Introducti on to Apologetics FaithFromEvidence.org Introducti on to Apologetics Session #11 Christianity and Public Policy
Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org Christianity and Public Policy Session Goals To better understand current public policy issues in America and how they relate to the Christian worldview. Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org Christianity and Public Policy Areas of Study Questions from the Skeptics
Christians and Politics Marriage Same Sex Marriage Abortion Hate Crime Legislation Taxation Modern Feminism Separation of Church and State Questions from the Skeptics (revisited) Faith FaithFromEvidence.org
Christianity and Public Policy Foundational Scripture Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Therefore, whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. For he is Gods minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is Gods minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. Romans 13:1-5 Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Questions from the Skeptics Shouldnt Christians be removed from the world? Shouldnt a woman have the right to do what she wants with her body? Why shouldnt gays have the same rights as heterosexuals? Does life really begin at conception? Isnt separation of church and state in the Constitution? Shouldnt we embrace all kinds of families? Isnt it better to divorce than live in hostility? Isnt a gay adoptive family better for kids than a destructive heterosexual one? Doesnt the Bible discriminate against women?
FaithFromEvidence.org Christians and Politics FaithFromEvidence.org Christians and Politics What is the role of Christians in public policy and politics? In the Old Testament God appoints kings and judges to make and enforce public policy. And while public policy cannot stop sin, it can constrain it. Joseph in Egypt and Daniel in Babylon occupied top governmental positions to protect Gods people and extend His kingdom.
Unlike the Roman Empire in the first century, our country is a participatory republic. We have the obligation to make our voices heard and to get involved in dialogue. Our government asks us, as citizens, to participate. Being salt and light in this age means contending responsibly for godly standards wherever they are under assault,There is no escaping the mixture of religion and politics, because nearly every law is the result of somebodys judgment about what is good and what is bad. Tom Minnery, Why You Cant Stay Silent FaithFromEvidence.org Christians and Politics Christians and civil disobedience The most dramatic example of civil disobedience in the New Testament can be found
in Acts 4 and 5. When Peter and John were commanded not to preach the gospel, their response was, We must obey God rather than men. Acts 5:29 The state is not a special sphere of authority to promote or enhance the kingdom of God. It is an agent of the kingdom of Satan that God ordains and uses primarily as His servant to bring terrestrial judgment on sinners. Accordingly, disobedience to the evil state is never sin in cases when public policy would compel us to violate a clear commandment of God or to disregard or abrogate a conviction we hold with a strong basis in Scripture. In all other cases, disobedience to the state might be sinful.. John Cobin, Ph.D, Bible and Government: Public Policy from a Christian Perspective Pray for our governing leaders (1Timothy 2:1-3) and to respect those in authority (Romans 13:1-7) Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Christians and Politics Christians and this world And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God. Romans 12:2 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here. John 18:36 Does this mean, stay out of politics? Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. Genesis 2:24 Facts about marriage Reproduction depends on a man and a woman.
Men and women are complementary in child rearing. Children need a mother and a father. Children perform best when raised by both biological parents. Marriage helps couples to stay together and care for children. Government support of marriage protects children by incentivizing men and women to commit to each other and take responsibility for their children. Marriage serves a general public purpose. Marital breakdown weakens civil society. Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible
Marriage and Society The social institution of marriage emerged in the Hebrew Torah over three thousand years ago and was subsequently endorsed by every succeeding Western culture. The long-established tradition of marriage worked to stabilize societies and has provided a secure environment for children since its inception. Protection for women It was further believed that marriage sought to protect and provide for women and domesticate men. FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible
Covenant The biblical view of holy matrimony elevated marriage to the status of a lifelong covenant between a man, woman, and God. And although mutual love was always a priority, the idea was that love would flow from the lasting commitment rather than the commitment flowing from the volatile emotions of love. Parenting Parenting was a selfless relationship which always placed the childs best interest over all others. The marriage covenant provides stability and nurturing for the children. Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible Single Parenting Child poverty can be linked directly to the breakdown of the family, as never-married mothers are seven times more likely to live in poverty than those married to the biological father of their children. Research shows that 80 percent of child poverty is found among single mothers. Of the children born to unwed mothers, only 6.7 percent will reach their eighteenth birthday without experiencing poverty. Crime and Divorce The Center for Law and Social Policy reported, Most researchers now agree that studies support the notion that, on average, children do best when raised by their two biological parents. The Progressive Policy Institute reports that the relationship between crime and one-parent family is so strong that controlling the
family configuration erases the relationship between race and crime and between low income and crime. This conclusion shows up time and again in the literature. Further, 72 percent of Americas youngest murderers, 70 percent of long-term prison inmates and 60 percent of rapists come from single-mother families. Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage and the Bible Divorce and Children Judith Wallerstein published the results of the most comprehensive research on the effects of divorce on children in her groundbreaking book, The Unexpected Legacy
of Divorce. She is widely considered the worlds foremost authority on the subject. She found that a year after the divorce, 44 percent of children were found to be in a significantly deteriorating psychological condition while almost half exhibited heightened aggression and anxiety. Ten years later two-thirds of all the children showed symptoms of stress, and half said their lives had been destroyed by the divorce. The National Survey of Children found that 80 percent of adolescents in mental hospitals and 60 percent of children in psychiatric clinics have been through a divorce. Wallerstein summarizes years of research by stating, It would be hard to find any other group of children except perhaps the victims of a natural disaster who have suffered such a rate of sudden serious psychological problems. Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org
Marriage and the Bible According to the best available sociological evidence, children fare best on virtually every examined indicator when reared by their wedded biological parents. Studies that control for other factors, including poverty and even genetics, suggest that children reared in intact homes do best on educational achievement, emotional health, familial and sexual development, and delinquency and incarceration. Marriage and the Public Good: Ten Principles, August _and_democracy/WI_Marriage.pdf 2008,
pp. 919,www.winst.org/family_ marriage Marriage under attack No fault divorce Entitlement programs Sexual liberation Cultural icons diminishing marriage Same sex marriage
FaithFromEvidence.org Same Sex Marriage FaithFromEvidence.org Same Sex Marriage Video Marriage and Society the Big Picture Alliance Defending Freedom
FaithFromEvidence.org Marriage the Big Picture Faith From Evidence Same Sex Marriage Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; Who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; Who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Isaiah 5:20 False premise of same sex marriage You are born gay Kids dont need a mother and father Marriage is about love
Gays are being denied their basic human right to marry Gay marriage will strengthen families Opposing gay marriage is intolerant and bigoted Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Same Sex Marriage Same sex marriage and traditional marriage Family advocates argue that same-sex marriage will further erode the bonds of traditional marriage, while secularists reject such an argument, citing a 12 percent reduction in divorce among Scandinavian countries which legalized gay marriage
in the mid-1990s. What we know is that between 1990 and 2000, Norways out-of-wedlock birth rate increased from 39 percent to 50 percent; in Sweden it rose from 47 percent to 55 percent; and in Denmark it rose from 46 percent to 60 percent. With fewer people getting married, its only logical that the decline in divorce would follow. Whats happening is what social conservatives have long suspected, that marriage itself is in deep decline. FaithFromEvidence.org Same Sex Marriage The decline in marriage can be explained by the diminishing link between marriage and children. That is to say, from a social perspective marriage is primarily about
raising children, not love. The reason governments got involved in marriage is because of the strong social benefits of providing a stable environment for the next generation. The government should not be in the love and lust business, but it can provide incentives for good social behavior. Gay marriage further erodes the link between marriage and children, making marriage more about the feelings the adults, than the needs of the children. When marriage is so drastically redefined as a relationship for the happiness of the adults, the children suffer and marriage as an institution declines. Faith FaithFromEvidence.org
Same Sex Marriage Same sex marriage and civil rights Prior to the 1960s, African Americans were denied entrance to our educational establishment along with access to our court system, job market, political process, and public facilities simply because of the color of their skin. They were the object of public scorn, ridicule, and violence, all with the consent of our legal system. Homosexuals face no such discrimination. Same sex marriage is not a civil rights issue at all for the simple fact that any gay person in America can get married; they just have to marry someone of the opposite sex. In this particular case the law applies to everyone equally. In fact, today there are many restrictions on marriage such as polygamy laws, age laws, and laws restricting marriage to relatives. The laws apply equally to everyone. The debate, properly understood, is the redefinition of a four-thousand-year-old institution, not a civil rights
issue. Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Same Sex Marriage Same sex marriage and adoption It must be understood that with same sex marriage, by extension gay adoption will follow. In his article Child Molestation and the Homosexual Movement, Steve Baldwin summarizes the academic research where he notes that homosexuals, who account for only 3 percent of the population, also account for 40 percent of child molestation cases. And seeing that most child molestations happen by stepfathers and family members, open gay adoption will inevitably put children in the most dangerous
possible environment. Dangers of same sex marriage Moves marriage from the needs of the children to the needs of the adults Moves marriage from covenant to love Loss of religious freedom FaithFromEvidence.org Abortion Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Abortion For You formed my inward parts; You covered me in my mother's womb. Psalm 139:13 Fetal Development Is a fetus a person? The heart begins to beat within twenty days. In twentyone days a baby pumps her own blood. The brain begins to function within forty days. The eyes, ears, feet, and hands begin to form within four weeks. And within eight weeks, when most abortions take place, thumb sucking is present along with all body systems. In 2007 baby Amillia survived outside the womb after just over twenty-one weeks, when many abortions are still taking place.
Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Abortion Does life begin at conception? We know that when the twenty-three chromosomes of a nucleus sperm cell meet the ovums nucleus with its twenty-three chromosomes, they form one cell with forty-six human chromosomes. At this point you have the DNA for a girl or a boy who has never and will never again exist in the history of the world. Cell splitting will occur through adulthood, but only with the exact DNA. The only thing he or she will need from that point on is the proper nutrition.
The father of modern genetics, Dr. Jerome Lejeune, testified before the Louisiana Legislatures House Committee on June 7, 1990. Heres what he had to say: At no time is the human a blob of protoplasm. As far as nature is concerned, I see no difference between the early person that you were at conception and the late person you are now. You were and are a human being. Faith From Evidence Abortion Video The Most Important Question About Abortion Denis Prager, Prager University
FaithFromEvidence.org Abortion Video The Most Important Question about Abortion Denis Prager, Prager University FaithFromEvidence.org Hate Crime Legislation Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Hate Crime Legislation You shall not pervert justice; you shall not show partiality ... Deuteronomy 16:19 Equal protection Hate crime legislation adds additional penalties to certain crimes based on the ethnicity or sexual orientation of the victim. In Biblical and Western tradition, laws always govern behavior and acts. Hate crimes seek to attach additional penalties for intent or thoughts (discrimination). This defies centuries of Western legal tradition along with our Constitution. The truth is laws already protect every citizen from harassment and violence, and they do it by applying those laws equally to all Americans.
Singling out one segment of society for additional protection is a clear violation of the Fourteenth Amendment, which mandates equal protection under the law. Such laws would constitute special rights rather than equal rights. Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Taxation FaithFromEvidence.org Taxation Should Christians pay taxes?
Yes, it is mandated by Jesus in Mark 12:13-17 How much is too much taxes? Today the average family works through May to pay their tax bill. Higher income earners pay as much as 50% of their income toward taxes. And he said, This will be the behavior of the king who will reign over you: He will take a tenth of your grain and your vintage, and give it to his officers and servants. He will take a tenth of your sheep. And you will be his servants. Samuel 8:11,15,17 Is there a moral issue with taxation? Are you a better person if you advocate for more and more government programs? Biblical tradition has always advocated helping the poor on an individual level. That is, it is virtuous to help others with your resources. It is hardly virtuous to advocate helping others with someone elses resources. FaithFromEvidence.org
Taxation Freedom and taxation And when he had come into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth take customs or taxes, from their sons or from strangers? Peter said to Him, From strangers. Jesus said to him, Then the sons are free. Nevertheless, lest we offend them, go to the sea, cast in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first. And when you have opened its mouth, you will find a piece of money. Take that and give it to them for Me and you. Mathew 17:25-27 The Founding Fathers of America always understood the concept of freedom as inversely related to how much you pay in taxes. The most important freedom is the freedom to keep what you work for.
Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org Taxation Video Do the Rich Pay Their Fair Share? Prager University, Lee Ohanian FaithFromEvidence.org Taxation Do the Rich Pay Their Fare Share Prager University
Faith FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism So God created man in His [own] image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. Genesis 1:27 Early Feminist Movement
Starting in the 19th century, feminism tended to arise in what we now refer to as waves, especially in the United States and the United Kingdom. Originally, feminism sought equality in owning property, enter contract and eventually in womens suffrage, or womens right to vote. Despite President Woodrow Wilsons opposition, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment, which prohibited states and federal agencies from gender-based restrictions on voting. FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism Feminism in the 60s The second wave came in the early 1960s, with the secular ideology of Margaret Sangers Planned Parenthood. It became widely influential, and their
new target became abortion and marriage, otherwise known as womens liberation. According to Sanger, marriage is a degenerate institution and sexual modesty is obscene prudery. Their target now became anything that resembled traditional values. Today the National Organization for Women supports: Same sex marriage Premarital sex in all forms Partial Birth Abortion Opposes parental notification laws No fault divorce Childhood sex education Faith From Evidence
Modern Feminism Video The New Feminism Prager University, Tammie Bruce FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism The New Feminism Prager University Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org
Modern Feminism Proverbs 31 Women vs. Modern Feminist Faithful 11 Her husband has full confidence in her and lacks nothing of value. Resourceful, planner 16 She considers a field and buys it; out of her earnings she plants a vineyard. Charitable 20 She opens her arms to the poor and extends her hands to the needy. Wise and knowledgeable 26 She speaks with wisdom, and faithful instruction is
on her tongue. Skilled homemaker 27 She watches over the affairs of her household and does not eat the bread of idleness. Wise mother 28 Her children arise and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praises her: God-fearing 30 Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised. Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism Modern Feminist Power (empowerment confidence and control) Career Sexual identity (sexual gratification and exploration) Independence (from men and family) Physical appearance Role and gender similitude (erasing the lines that make men and women unique) Self-actualization (self-discovery) Faith
FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism Female discrimination and the Bible Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is head of the wife, as also Christ is head of the church; and He is the Savior of the body. Therefore, just as the church is subject to Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything. Ephesians 5:22-24 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her, that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, Ephesians 5:22-24
Ephesians 5: 21 submitting to one another in the fear of God. 1 Corinthian 14 Women keep silent in the church (descriptive or prescriptive for all?) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither FaithGalatians FaithFromEvidence.org male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 3:28 Modern Feminism Video Feminism vs. Truth Prager University, Christina Hoff Sommers
FaithFromEvidence.org Modern Feminism Feminism vs. Truth Prager University Faith From FaithFromEvidence.org Separation of Church and State FaithFromEvidence.org Separation of Church and State
Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution. 2 Timothy 3:12 The First Amendment In 1791 the First Amendment was ratified by Congress, stating: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. Prior to 1947, the Court rightly interpreted the establishment of religion as requiring an act of Congress, which the wording clearly and unmistakably sets forth. All the historical evidence left by the framersincluding public statements, the Federalist Papers, acts of Congress, and previous Supreme Court rulings and opinionssupports the idea that the intent of the amendment was to protect the states from federal encroachment on their religious freedom.
FaithFromEvidence.org Separation of Church and State Everson v. Board of Education On February 10, 1947, the Supreme Court of the United States made a landmark decision in a case concerning taxpayer-funded busing of parochial school students, known as Everson v. Board of Education. It was Chief Justice Hugo Black who authored the opinion that would later send shockwaves through all our state and federal institutions. In it he wrote, The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and State. That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve of the slightest breach. FaithFromEvidence.org
Separation of Church and State Under the current interpretation, a nativity scene is not considered the free exercise thereof; rather it is associated with Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. This kind of illogical rationale has created a Supreme Court which in the opinion of Justice Kennedy resembles a national theology board, all the while creating a trail of confusion and contradictions few could follow. If a nativity scene is Congress establishing religion then what is the free exercise thereof? FaithFromEvidence.org
Separation of Church and State So where did the term separation of church and state, which has now become the foundation of religious legal precedence, come from? The statement is found in a letter President Thomas Jefferson wrote on January 1, 1802, to the Danbury Baptists in response to their concern over the prospect of losing the religious freedom. He notes in the letter, Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God; that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship; that the legislative powers of government reach actions only and not opinion, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should make no law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, thus building a wall of separation between Church and State. As we can see, Jefferson was assuring them that the federal government under the limits of the
First Amendment is powerless to interfere in religious matters. FaithFromEvidence.org Common Questions (revisited) Shouldnt Christians be removed from the world? Shouldnt a woman have the right to do what she wants with her body? Why shouldnt gays have the same rights as heterosexuals? Does life really begin at conception? Isnt separation of church and state in the Constitution? Shouldnt we embrace all kinds of families? Isnt it better to divorce than live in hostility? Isnt a gay adoptive family better for kids than a destructive heterosexual one?
Doesnt the Bible discriminate against women? FaithFromEvidence.org Questions FaithFromEvidence.org
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