Figurative Language

Figurative Language

+ Figurative Language English 11 + Simile Definition: A statement that shows a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as Examples Kate inched over her own thoughts like a measuring worm. from East of Eden by John Steinbeck In the eastern sky there was a yellow patch like a

rug laid for the feet of the coming sun . . . from The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane + Metaphor Definition: A statement that shows a direct or indirect comparison between two unlike things that does not use the words like or as Examples: All the worlds a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances. from

As You Like It by William Shakespeare A good conscience is a continual Christmas. Benjamin Franklin + Personification Definition: A device that gives non-human objects human characteristics Examples: My stick fingers click with a snickerAnd, chuckling, they knuckle the keys;Light-footed, my steel feelers Light-footed, my steel feelers flickerAnd pluck from these keys melodies. from Player Piano by John Updike

The brush grabbed at his legs in the dark until one knee of his jeans was ripped. from Flight by John Steinbeck + Hyperbole Definition: A statement that is an extreme exaggeration Examples: "People moved slowly then. There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no

money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County. from To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee "I was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far. from Old Times on the Mississippi by Mark Twain + Pun Definition: A statement that suggests different meaning of the words used because of their similar sounds for humorous effect

Examples: Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man. You have dancing shoes with nimble soles;Light-footed, my steel feelers I have a soul of lead. from Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare + Paradox Definition: A statement that contains contradictory ideas but proves to be well-founded or true

Examples: I must be cruel to be kind. from Hamlet by William Shakespeare All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others. from Animal Farm by George Orwell + Sarcasm Definition: A statement used that means the opposite of what is really meant in order to insult or provide

humor Examples: A student gets a failing grade on a quiz after learning that he did not get elected class president and says, This day just keeps getting better and better. Your friends predicts that a baseball player on her favorite team will not make an important catch. When it happens, she says, What a surprise! + Idiom

Definition: A statement that cannot be understood based on the meanings of the individual words but has a separate meaning of its own Examples I have to find a new mechanic. Getting my tire fixed at Smiths Auto cost me an arm and a leg! I thought that I would be able to handle being the president of four clubs at school, but its obvious that I bit off more than I can chew. +

Alliteration Definition: The repetition of the same initial consonant sounds in words that are close together Examples: "My father brought to conversations a cavernous capacity for caring that dismayed strangers. from The Centaur by John Updike "So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. from The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald + Consonance

Definition: The repetition of the consonant sounds within or at the end of words that are close together Examples Let the boy try along this bayonet bladeHow cold steel is, and keen with hunger of blood;Light-footed, my steel feelers Blue with all malice, like a madman's flash;Light-footed, my steel feelers And thinly drawn with famishing for flesh from Arms and the Boy by Wilfred Owen Ill swing by my ankles Shell cling to your knees As you hang by your nose

from The Acrobats by Shel Silverstein + Assonance Definition: The repetition of vowel sounds within or at the end of words that are close together Examples: So old it is that no man knows how and why the first poems came. from Early Moon by Carl Sandburg Hear the mellow wedding bells. from The Bells by Edgar Allan Poe

+ Onomatopoeia Definition: The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning Example: How they clang, and clash, and roar! from The Bells by Edgar Allan Poe He saw nothing and heard nothing but he could feel his heart pounding and then he heard the clack on stone and the leaping, dropping clicks of a small rock falling. from For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest

Hemingway + Denotation and Connotation Denotation: The dictionary definition of a word Example: Home (n.) the place (such as a house or apartment) where a person lives Connotation: All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests

Example: The word home has a positive connotation and is used to suggest family, security, and comfort. George loved the game of football so much that his teams practice field felt like home to him. + Identify examples of figurative language in the following poems. 1. A Psalm of Life by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (pg. 345) 2. from Song of Myself by Walt Whitman (pg. 400)

3. anyone lived in a pretty how town by E.E. Cummings (pg. 412) 4. Mending Wall by Robert Frost (pg. 1002) 5. The Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666 by Anne Bradstreet (pg. 140) +

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