ELEMENTS OF DRAMA Drama The word drama comes from the Greek verb dran, which means to do. The Doing/Acting is what makes drama. The earliest known plays. . . Were written around the fifth century B.C Produced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility Drama
is a story told in front of an audience. The Globe Theater Where many of Shakespeares plays were performed in
London, England Open during summer months Daytime performances only Open-Air; O-shaped Burned by cannonball landing on the roof during a performance
Globe Theater Groundlings paid one cent to stand in the pit Gentry paid more for seats in galleries Nobles sat in chairs on side of stage Dramatic Structure Like the plot of a story, the plot of a play involves
characters who face a problem or conflict. Complications tension builds Exposition characters and conflict are introduced Climax point of highest tension;
action determines how the conflict will be resolved Resolution conflict is resolved; play ends Elements of Drama Playwright-the author of a play
Actors-the people who perform Acts-the units of action Scenes-smaller parts of the acts Actors During Shakespeares time, women were not
allowed to act All female roles were played by men (usually by young boys) Dramatic Speech The characters speech may take any of the following forms: Dialogue- conversations of characters on stage Monologue- long speech given by one character to the others
Soliloquy- speech by a character alone onstage to himself, herself, or to the audience Aside- remarks made to the audience or to one character: the other characters onstage do not hear an aside Stage Directions Found in brackets [ ] Describe scenery and how characters speak
From the viewpoint of the actor looking at the audience C, Center Stage L, Stage Left
R, Stage Right U, Upstage or Rear D, Downstage or Front There are two [main] types of plays Tragedies Comedies Tragedy A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily.
Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themes such as right and wrong justice and injustice life and death Tragedies put human limitations against the larger forces of destiny. Tragedy The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a tragic hero. This hero:
is noble and in many ways admirable has a tragic flaw, a personal failing, that leads to a tragic end pride rebelliousness
jealousy Comedy A comedy is a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict. boy meets girl boy loses girl boy wins girl
Comedy The main characters in a comedy could be anyone: nobility townspeople servants Comedy
Comic complications always occur before the conflict is resolved. In most cases, the play ends with a weddingor two or three. Language of Shakespeare Meter is a rhythm of accented and unaccented
syllables which are organized into patterns, called feet. Using the same meter throughout a play helped actors memorize their lines. Shakespeare used iambic pentameter as his meter. Iambic Pentameter Iambic foot (Iamb) a pair of syllables containing
short/long or unstressed/stressed syllables. Pentameter= five So Iambic pentameter is a line that contains five iambs (10 syllables in an unstressed--stressed pattern) Makes a sound like daDUM daDUM daDUM daDUM daDUM Examples
When I do count the clock that tells the time when I do COUNT the CLOCK that TELLS the TIME To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells to SWELL the GOURD, and PLUMP the HAzel SHELLS ShakespeareModern English
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