Facial Expression and Gesture Dr. Nancy Alvarado Proximity Closeness, orientation toward others, motion, all communicate social information. Even geometric objects look social when they behave socially (e.g., cartoons). Autistic children and adults lack this information, with consequent social deficits
https://info.med.yale.edu/chldstdy/neuroimg/sat_movies.htm In Group/Out Group Knowledge of proper gesture and proxemics signals inclusion in a social group. Cross-cultural differences produce a feeling of discomfort Abnormal behavior also produces discomfort and exclusion. Universals vs Culture
Gestures vary widely across cultures, with unfortunate consequences. Bushs satanic gesture Certain facial expressions seem to be universal cross-culturally: Smiles Ekman & Friesens basic emotions
Evolution and Expression Darwins theory of emotional expression. Dogs and other species with dominance hierarchy use displays of aggression. Dominance displays are different than predatory or survival-related displays. Dogs Primates
Encoding vs Decoding A display tends to evolve along with the ability to interpret or understand that display. Signals of danger are useless without the ability to know what they mean. Decoding and attribution are not the same
thing. Reading Body Language Faces are not readouts of emotion or any other internal state. People can control their expression. People can portray false expressions. Deception protects internal privacy in a social world. Deception makes social interaction
smoother. Nurses Study Each trial includes: One person looking at a gross amputation film but lying about it. One person looking at pretty scenery and telling the truth about it.
Your job is to tell which is which. For each segment indicate T or F (if lying). Most People Cant Catch a Lie The cues that signal lying are not those people think go with lying. They are NOT: Shifty eyes (averted gaze) Nervousness or hesitation
Look for inconsistencies, thinking where no thought is required, micro-expressions. Expression Varies Across Cultures How much expression is considered appropriate varies: By sex (females more, males less) By social class (Woloff griots, Italian professional mourners, upper vs lower class
British and American) By culture (Japanese forms of address, hotheaded Latin cultures) Expression and Collectivism Homogeneous, high-density, collectivist cultures emphasize social cohesion. Conformity is rewarded Shame is expressed Heterogeneous, competitive, individualist
cultures emphasize individuality. Expressivity is rewarded Guilt is expressed (personal responsibility) How Expression Regulates Affect Emotion is contagious Depressed people feel better, non-depressed feel worse after an interaction.
Expression affects internal subjective experience facial feedback. Smile in order to feel better. Venting intensifies, not decreases affect.
Students need additional practice selecting more than one correct synonym for a given word using informational reading selections. ... Notice that the sample item is not asking the usual question, "What is the definition of lithe?" Instead, the question is...
Continued cultivation of relationship. Trust. Commitment and Engagement. When working with communities we have to remember and accept that collective self-determination is the responsibility and right of all people in a community. No external entity should assume it can bestow...
THE WAR AT HOME. When Canada had entered the war, the country was in an economic recession, but by 1916, the economy was booming. After Prime Minister Borden replaced the Shell Committee with the more efficient Imperial Munitions Board, munitions...
Some of the earliest evidence of the use of symbols and script in India, from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. An organized system of government and culture developed at around the same time in the river valleys...
Perspective. HIV-1 has evolved to replicate continuously in the presence of active host immune responses, and has therefore acquired mechanisms to overcome all immune responses in most infected individuals.
Text Genre: Informal Letter ... Feature. greeting. Dear name, closing. Your friend, signature . Luisa. commas. Closing and greeting both begin with capital letters and have commas. Informal Letter.docx. Writing a Friendly Letter. Friendly Letter\Informal Letter.docx. Reviews. Chapter 1 Test...
Male Hypogonadism More than just a low testosterone? KM Pantalone Endocrinology Symptoms of Low Testosterone Reduction in SHBG level Sex Hormone Binding Globulin In these settings checking the level of free testosterone and/or bioavailable testosterone may be more appropriate Bioavailable...
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