Eating Disorders - Healthy Surrey

Eating Disorders Oct 2014 Dr Irene Yi Specialist EDS for Children and Adolescents Types of Eating Disorders Anorexia Bulimia EDNOS Selective Eating Food avoidance emotional disorder

Restrictive Eating Developmental Perspective Lack of reserve in children and young people Rapid rate of weight loss Medical compromises Pulse rate / blood pressure / dehydration

Re-feeding syndrome Growth Overview Manifestations Assessment Stages of Change Management psychological medical

NICE Guidelines The majority should be managed on an OP basis by a service with expertise in both the psychological aspects and in assessing the physical risk associated with ED Assessment and treatment should be provided at the earliest opportunity When IP tr is required this should be provided in a unit with specific skills in treating ED For BN as a first step encourage pts to follow an evidence-based selfhelp programme BN pts may be treated with CBT adapted as needed to suit age and specific circumstances and include the family as appropriate Anorexia Nervosa

Characterized by: Self starvation Excessive weight loss Intense fear of fatness Unrelenting pursuit of thinness Anorexia Nervosa Excessive weight loss (15%) Severe diets odd food behaviours and rituals Hyperactivity Investment in perfectionism Denial of hunger Preoccupation with food, weight and/or body image thoughts

Emotional Manifestation of AN Inability to express or cope with emotional situations Increasingly diminished social and inter-personal functioning isolation Feelings of inadequacy, low or no self-esteem Extreme moodiness Intense remorse and shame regarding eating behaviours and their body Physical Manifestations of AN Inability to express or cope with emotional situations Increasingly diminished social and inter-personal functioning isolation

Feelings of inadequacy, low or no self-esteem Extreme moodiness Intense remorse and shame regarding eating behaviours and their body Bulimia Nervosa Characterized by: A secretive cycle of binge eating and self induced purging Rapid consumption of large amounts of food

A sense of loss of control Compensatory purging to get rid of food or calories consumed Behavioural Manifestations of BN Secretive and impulsive behaviours Purging Large weight variations Food hoarding, stealing Often associated behaviours Preoccupation with food, weight and body image thoughts

Aware of hunger, but eating behaviour not connected to hunger cues Emotional Manifestations of BN Frequent sense of shame and guilt connected to behaviours Intense fear of fatness Suicide thoughts and attempts Frequent mood swings Low self esteem, ongoing feelings of unworthiness Physical Manifestations of BN Digestive problems

Hypokalemia Electrolyte imbalance Russells sign Muscle Spasms Dehydration

Cardiac arrhythmias Fatigue Dental problems Loss of enamel Menstrual irregularities

Receding gums Swollen parotid glands Esophageal tears Anemia Early Manifestations The SCOFF Questions S sick

C control O one stone F fat F

food A score of >2 indicates a likely case of AN or BN Assessment Physical Medical compromise Psychiatric Psychopathology Depression Obsession/compulsion Motivation

Family Questionnaires / EDE Stages of Change Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Termination Management Psychoeducation Medical

Meal planning Weight Monitoring Psychological Individual / group (MET / CBT / IPT / CRT) Family Individual / multifamily Medical Management Criteria for admission to Paediatric Ward Weight 4 Height <67 70% (BMI <13)

Cardiac abnormalities Sys <80, Dias <60, P <40) Electrolyte abnormalities (K <3, Na <130, Mg <0.5, PO4 < 0.5, Urea > 10) Severe hypothermia (<36)

Hypoglycaemia (< 2.5) Estimated Energy Requirement Age 15-18 Energy (F) 2110 kcal/day Energy (M) 2755 kcal/day 11-14

1845 kcal/day 2220 kcal/day 7-10 1740 kcal/day 1970 kcal/day What Works Working with parents Collaboration Consistency

Compassion Containing Anxiety Dispelling Myths Engagement Empowerment Psycho-education Support What works

Dispelling Myths Engagement Empowerment Psycho-education Support Research Evidence Family based treatments Current Interest in Neuropsychology

Competence Fraser (Gillick) Competence Capacity to consent Helping People with Anorexia Assume mixed feelings (not antagonism) Fear of changing and fear of staying the same Few people want to be anorexic Provide ladders not cranes Traps Battling Colluding Scare tactics

Most adolescents get better My Friend In a way you have made my life much easier. Instead of having lots of thoughts and worries I just concentrate on you. You determine whether I am happy or sad and you make everything less complicated. Youve made me much happier about the way I look and you make most of my decisions for me. I wish people would understand how you feel and what youre thinking. My Enemy I wish you wouldnt hurt my friends and family, they dont deserve this. I dont want you to prevent me from doing

things I enjoy. You are deceitful in that you dont show me what I really look like. I know this because Im starting to believe some of the things people tell me. It hurts most when I see people I love suffer because of you.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Evolution - brookville.k12.oh.us

    Evolution - brookville.k12.oh.us

    Mammals are thought to have evolved from a reptilian ancestor, and this transition is thoroughly documented with a series of fossil _____ (reptiles ->mammal-like reptiles -> reptile-like mammals -> mammals). _____ between fossils and modern species (two exceptionally well-documented cases...
  • Designing Experiments Experimental Methodology for Software ...

    Designing Experiments Experimental Methodology for Software ...

    An Example One Factor Experiment The Single Factor Model One Factor Experiments With Replications Sample Data for Our Example Computing Effects Calculating Calculating for Our Example Calculating j Calculating a Column Mean Calculating the Parameters Parameters for Our Example Estimating...
  • National Standard for User-applied Labelling of Injectable Medicines,

    National Standard for User-applied Labelling of Injectable Medicines,

    A national standard for clinical practice in Australia. Identifies medicines and fluids removed from original manufacturer's packaging prior to patient administration. Identifies line route. ... PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Hall Erica
  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    Heinrich,284 S.W.3d 366 (Tex. 2009), the Supreme Court considered an action filed by the widow of an El Paso police officer whose benefits were adjusted when it was determined that she had been substantially overpaid.
  • CentralRegion - NSW Aboriginal Land Council

    CentralRegion - NSW Aboriginal Land Council

    Large Aboriginal populations. Large youth populations. High Aboriginal unemployment rate. Limited employment opportunities. Limited asset base. A strong cultural connection to heritage and country. Most communities in the Central Region are relatively small but are located close to larger regional...
  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    Sequence conservation scores for PTP domains D1 and D2 (ConSurf server result for 63 aligned RPTPs) B (D2) A (D1) C D G1585 D2a1' T1587 D1a6 D1840 Domain 1
  • My family and other animals - miss Stott&#x27;s english class

    My family and other animals - miss Stott's english class

    Most people are having their siesta (afternoon nap) and Gerald can't decide who he should disturb and who would be willing to give him food. He decides to go to Yani and devises a plan to wake him up. Yani...
  • Presentation Title

    Presentation Title

    380-B Shipping Cask (NA-20 sealed sources)* *Supports the Off-Site Source Recovery Program (OSRP) Various Others. NNSA also ships packages that have not, or cannot demonstrate compliance with either the 10 CFR 71 requirements, or the DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations.