all provisions of the Defense Priorities and Allocations System regulation (15 CFR 700). (FAR 52.211-15) 25
What Is A Rated Order The four elements of a properly rated order on the previous slide must appear on every contract, purchase order, or delivery order. A person receiving a rated order must ensure during the receipt and review process determining acceptance or rejection of the order, that all four elements are present. The elements of a rated order are discussed in section 700.12 (a, b, c, d) 26 Basic Provisions Mandatory Acceptance or Rejection
of Rated Orders (Section 700.13) Preferential Scheduling (Section 700.14) Extension of Priority Ratings (Section 700.15) 27 BASIC PROVISIONS Mandatory Acceptance or Rejection of Rated Orders (Section 700.13) A person shall accept every rated order received and must fill such orders regardless of any other rated or unrated orders A person shall not discriminate against rated orders
A person shall not accept a rated order for delivery on a specific date if unable to fill the order by that date. However, the person must inform the customer of the earliest date on which delivery can be made Unless otherwise directed by Commerce, rated orders may be rejected in accordance with700.13 (c) (1-5) 28 Basic Provisions Customer notification requirements: A person must accept or reject a rated order and transmit the acceptance or rejection in writing (hard copy), or in electronic format, within fifteen (15) working days after receipt of a DO rated order and within ten (10) working days after receipt of a DX rated order. If the order is rejected, the person
must also provide the reasons for the rejection, pursuant to paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, in writing (hard copy) or electronic format. If a rated order is placed for the purpose of emergency preparedness requirements and expedited action is necessary or appropriate to meet these requirements and the order includes the statement set forth in 700.12(b), a person must accept or reject the rated order and transmit the acceptance or rejection in writing or in an electronic format within the time specified in the rated order. 29 Basic Provisions Customer notification requirements: (Continued) The minimum times for acceptance or rejection that such orders may specify are six (6) hours after receipt of the order if the order is issued by an authorized person in response to a hazard that has occurred, or
twelve (12) hours after receipt if the order is issued by an authorized person to prepare for an imminent hazard. If a person has accepted a rated order and subsequently finds that shipment or performance will be delayed, the person must notify the customer immediately, give the reasons for the delay, and advise of a new shipment or performance date. If notification is given verbally, written (hard copy) or electronic confirmation must be provided within one working day of the verbal notice. 30 Basic Provisions Preferential Scheduling (Section 700.14)
A person must schedule operations, including the acquisition of all needed production items, in a timely manner to satisfy the delivery requirements of each rated order. Modifying production or delivery schedules is necessary only when required delivery dates for rated orders cannot otherwise be met. 31 Basic Provisions Examples: If a person receives a DO rated order with a delivery date of June 3 and if meeting that date would mean delaying production or delivery of an item for an unrated order, the unrated order must be delayed. If a DX rated order is
received requiring delivery on July 15 and a person has a DO rated order requiring delivery on June 2 and operations can be scheduled to meet both deliveries, there is no need to alter production schedules to give any additional preference to the DX rated order. 32 BASIC PROVISIONS Conflicting rated orders: 1. If a person finds that delivery or performance against any accepted rated orders conflicts with the delivery or performance against other accepted rated orders of equal priority status, the person shall give preference to the conflicting orders in the sequence in which they are to be delivered or performed (not to the
receipt dates). If the conflicting rated orders are scheduled to be delivered or performed on the same day, the person shall give preference to those orders which have the earliest receipt dates. 2. If a person is unable to resolve rated order delivery or performance conflicts under this section, the person should promptly seek special priorities assistance as provided in 700.50 through 700.54. If the person's customer objects to the rescheduling of delivery or performance of a rated order, the customer should promptly seek special priorities assistance as provided in 700.50 through 700.54. For any rated order against which delivery or performance will be delayed, the person must notify the customer as provided in 700.13(d)(3). 33 Basic Provisions
Extension of Priority Ratings (Section 700.15) A person must use rated orders with suppliers to obtain items needed to fill a rated order. The person must use the priority rating indicated on the customer's rated order, except as otherwise provided in 15 CFR 700 or as directed by the Department of Commerce. 34 Basic Provisions For example, if a person is in receipt of a DO-A3 rated order for a navigation system and needs to purchase semiconductors for its manufacture, that person must use a
DO-A3 rated order to obtain the needed semiconductors. The priority rating must be included on each successive order placed to obtain items needed to fill a customer's rated order. This continues from contractor to subcontractor to supplier throughout the entire procurement chain. 35 Special Priorities Assistance 700.50 General provisions. The DPAS is designed to be largely self-executing. Special Priorities Assistance (SPA) is a service provided to alleviate problems that do arise. SPA should be sought from the Delegate Agency through the contract administration office.
Uses: Obtaining timely deliveries of items needed to satisfy rated orders. Authorizing the use of priority ratings on orders. 36 Special Priorities Assistance 700.51 Requests for priority rating authority If a rated order is likely to be delayed because a person is unable to obtain items not normally rated under 15 CFR 700, the person may request the authority to use a priority rating in ordering the needed items. Rating authority for production or construction equipment.
(Department of Defense Form DD 691.) Rating authority in advance of a rated prime contract. Must follow guidance of 700.51 (c) (1-5) 37 Special Priorities Assistance 700.52 Examples of assistance While special priorities assistance may be provided for any reason in support of 15 CFR 700, it is usually provided in situations where: Difficulty in obtaining delivery against a rated order by the required delivery date. Cannot locate a supplier for an item needed to fill a rated order.
38 Special Priorities Assistance 700.53 Criteria for assistance Requests for special priorities assistance should be timely, i.e., the request has been submitted promptly and enough time exists for the Delegate Agency or Commerce to effect a meaningful resolution to the problem, and must establish that: There is an urgent need for the item The applicant has made a reasonable effort to resolve the problem
39 Special Priorities Assistance 700.54 Instances where assistance will not be provided Secure a price advantage Obtain delivery prior to the time required to fill a rated order Gain competitive advantage Overcome a supplier's regularly established terms of sale or conditions of doing business
40 Special Priorities Assistance FORM BIS 999 This form can be found as Appendix I to 15 CFR 700 Your local DCMA DPAS POC will assist in preparation of BIS 999 41 Compliance 700.70 General provisions Any person who places or receives a rated order should be thoroughly familiar with, and must comply with, the provisions
of 15 CFR 700. Willful violation of any of the provisions of Title I or section 705 of the Defense Production Act, 15 CFR 700, or an official action of the Department of Commerce, is a criminal act, punishable as provided in the Defense Production Act and as set forth in 700.74 of 15 CFR 700. 42 Compliance 700.71 Audits and investigations Audits and investigations are official examinations of books, records, documents, other writings and information to ensure that the provisions of the Defense Production Act, the
Selective Service Act and related statutes, 15 CFR 700, and official actions have been properly followed. An audit or investigation may also include interviews and a systems evaluation to detect problems or failures in the implementation of 15 CFR 700. 43 Compliance 700.72 Compulsory process If a person refuses to permit a duly authorized representative of Commerce to have access to any premises or source of information necessary to the administration or the enforcement of the Defense Production Act, the Selective
Service Act and related statutes, 15 CFR 700, or official actions, the Commerce representative may seek compulsory process. Compulsory process means the institution of appropriate legal action, including ex parte application for an inspection warrant or its equivalent, in any forum of appropriate jurisdiction. 44 Compliance 700.72 Compulsory process (Continued) Compulsory process may be sought in advance of an audit, investigation, or other inquiry, if, in the judgment of the Director of the Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security, U.S. Department of Commerce, in consultation with
the Chief Counsel for Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce, there is reason to believe that a person will refuse to permit an audit, investigation, or other inquiry, or that other circumstances exist which make such process desirable or necessary. 45 Compliance 700.73 Notification of failure to comply Commerce may inform the person in writing where compliance with the requirements of the Defense Production Act, the Selective Service Act and related statutes, 15 CFR 700, or an official action were not met. In cases where Commerce determines that a person has
failed to comply, the person may be informed in writing of the particulars involved and the corrective action to be taken. Failure to take corrective action may then be construed as a willful violation of the Defense Production Act, 15 CFR 700, or an official action. 46 Compliance 700.74 Violations, penalties, and remedies Willful violation of the provisions of Title I or Sections 705 or 707 of the Defense Production Act, the priorities provisions of the Selective Service Act and related statutes, 15 CFR 700, or an official action, is a crime and upon conviction, a person may be punished by fine or imprisonment, or both. The maximum penalty provided by the Defense Production Act is a
$10,000 fine, or one year in prison, or both. The maximum penalty provided by the Selective Service Act and related statutes is a $50,000 fine, or three years in prison, or both. 47 COMPLIANCE 700.75 Compliance conflicts If compliance with any provision of the Defense Production Act, the Selective Service Act and related statutes, 15 CFR 700, or an official action would prevent a person from filling a rated order or from complying with another provision of the Defense Production Act, 15 CFR 700, or an official action, the person must immediately notify the Department of Commerce for resolution of the conflict.
DoC e-Mail: [email protected] 48 Protection Against Claims A person shall not be held liable for damages or penalties for any act or failure to act resulting directly or indirectly from compliance with the DPAS, or an official action, notwithstanding that such provision or action shall subsequently be declared invalid by judicial or other competent authority. 49
Applicability 700.92 Applicability of 15 CFR 700 and official actions 15 CFR 700 and all official actions, unless specifically stated otherwise, apply to transactions in any state, territory, or possession of the United States and the District of Columbia. 15 CFR 700 and all official actions apply not only to deliveries to other persons but also include deliveries to affiliates and subsidiaries. 50 References Department of Commerce Regulation 15 CFR 700
DOD Priorities and Allocation Manual DoD 4400.1M 51 DCMA Local DPAS POCs Contact the Engineering Manufacturing Group representative (Industrial Specialist/Engineer) at the DCMA contract administration office identified on your contract. SAMPLE 52 DCMA HQ DPAS POCs Manufacturing & Production
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