Early Medieval Europe (476 - 1000)

Early Medieval Europe (476 - 1000)

Early Medieval Europe (476 1000) An Age of Darkness? Gradual Settlement in Europe Germanic tribes continue to wander through Europe Generally, Germanic peoples conquer and then intermarry with the native populations

Dependence mostly on subsistence agriculture and barter economy First large area to become politically organized and settled was Gaul, dominated by the Franks Kingdom of the Franks Established a stable monarchy Early conversion to Christianity throughout the remnants of the Roman Empire in Gaul

Here and elsewhere in Europe, division of the population into 3 groups: warriors, clergy, and serfs (sometimes overlapping categories) Charlemagne, king of the Franks, one of the most powerful ruler in the early Middle Ages. Feudalism both a political and an economic system an exchange of land (a fief) for military

and political loyalty (a sworn Christian oath) extremely hierarchical presumes the self-sufficiency of the manor Growth of Christianity Consolidation of powers of the Roman popes Several centuries of continuous evangelism

to the Germanic tribes Rise of monasticism Monasticism monks who followed the Rule established by St. Benedict (480-543) ideal of a life of constant prayer, work, and study vows of chastity, obedience, poverty

men only The Monastery a kind of self-sufficient manor with many social and cultural functions: havens and sanctuaries during times of war or disaster centers of learning and literacy; libraries; scriptoriums

schools agricultural and medical expertise Early Medieval Music Development of Gregorian chant (named for Pope Gregory the Great) a single line of melody sung in unison a kind of abstract, non-emotional form sung primarily by clergy, not by the

congregation Early Medieval Arts Largely devoted to religious creations and crafts Great accomplishments in manuscript illumination illustration of Bibles, prayer books, other texts sometimes used for religious purposes

sometimes completed through aristocratic patronage

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