Escriban En Sus Apuntes

ESCRIBAN EN SUS APUNTES Write the greetings for good morning, good afternoon, and good evening/night. SUBJECT PRONOUNS A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. WHAT IS A PRONOUN? Its a word used instead of a noun (or a phrase containing a noun) Example: `He', `it', `who', and `anything' are

pronouns. When the pronoun is the subject (the person doing the action) of the sentence, it is called a Subject Pronoun. Example: Bob is swimming. He is swimming. WHAT ARE THE ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS? Singular Plural 1st person I We 2nd person You

3rd person He, She, It You all/yall(TX) They ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, but there are some differences. 1st person 2nd person

Singular Plural I = Yo We = nosotros (m) Nosotras (f) You (familiar) = t You (plural, familiar) = vosotros vosotras He = l They (m) = Ellos 3rd person She = ella They (f) = Ellas You (formal) = Usted (Ud.) You (plural) = Ustedes (Uds.)

THE FIRST PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN YO Yo means I and is used in the same way as in English. Yo soy americano. Yo soy estudiante. Note that it is not capitalized unless it starts a sentence:

Mi amigo y yo SECOND PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN T T means you (familiar/ informal) Used when talking to someone familiar Well learn more about this in a moment. 3RD PERSON SINGULAR MASCULINE

L l = he It is used when talking ABOUT a boy/guy/man. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge es mexicano. l es de Guadalajara. DONT forget the accent mark. If you do, you are actually writing the Spanish word for the l = he el = the

3RD PERSON SINGULAR FEMININE ELLA Ella = she It is used when talking ABOUT a girl/woman. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Rosa es mexicana. Ella es de Acapulco. Please pronounce it correctly.

It sounds like (eh-yah) not (el-lah) Remember ll= y sound. FORMAL YOU USTED (UD.) Usted means you (formal) Used when talking to someone you should respect. Abbriviated Capital U lower case d period. (Ud.) Considered a 3rd person singular pronoun. Well learn more about this pronoun in a moment. THE FIRST PERSON PLURAL PRONOUN NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS

Use nosotros/ nosotras to talk about a group of people that includes you. in English we have one word to talk about we, but in Spanish, we distinguish between we masculine and feminine: Juan: Mi hermano y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. Juana: Mi hermana y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotras vivimos en La Paz.

use the masculine pronoun if it refers to a mixed group: Juan: Mi hermano, mi novia, y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. Juana: Mi hermana, mis padres, y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotros vivimos en La Paz. 3RD PERSON PLURAL MASCULINE ELLOS

Ellos = They (masculine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge y Pepe son mexicanos. Ellos son de Guadalajara. Jorge y Ana son alumnos. Ellos son amigos tambin. Please pronounce it correctly.

It sounds like (eh-yohs) not (ellohs) Remember ll= y sound. 3RD PERSON PLURAL FEMININE ELLAS Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of only females. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Sofa y Ana son alumnas. Ellas son amigas tambin. Please pronounce it correctly.

It sounds like (eh-yahs) not (el-lahs) Remember ll= y sound. FORMAL YOU PLURAL USTEDES (UDS.) Abbriviated Capital U, lower case d, lower case s period. (Uds.) Considered a 3rd person plural pronoun. Well learn more about this pronoun in a moment. YOU, YOU, AND YOU

In English, there is only one YOU. It is singular and plural, masculine and feminine, formal and informal Note: yall or you all is not standard English, but we will use it to help learn the Spanish forms of you. In Spanish there are 5 ways to express you t usted (Ud.) vosotros

vosotras ustedes (Uds.) DIFFERENCES YOU: T VS. USTED Lets look at the singular forms first. Each one has a specific time when it used. If you use the wrong one, it can be offensive to the person with whom you are speaking. T = you (informal/familiar) Usted (Ud.) = you (formal) Use t when talking to people with whom you are on a first name basis. friends family small children

people younger than you pets Use Usted when talking with people to whom you should show respect. People in authority (police, teachers, bosses, etc.) Strangers Acquaintances Adults DIFFERENCES YALL In Spanish there are three ways to say all of you

Vosotros Vosotras Ustedes (Uds.) Vosotros/vosotras are the plural forms of t. Ustedes is the plural form of usted. Vosotros is used when talking to a familiar group of males or a mixed group. Vosotras is the feminine form of vosotros and is used when the entire group is female These two familiar forms are used primarily in

Spain. We will not use vosotros/as in class, but you need DIFFERENCES YALL The plural you form ustedes (Uds.) Is used differently in Spain and Latin America. In Spain, vosotros/as is used when talking to an informal group. Uds. is used to address a formal group. In Latin America, Uds. is generally used in both formal and informal situations. (They dont use vosotros/as) Since we use Latin American Spanish in

class, we will only use Uds. to indicate all forms of yall. REVIEW Yo = I First person singular Not capitalized unless the first word of the sentence Used to talk ABOUT yourself T = You (singular, informal/familiar) Second person Singular Use it to talk TO a person that is a friend or family member Third person singular l = he Dont forget the accent

Use it to talk ABOUT a guy. Ella = she Use it to talk ABOUT a girl. Watch the pronunciation. Ud. = You (singular, formal) Use it to talk TO a person that is due respect. Nosotros/as = we First person plural distinguish between we masculine and feminine Used to talk ABOUT yourself and friends Vosotros/as = You (singular, familiar) Second person Plural Use it to talk TO a group of friends or family members. Third person plural Ellos = They (masculine)

It is used when talking ABOUT a group of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of only females. Uds. = You (plural) Use it to talk TO a group of people VIDEO DE REPASO http://foreignlanguagesforkids.com/personalpronouns-in-spanish/ INDEPENDENT PRACTICE Please complete the independent practice activity and paste into your notebooks/

spirals EXTRA PRACTICE! Lets practice working with substituting more subject pronouns with names and multiple people! JEOPARDY! http://www.superteachertools.com/jeopardyx/ jeopardy-review-game-convert.php?gamefile =../jeopardy/usergames/May201018/jeopardy 1273125130.txt

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