Evaluating the Information Technology Agreement

Evaluating the Information Technology Agreement

The Information Technology Agreement and World Trade Bijit Bora Counsellor Economic Research and Statistics Division World Trade Organisation Geneva, Switzerland 1 Outline of the presentation Methodology issues Trends in ITA trade Interests of non-ITA Members Impact of the ITA on trade Summary observations Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 2 Methodology issues

Commitments are tariff line Country commitments are only in flags in the CTS HS 6 as specified in the agreement is too broad Nomenclature concordance issues Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 3 Trend in world ITA exports 1000 $ Billion 800 600 400 200 0 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004

4 ITA trade by region, 2002 Exports 26.3% 46.2% Imports 17.2% Asia North America Western Europe Transition Economies Middle East Africa 61.4% 19.1%

Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 5.3% Latin America 12.1% 4.3% 5 Major ITA traders, 2002 Import 23.2 USA 7.7 Japan EU 17.4 Export

0 10 15.6 China Singapore 11.4 20 11.3 30 10.2 Korea, Rep. 10.8 40 6.5 Chinese Taipei

9.3 50 4.3 8.2 60 Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 5 4.8 3.1 Malaysia 7.6 70 19.6 Canada 6.4 1.6

80 Others 16 90 100 6 World exports by ITA membership, 2002 Brazil S. Africa ITA 95.7% Mexico Non-ITA 3.9% Other Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004

7 World imports by ITA membership, 2002 Brazil South Africa ITA 94.1% Non-ITA Mexico 4.2% Other Non-ITA Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 8 Major ITA products, 2002 2002 35 30

Computer 1996 Semi-conductor manuf & equip Telecom 38 0 10 20 19 Parts Instruments Software 16 9

30 30 40 50 60 Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 12 70 80 90 3 4 3 100 9

Remaining tariff barriers Among ITA Members Implementation obligations continue to 2005 Difficult to ascertain due to lack of precision on data Some ITA Members do not have flags in CTS Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 10 Remaining tariff barriers Among non-ITA Members

Significant markets are Brazil, Mexico and South Africa Binding coverage Brazil and Mexico 100%; S.A. 99% Binding average Brazil 30.5%; Mexico 34.6%; S.A. 11.3% Applied tariff rates Brazil 13%; Mexico 13%; S.A. 1.5% Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 11 Avg. tariffs of Non-ITA Members by ITA product 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Software Telecom

Computer Instruments Parts Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 Semiconductor 12 Impact of the ITA agreement Very little work has been undertaken specifically on the ITA Broader work done on the impact of multilateral agreements in general Preliminary work using a basic framework, suggests the membership in ITA has a 10% effect on world trade Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 13

Summary and conclusions ITA products are important part of world trade Some transparency issues with respect to ITA obligations Difficult to quantify with precision Highly concentrated export structure, based on existing definition Non-ITA member barriers are high, but other than 3 countries are a small share of world ITA trade Bijit Bora, WTO ITA Symposium, 18 October, 2004 14

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    Either way, attending Job Fair is a great way to learn more about career opportunities and build connections with employers. Practice your networking skills, ask questions about opportunities, and make a positive impression on employers to increase your chances of...
  • Office of the Provost - SUNY Oneonta

    Office of the Provost - SUNY Oneonta

    Office of the Provost. Faculty Handbook Update Project. Office of Academic Programs (OAP) Dr. Eileen Morgan-Zayachek, Associate Provost. Shanna Meeker, Secretary. FH Project: Dr. Richard Lee, Interim Dean: Arts and Humanities. ... Paul Adamo, V.P. for College Advancement. Maureen Artale,...
  • Dias nummer 1 - ku

    Dias nummer 1 - ku

    Chambers Improvement on level 1 would provide citizens with better input and better models for levels 2 and 3. Dias . 11-11-2015. Tekst starter uden punktopstilling. For at få punkt-opstilling på teksten, brug forøg indrykning. For at få venstre-stillet tekst...
  • DPR302: Asymptotes and Algorithms What You've Forgotten Since ...

    DPR302: Asymptotes and Algorithms What You've Forgotten Since ...

    The Only Thing Hard About This is… The language we chose to use to describe it. ?=??2 ?+??=?=0???????−?
  • Ancient Numeration Systems - Southeast Missouri State University

    Ancient Numeration Systems - Southeast Missouri State University

    Greek numerals. α alpha. ß beta gamma. δ delta. ε epsilon zeta eta theta iota kappa lambda mu nu xi omicron
  • Polynomial functions of Higher degree Chapter 2.2

    Polynomial functions of Higher degree Chapter 2.2

    Polynomial functions of Higher degree Chapter 2.2 You should be able to sketch the graphs of a polynomial function of: Degree 0, a Constant Function Degree 1, a Linear Function Degree 2, a Quadratic Function In this section you will...
  • Powered Industrial Trucks (29 DFR 1910.178)

    Powered Industrial Trucks (29 DFR 1910.178)

    This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Tools - Hand and Power. 29 CFR 1926 Subpart I . ... Basic Tool Safety Rules. ... Bandsaws and band resaws. All portions of saw...
  • Climate Change Mitigation Bruce A. McCarl Distinguished Professor

    Climate Change Mitigation Bruce A. McCarl Distinguished Professor

    Key Concepts. Climate Change is a global commons problem that implies the need for international cooperation in tandem with regional policies. Because the emissions of any agent affect every other, an effective outcome will not be achieved if individual agents...