Evolved Gas Analysis of Carbonaceous Chondrites in ...

Evolved Gas Analysis of Carbonaceous Chondrites in ...

Evolved Gas Analysis of Carbonaceous Chondrites in Application to NASAs OSIRIS-REx KATHERINA MARCHESE, UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA DANTE L AURETTA, OSIRIS-REX PRINCIPLE INVESTIGATOR Chondrite Overview Chondrites are organized and divided into subgroups: Carbonaceous, Ordinary, Enstatite, Kakangari, and Rumuruti Beyond the main subdivision, chondrites are divided and organized into chemical groups based on petrologic type. Carbonaceous chondrites are among some of the most primitive materials from early solar system formation approximately 4.5 billion years ago SAM Evolved Gas Analysis The purpose of evolved gas analysis is collect mass spectrometry data on volatile elements and compounds within samples. The focus of this project involves interpreting this data to predict the loss of volatile elements

in meteorites when exposed to high temperatures, such as entering Earths atmosphere. Source: NASA CO Chondrite: Ornans Ornans is a type specimen for the CO3 group within the branch of carbonaceous chondrites. The chondrites fall was observed in France in 1968. A typical CO chondrite (Carbonaceous Ornans) contain a matrix that is more abundant than ordinary chondrites. Most CO chondrites have experienced some degree of thermal metamorphism, however is unlikely affected by aqueous alteration. Figure 1: EGA Data from Ornans Meteorite CM Chondrites: Murray and Cold Bokkeveld CM (carbonaceous Mighei-like)

Chondrites Type 1 CM chondrites are completed hydrated by aqueous alteration. Both Cold Bokkeveld and Murray are classified as CM2 carbonaceous chondrites. Murray was discovered in 1950 after an observed fall. Cold Bokkeveld was discovered in South Africa in 1838. Figure 3: EGA Data from Cold Bokkeveld Meteorite Figure 3: EGA Data from Murray Meteorite CI Chondrite: Orgueil CI1 (carbonaceous Ivuna-like) carbonaceous chondrite Known to have compositions that are similar to the suns photosphere. Its fall was observed in France in 1864, and is one of the five known meteorites belonging to the CI

classification. Presolar grains have been observed in Orgueil. Figure 4: EGA Data from Orgueil Meteorite CV Chondrite: Allende CV (carbonaceous Vigarano-like) chondrites CV chondrites also consist of the oxidized and reduced subtypes: CV-oxA, CV-oxB, and CV-red. The oxidized subgroup CV-oxA (oxidized, Allende-like) One of the most famous meteorites is the Allende chondrite, which fell in Mexico in 1969. Figure 5: EGA Data from Allende Meteorite Calculation of Abundances H2O @ Mass 19

H2O @ Mass 20 Benzene (78) mols 1.60E-05 1.28E-05 4.03E-11 umol 16.05 12.83 4.03E-05 1.48

4.66E-06 H2O @ Mass 19 H2O @ Mass 20 Benzene (78) mols 4.42E-05 3.85E-07 4.03E-11 umol 44.24 0.38 4.03E-05

0.05 4.66E-06 H2O @ Mass 19 H2O @ Mass 20 Benzene (78) mols 2.39E-05 2.72E-05 6.08E-11 umol 23.90

27.21 6.08E-05 1.56 3.48E-06 Ornans Abundances for water and benzene were taken using an ionization cross section ratio of CO2. Wt % of Sample 1.85 Orgueil Wt % of Sample 6.13 Source: Archer, Paul Douglas, et al. Abundances and Implications of Volatile-Bearing Species from Evolved Gas Analysis of the Rocknest Aeolian Deposit, Gale Crater, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets,

vol. 119, no. 1, 2014, pp. 237254. Allende Wt % of Sample 1.37 Abundances Continued Murray H2O @ Mass 19 H2O @ Mass 20 Benzene (78) mols 1.82E-05 8.88E-05 8.47E-08

umol 18.25 88.83 8.47E-02 12.79 1.22E-02 H2O @ Mass 19 H2O @ Mass 20 Benzene (78) mols 6.70E-05 4.83E-05

5.29E-10 umol 67.04 48.26 5.29E-04 Wt % of Sample 10.68 7.69 8.43E-05 Wt % of Sample 2.63 Cold Bokkeveld

Significant Findings It is important to recognize the volatility of important carbon based molecules and water, because on return, it can help predict and account for losses from enviable outcomes on return of samples from Bennu There is a significant amount of water-bearing minerals present in the bulk chemistry in CM and CI chondrites. Limitations to SAM breadboard Acknowledgments Special thanks to: NASA Space Grant Consortium Dante Lauretta, PI of OSIRIS-REx, Heather Franz, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

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