Expressions of past time

CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO UAEM VALLE DE TEOTIHUACN INGENIERA EN COMPUTACIN INGLS C1 DESCRIBING AND EXCHANGING MEMORABLE EXPERIENCES Fecha de elaboracin agosto 2016. Periodo 2016-B L. en A. Miriam Elizabeth Ramos Muoz UNIVERSIDAD AUTNOMA DEL ESTADO DE MXICO CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO UAEM VALLE DE

TEOTIHUACN Ingls C1 Unit A Describing and exchanging memorable experiences Clave Horas teric as Horas prcti cas

Tot al de hor as L0006 2 2 2 4

Crdit os Tipo de unidad de aprendiz aje Carcter de la unidad de

aprendiz aje Ncleo de la unidad de aprendiz aje 6 Obligatori a

Curricular Bsico NDICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Introduction Purpose of the competence unit Objective Past tenses Considerations for the use of past tenses Pronunciation of regular verbs in past tenses Conclusion Bibliography INTRODUCTION This subject will allow students to develop communication strategies for memorable experience descriptions using different

past tenses as well as resuming their previously acquired knowledge. 2. Purpose of the competence unit Asking and talking about past memorable events and states in the past, recent activities and completed actions. Sharing personal experiences, anecdotes and / or unbelievable facts paying close attention to logical sequence and verb tense agreement. Understanding the grammar function & meaning of a word according to the context

3.OBJECTIVE Understanding and narrating past events using a variety of grammatical structures that give coherence and cohesion to oral and written discourse as well as identifying essential elements for understanding general ideas of a narrative of past events. 4. Past tenses 4.1COMPLETED EVENTS PAST SIMPLE The simple past tense is used to talk about complete

actions in the past. GRAMMATICAL RULES 1. To form the past simple regular verbs, we use the infinitive and add the ending "ed". The form is the same for everyone (I, you, he, she, it, we, they) EXAMPLES They learned English I wanted to dance. EXCEPTIONS 1. For verbs that end in "e", we only add "d. CHANGE

BELIEVE CHANGED BELIEVED 2. If the verb ends in a short vowel and a consonant (except "and" or "w"), double the final consonant. STOP STOPPED COMMIT COMMITTED 3. With verbs ending in a consonant and a "and"

changed the "y" with an "i". STUDY TRY STUDIED TRIED 2. There are many irregular verbs in English. Unfortunately, there is no a established standard. BE WAS ( I, HE, SHE, IT ) WERE ( YOU, WE, THEY )

DO DID HAVE HAD EXAMPLES Last night we walked (walk) to the cinema. Sam stopped (stop) the car to take a picture.

I studied (study) for the exam for three hours. They were (be) happy to be home. Sally was (be) disappointed she missed (miss) the party. I dreamed (dream) I could fly last night. We met (meet) them at the restaurant. 4.2 EVENTS THAT WERE IN PROGRESS AT A PAST POINT PAST CONTINUOUS The past continuous is used for actions that occurred at a specific time in the past. As the present continuous, it is

formed with the auxiliary verb "to be" and the gerund. FORM To form the past continuous auxiliary verb "to be" and the gerund (infinitive + "ing") of the verb is used. The auxiliary verb "to be" is in the simple past, but keep in mind that "to be" is an irregular verb. I, he, she, it was talking, eating, learning, doing, going

you, we, they were talking, eating, learning, doing, going EXAMPLES 4.3 EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE AT AN EARLIER POINT TO A PAST ACTION PAST PERFECT In general, we use it for actions that occurred before another action in the past.

GRAMMATICAL RULES As in the present perfect, the past perfect is formed with the auxiliary verb "to have" and the past participle. Contraction I, you, he, she, it, we, they had Id, youd, hed, shed, itd, wed, theyd

studied, visited, worked, bought EXAMPLES 4.4 SIMULTANEOUS EVENTS IN THE PAST PAST CONTINUOUS In general, we use it for actions in process of realization in the past before another action occurred. EXAMPLES They were watching the movie for an hour when we were playing cards.

Anne was writing a letter while Steve was reading the New York Times. While she was sleeping, he was working. My aunt was cooking dinner while his husband was watching TV. I was walking on the street while she was washing the car 5. CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE

USE OF PAST TENSES 5.1 ELEMENTS THAT GIVE THE NARRATIVE SEQUENCE The sequence refers to the order in which is written a text and component parts. Written or texts must contain three essential parts: o Introduction o Development o Conclusion THE

INTRODUCTION is the first step of the narrative sequence and allows to introduce the characters and begin the development of history. THE DEVELOPMENT, includes the main events, those that transform and drive the narrative. IN THE CONCLUSION of the narrative sequence resolve conflicts and tension of the narrative is disarticulated. 5.2 VARIOUS RESOURCES TO

EXPRESS A PAST EVENT TIME EXPRESSIONS Yesterday The other day Last week, last month, last year When ago EXAMPLES Yesterday, I went to the beach with my friend Aly because it the sun was shinning.

The other day Peter came over and we had a chat about our trip to Paris. Last month, I went to The Script concert and I feel madly in love with the lead singer Danny O'Donoghue. We started hanging out together and becoming an item when we were in college. TEMPORARY EXPRESIONS 3. SPECIFYING THE WEEK,

1. SPECIFYING THE DAY YESTERDAY TOMORROW TODAY 2. SPECIFYING THE TIME OF DAY

LAST NIGHT TONIGHT TOMORROW NIGHT IN THE MORNING MONTH OR YEAR LAST WEEK

LAST MONTH LAST YEAR 4. OTHER EXPRESSIONS FOR TIME FIVE MINUTES AGO AN HOUR AGO

A WEEK AGO TWO DAYS AGO A LONG TIME AGO A YEAR AGO 6. PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS IN PAST TENSE. PRONUNCIATION AND INTONATION OF COMMON EXPRESSIONS IN PAST TENSE. English pronunciation and spelling are not strictly related as for example in Spanish. We can also find hundreds of examples where a single word can have two different pronunciations

such as the verb "read" pronounced / rid / in present time but pronounced as / network / last time. In this same way, -ed ending in regular verbs in the past tense, they can have 3 different pronunciations. 6.1 ED PRONOUNCED AS / D / "When the last sound of the verb is / t / and / d /, the -ed sounds like an extra syllable is pronounced / d / EXAMPLES

NEEDED EDITED VISITED WANTED STARTED 6.2. ED PRONOUNCED AS /D/ "When the last sound of the word is a vibrant sound, -ed is pronounced simply as a / d / sound." A vibrant sound or voiced sound is just a sound that makes the vocal cords vibrate. EXAMPLES

AMAZED CHANGED DREAMED BANGED 6.3. ED PRONOUNCED AS /T/ "When the last sound of the verb is a non twang, the -ed is pronounced simply as a sound / t /." A vibrant not voiceless sound or sound is just a sound

that makes the vocal cords vibrate. EXAMPLES STOPPED TALKED LAUGHED KISSED Conclusion By studying the past students learn how and why people lived. They also are able to talk about their memorable experience and have better strategies to express their ideas and feelings.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Schoenberg, I (2008), Focus on Grammar (2nd ed), London: Longman.

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