Exploring Assessment for Learning

Exploring Assessment for Learning

Learning-focused relationships Page 1 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Background At the heart of assessment for learning is the idea, supported by evidence, that students who truly understand and are involved in their learning have accelerated rates of achievement. In order for students to have this participation in

their learning, a genuine learning-focused relationship must exist in the classroom. Creating a learning-focused relationship aligns with the intent of the New Zealand curriculum, to create competent, self-motivated and involved citizens. Page 2 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Challenge All teachers and leaders would like to think

they have learning-focused relationships with their students or staff. Part of the challenge for teachers and leaders is to review whether what they think characterises their classroom matches how the students experience it. Page 3 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. You can use this presentation to: update, review and/or reflect on the learning focus in

your classrooms and school use as a resource for exploring professional development in creating learning-focused relationships clarify the purpose and value of establishing learning-focused relationships identify strategies that improve the quality of learning relationships Page 4 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector.

What is a learning- focused relationship? A relationship which has its primary focus on learning A relationship which is based on mutual respect, and an expectation that students can and should have ownership of their learning if the teacher shows them how A relationship in which teachers and students have a shared language around learning. Transparency means there is no guessing for students A relationship in which there is shared understanding of teacher role and student role in learning and the opportunity to negotiate this

Page 5 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Why is it so important? Students who experience a learningfocused classroom: are active in their learning are motivated in their learning seek descriptive feedback can test and reflect on their learning Page 6

New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Michael Absolum: Clarity in the Classroom (2006) Learning-focused relationships are about using the considerable potential in the relationship between teacher and student to maximise the students engagement with learning; about enabling the student to play a meaningful role in deciding what to learn and how to learn it; and about enabling the student to

become a confident, resilient, active, self-regulating learner. Page 7 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. What gets focused on, flourishes We want learning to flourish. It will not flourish if the teacher focuses primarily on: Controlling students Caring for students Providing tasks and activities designed only to hook the students in, tasks they enjoy but do not

necessarily learn from Page 8 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Have a look at these ways of operating in the classroom on the following three slides: controlling, caring and providing activities All are essential for the effective operation of a classroom but, when allowed to dominate, are not conducive to creating students who are in control of their

learning. Page 9 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. The controlling relationship Focused on compliance Behaviour is a central theme Reward systems around behaviour are prominent Often guessing what is in the teachers head

A lot of messages are given about whats important, and theyre not necessarily bad, but learning and self regulation of learning may not be a part of them. Page 10 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. The caring relationship Focused on feelings, self esteem Makes concessions for students background, socio-economic status, etc.

Feeling good and being liked are central themes It is important to address affective issues for students to be able to learn, but they should be addressed in the context of the bigger picture of learning. Page 11 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. The activity-focused relationship

Focus on doing Central messages about quantity, working hard, getting finished Focus on finding activities that will engage the students Students can learn, but by accident rather than by design the scattergun approach. The intended learning from the activities is often unclear, to teacher and students. Page 12 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector.

What do your students think? How do you know what sort of relationship youve got in your classroom? Try asking your students. Or have someone else ask them. What does your teacher say about learning? What messages are given? (For example, its okay to make mistakes.) What messages do you get at assembly? Who decides what youre going to learn each day? Do you have a chance to make decisions about your learning? Page 13 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education

sector. Reflection on relationships Reflect on the relationship between you and your students What are the main messages I have communicated to my students? How have I developed these messages with my students? What impact has this had on my students? Page 14 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education

sector. A culturally responsive pedagogy of relations Teachers should: Adapted from Te Kotahitanga care for students as culturally located individuals have high expectations of the learning for students manage their classrooms so as to promote learning engage in a range of learning interactions with students or help students to engage with others in these ways know a range of strategies that can facilitate learning promote, monitor and reflect upon learning outcomes

that in turn lead to improvements in student achievement and share this knowledge with the students. Page 15 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. There are deliberate ways by which you can develop a learning-focused relationship in your classroom. The following ideas are catalysts for both teachers and students: to think about what it means to be a learner to think about the different roles they have

within the learning process. Page 16 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Brainstorm what is learning? and what does it mean to be a learner? This can be a class or group activity. Read together what the dictionary and thesaurus have to say about learning. Write down and display the definition and the synonyms for learning.

Write individual definitions of what learning means. Combine into a class definition, to be displayed. Page 17 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Discuss and display on a chart: What learning might look like, sound like and feel like Any issues or concerns about partnership and student engagement; for example, working together as a team.

What might get in the way of your students learning? What are their fears about learning? How might they overcome their fears, and help others overcome their fears. Page 18 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. To enhance the learning partnership Insist on an atmosphere of trust and challenge in the classroom in which students are not afraid or embarrassed to be confused or

wrong. Ask the students to monitor this. Consider ways for students to help plan units of work, and to plan assessments. Ask the students to help design the seating plan in the room. Ask them to decide which would be the best place for them to sit to enhance their learning. Page 19 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. For many more ideas on establishing

learning-focused relationships in your classroom, download the document: Ideas for creating an assessment-focused relationshi p from the TKI Assessment Online website. Page 20 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. t en h,

d u St earc s re tes o qu io d t n i a in

f de Page 21 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education ns sector. Page 22 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. s rt a

Ch Y- Page 23 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Page 24 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Page 25

New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. Page 26 New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector. References and readings Absolum, M. (2006). Clarity in the classroom. Auckland: Hodder Education. Page 27

New Zealand Ministry of Education copying restricted to use by New Zealand education sector.

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