How birds see their world Behavior & Conservation Lab California State University Long Beach E-mail: [email protected] Birds Eye View: http://www.csulb.edu/web/labs/bcl/birdseyeview/
Question? Please, establish how YOU see their world. Colors you perceive. Angle around your head from which you can see. Maximum distance at which you can read. How often you move your eyes.
Bird vision is very complex Color vision (ability to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths of the light they reflect/emit). Birds can perceive more colors than humans. Visual fields (amount of space around the head from
which visual information can be gathered). HUGE variability among bird species. Visual acuity (ability to distinguish two objects as different). Highly variable among bird species.
Eye movement (tracks visual stimuli). Somewhat restricted in birds. Variability in visual systems in birds Differences in visual systems among
species ? Reduce predation ?
Improve ability to find food Horned Owl American Crow
Mallard What is the main morphological difference in their eyes? Eye
n i t n e m e
plac l l u k s
e h t How do you expect the visual fields of these species to be in relation to YOURS?
Draw a schematic representation Visual fields: the limits of the space around an animal from which information can be obtained. direction of the bill
binocular area (food handling) Lateral areas (detection of predators, conspecifics, etc.) blind area top-view
Inter-specific differences in avian visual perception Type 1 Type 2 Type 3
top-views Visual field: eye exam on birds ophthalmoscope + visual field apparatus
How do birds eat? Head-up = vigilance or scanning Do all species use the same body movements when it comes time to grab a bite? Do all species have the eyes placed in the same spot in the skull?
Which species will be able to see while foraging? Why are they able to see? Why is that important for them? Blind area Area from with
visual information available Head up Head down How do humans track visual targets within
the visual field? Mostly through eye movements. Why do we need to move our eyes? Human retina Birds have limited eye
movements! How are they supposed to follow a visual target? How often do birds move their heads? Use the tally counters to count EVERY single (and subtle) head movement of a house finch
foraging. Overall video length = 83 seconds. Calculate the rate per minute and per second. What have you learned today? Variations in the visual field of different bird
species in relation to humans. How birds move their heads to track visual targets. Make predictions.
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