Essential Advocacy Tools: Assessment and Care Planning

Essential Advocacy Tools: Assessment and Care Planning

Cultural Competency and Sensitivity in Issues Relating to the Underserved Aging Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender Community California Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program Sara S. Hunt, Consultant March 2018 Learning Objectives Ombudsman representatives will know: Basic definitions of terms,

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) concerns related to long-term care services, Tips for working with LGBT individuals, and Tools and resources for advocacy and education. What Do You Think? 1. What issues do you think LGBT individuals might experience living in a long-term care facility? 2. What makes these experiences different from issues faced by other residents?

Video: Watch and Listen Listen for tips on: 1. Terminology to use. 2. Ways to establish trust to build relationships. 3. Information you will use in Ombudsman advocacy. Video: Roles and Responsibilities 1. Whose role is it to educate and inform residents about respect for everyone? 2. How does the facility deal with the situation? 3. How might you follow up if you overheard that conversation or a similar one?

Definitions Bisexual: Individual who is physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to both men and women. Gay: Individual who has primary physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction to someone of the same sex. Gender Expression: The way a person outwardly expresses their gender identity and/or role.

Gender Identity: Identity based on the individuals stated gender identity, which can differ from physical appearance, sex assigned at birth, or identity as stated by another person. - California LGBT Residents Bill of Rights: An individual who lacks the ability to communicate gender identity shall retain the gender identity most recently expressed by that individual. Definitions are from the Glossary, A Practical Guide to Collecting Data on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, National Resource Center on LGBT Aging . Definitions

Gender-nonconforming: Individual whose gender expression does not conform to stereotypical expectations. Heterosexual: Individual whose primary physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction is to people of the opposite sex. Lesbian: A woman whose primary physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction is to other

women. Transgender: Individual whose gender identity differs from the persons assigned or presumed sex at birth. Transition: To undergo a process by which a person changes physical sex characteristics or gender expression to match the persons inner sense of being male or female. LGBT Older Adults in Long-Term

Care Facilities Stories from the Field, 2010 Study by Justice in Aging Experienced mistreatment due to sexual orientation or gender identity: 43%, Yes (respondent, a loved one, or a client) Types of mistreatment most frequently reported: - Verbal or physical harassment from other residents, - Refused admission or re-admission, attempted or abrupt discharge, - Verbal or physical harassment from staff,

- Staff refusing to accept medical power of attorney from residents spouse or partner, and - Restriction of visitors. Tips for Ombudsman Representatives Working with LGBT Individuals Check your assumptions. Remember that sexual orientation and gender identity are only two aspects of an individual. Let the individual tell you about themselves and their family. Be alert for any assumptions you may have. Use gender neutral language. Respect the gender that transgender individuals consider themselves to be by using the gender-correct

pronouns. Respect the privacy of individuals who may be LGBT. Explain and emphasize your policy on confidentiality. Application Exercises Read the scenario. Respond to the questions. Refer to the resources, LGBT Residents Bill of Rights and the Residents Rights and the LGBT Community documents for ideas. Pat Stone Pat Stone is a transgender individual who was born a man but has lived as a woman for 50 years. She recently suffered a stroke which left her paralyzed on her right side. She now has difficulty

talking and making herself understood since her speech is slow and somewhat garbled. Not having anyone who could help care for her, she was discharged to a nursing home after her hospital stay. She has been given a shared room with a man who has moderate dementia. Pat is very uncomfortable in her current arrangement and feels like she cannot be herself. The social worker at the facility has called the Ombudsman program for assistance. You respond. Adapted from a training for the New Jersey Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program Pat Stone 1. Where do you begin? 2. What are the issues? 3. How do you proceed? List the primary steps you would take and any resources you would/ could use.

4. What would you do to try to prevent similar situations in the facility in the future? Whose Rights Prevail? While you are visiting in Valley View Residential Care Facility, Alex Diaz asks for your help. He says that he and other residents are uncomfortable because there are three people who have moved into their building within the past couple of months who are too different from everyone else. The new residents do not fit in with the community. When they are in the dining room or join in activities, they look and sound different. Other residents try to avoid sitting with them and often leave the room whenever one of them enters. A couple of residents have told the new people to Go away and Go somewhere else where you belong. The Valley View administrator and staff ignore the complaints of the long-time residents. Mr. Diaz is upset and says that an attitude of fear and resentment is simmering among the residents. He asks you to intervene to get the three new

residents to move to another facility. Mr. Diaz says that it is your responsibility to help the residents maintain their quality of life and to be comfortable in their home. Whose Rights Prevail? 1. Where do you begin? 2. What are the issues? 3. How do you proceed? List the primary steps you would take and any resources you would/ could use. 4. What would you do to try to prevent similar situations in the facility in the future? Maggie Smith Maggie Smith became a resident of Happy Hills Nursing Home three

weeks ago. She has severe rheumatoid arthritis and is unable to walk or get out of bed without assistance. She needs help with many of her ADLs. She is fully competent and aware of her surroundings. Her partner of 25 years, Judy, had been caring for her at home, but Judy died suddenly of a heart attack. Realizing she needed around-the-clock care, Maggie chose Happy Hills since it was the only nursing home in her small community. Most of the staff have been polite, but none are really friendly to Maggie. They only come to the room when she calls for assistance. Every day she has a different person responsible for her care. None of the staff have been willing to assist Maggie with a bath or shower since she arrived at the facility. She has asked for assistance, but each time, the staff person makes an excuse, We need two staff and no one else can help, or Its another wings day to use the showers, or Ill come back later to give you a sponge bath. No one returns to give her a bath or shower. Last week after asking again for a bath or shower, Maggie overheard one staff person tell another, I am not giving that lesbian a bath! The second staff person agreed. Maggie complained to the nurse in charge, who said shed take care of it. That was five days ago. Nothing has changed and Maggie still hasnt had a bath. Maggie contacted the Ombudsman program for help. You visit

Happy Hills to respond to Maggies request. Adapted from a training for the New Jersey Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program Maggie Smith 1. Where do you begin? 2. What are the issues? 3. How do you proceed? List the primary steps you would take and any resources you would/ could use. 4. What would you do to try to prevent similar situations in the facility in the future? LGBT Residents Bill of Rights It is unlawful for a LTC facility or facility staff to take any of the following actions wholly or partially on the basis of a persons actual or perceived

sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status: 1. Deny admission to a LTC facility, transfer or refuse to transfer a resident within a facility or to another facility, or discharge or evict a resident from a facility. 2. Deny a request by residents to share a room. 3. Where rooms are assigned by gender, assigning, reassigning, or refusing to assign a room to a transgender resident other than in accordance with the transgender residents gender identity, unless at the transgender residents request. 4. Prohibit a resident from using, or harass a resident who seeks to use or does use, a restroom available to other persons of the same gender identity, regardless of whether the resident is making a gender transition or appears to be gender-nonconforming. Harassment includes, but is not limited to, requiring a resident to show identity documents in order to gain entrance to a restroom available to other persons of the same gender identity. LGBT Residents Bill of Rights

5. Willfully and repeatedly fail to use a residents preferred name or pronouns after being clearly informed of the preferred name or pronouns. 6. Deny a resident the right to wear or be dressed in clothing, accessories, or cosmetics that are permitted for any other resident. 7. Restrict a residents right to associate with other residents or with visitors, including the right to consensual sexual relations, unless the restriction is uniformly applied to all residents in a nondiscriminatory manner. This section does not preclude a facility from banning or restricting sexual relations, as long as the ban or restriction is applied uniformly and in a nondiscriminatory manner. 8. Deny or restrict medical or nonmedical care that is appropriate to a residents organs and bodily needs, or provide medical or nonmedical care in a manner that, to a similarly situated reasonable person, unduly demeans the residents dignity or causes avoidable discomfort. LGBT Residents Bill of Rights

In addition: The LGBT LTC Facility Residents Bill of Rights shall not apply to the extent that it is incompatible with any professionally reasonable clinical judgment. Each facility shall post the following notice alongside its current nondiscrimination policy in all places and on all materials where that policy is posted: [Name of facility] does not discriminate and does not permit discrimination, including, but not limited to, bullying, abuse, or harassment, on the basis of actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or HIV status, or based on association with another individual on account of that individuals actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or HIV status. You may file a

complaint with the Office of the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman [provide contact information] if you believe that you have experienced this kind of discrimination. Long-term care facilities shall protect personally identifiable information regarding residents sexual orientation, whether a resident is transgender, a residents transition history, and HIV status from unauthorized disclosure.

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