First Nation Governance What is governance to you? Created and Presented by Sharon Meyer April 2014 Traditional Structures: Elders Councils Clan Mothers/ Grandmothers Longhouse Bundle Societies Hereditary Leaders Warrior Leaders
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlA0NNCSKmc Tradition and Governance: Tom Happynook 3:25 The speaker introduces the role of a hereditary Chief https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-MgYKvIWPs Tradition and Governance: Ron Thomas 5:43 The speaker introduces the clan system of governance Our Indigenous Knowledge is based on our spiritual connection to Creator, the relationship to the land we inherit and how we survive within our ecosystems: medicines, plants, animals, land, sky, water, and all of Creation. - See more at:
http://www.onionlake.ca/treaty-government/t urtle-lodge-our-way-life#sthash.9rR4Z4ox.dpuf First Nation historical oral tradition makes First Nation people Stewards of the land inherent right to Turtle Island The Indian Act of 1876 was a consolidation of regulations that impacted First Nations people living throughout the country. It gave greater authority to the Department of Indian Affairs by permitting it to intervene in a wide variety issues and to make sweeping policy decisions across the board such as determining who was an Indian, managing Indian lands, resources and moneys, controlling the access to intoxicants and promoting "civilisation". The principle behind the Act was that it was the Crown's responsibility to care for and protect interests of First Nations people by acting as their "guardians" until such time as they could reach a level of sophistication that allowed them to
fully integrate into Canadian society. The Indian Act was frequently amended in the 70 years after it was passed into law in 1876. The amendments were largely concerned with assimilation and civilisation of First Nations people. Amendments to the Indian Act became increasingly restrictive and imposed ever greater controls upon the lives of First Nations peoples. The Indian Act made the First Nation People(s) wards of the government. Like a child/parent relationship but very controlling. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) defines "governance" as "how a community is run and the rules that apply in its day to day operation." INAC says the legislation will be based on the idea of "tools for effective governance" and will look
specifically at the financial accountability of First Nations; the operational accountability of chiefs and councils to community members; elections (leadership selection and voting rights); and the legal status and capacity of Indian Bands. Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS Too often the government has imposed legislation without the consultation or discussions with First Nation people(s). 1969 White Paper proposed getting rid of the Indian Act, extinguishing Aboriginal title and rights, and terminating the historical nationto-nation treaty relationship-was seen by
Aboriginal peoples as just another attempt by the federal government to assimilate them. According to the Royal Commission Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS The assimilation process was to get rid of the Indian in the First Nation people(s) and then have them live the culture of the New Comers. We do not want the Indian Act retained
because it is a good piece of legislation. It isn't. It is discriminatory from start to finish.but we would rather continue to live in bondage under the unequitable Indian Act than surrender our sacred rights. Any time government wants to honour its obligations to us we are more than ready to help devise new Indian legislation." Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS First Nation people(s) are in catch 22 Under the act, a status Indian has rights to health, education, and tax exemptions for which other Canadians don't qualify.
Treaty promises and agreements include noninterference, protection of hunting & fishing rights, sharing of land & resources, health and education benefits, economic tolls and benefits for the duration of Treaty Relationship There are 634 First Nation communities known as reservations in Canada. The First Nation communities still have the annual Treaty days that start in May and continue until all the reserves have been visited by government Officials. The First Nation people gather to collect their annual $5.00. The five dollars does not even cover the cost the gas it takes for many off reserve members to travel to their community to collect their money.
T T Map of First Nation communities in Canada = 617 communities First Nation communities in Saskatchewan There are 70 First Nation communities within Saskatchewan AFN
(Assembly of First Nations) National Chief -Shawn A-in-chut Atleo 1.Executive Committee shall consist of the National Chief, the AFN Regional Chiefs and the Chairman of the Council of Elders (in an advisory capacity). 2.National Chief shall be elected in accordance with Article 22 of the present Charter. 3.The AFN Regional Chiefs shall be elected by the Chiefs in their regions according to the following formula:, one each from British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Labrador, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory.
The AFN Regional Chiefs shall be elected for a three year term and shall be eligible for re-election. The term of office may be terminated before the expiry date if the Chiefs of that Region so decide at a meeting called for that purpose. The top of the governance model is the AFN FSIN (Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations) Chief Perry Bellegarde
Agency Chiefs Tribal Council (ACTC) ( 3 Articles ) Battleford Agency Tribal Council (BATC) ( 5 Articles ) Battlefords Tribal Council (BTC) ( 4 Articles ) File Hills Qu'Appelle Tribal Council (FHQTC) ( 11 Articles ) Meadow Lake Tribal Council (MLTC) ( 9 Articles ) Prince Albert Grand Council (PAGC) ( 12 Articles ) Saskatoon Tribal Council (STC) ( 7 Articles )
Southeast Treaty #4 Tribal Council (SET4) ( 2 Articles ) Touchwood Agency Tribal Council (TATC) ( 4 Articles ) Yorkton Tribal Council (YTC) ( 6 Articles ) Independant First Nations ( 10 Articles ) Under the AFN is the FSIN representing the province Saskatoon Tribal Council (7 First Nation Communities) Tribal Chief Felix Thomas Kinistin Saulteaux Nation View Website Muskeg Lake View Website
Under the FSIN is the Tribal councils = 10 Tribal councils and 10 Independent First Nation (on their own) First Nation Band Beardys and Okemasis Newly elected Chief and Council (2 year ) Our new team from l - r: Councillor Kurt Seesequasis, Councillor C Roy Petit, Councillor Leighanne Gardipy-Bill, Councillor Candace Scott, Chief Rick Gamble, Councillor Ruby Eyapaise, Councillor Jeremy Seeseequasis, Councillor Barb Mosquito, Councillor Kevin Seesequasis with C Roy Petit and Kevin Seesequasis http://www.muskeglake.com/leadership-governance/ Under the Tribal Council is the local Band Council they operate similar as your town or city councils do
Elder Role The elders of Muskeg Lake play several important roles within the community: Consulting With the wisdom and experience they have gained in the course of a lifetime, our elders have much to offer in a consulting role, both with the Chief and Council, and with individuals and committees within the community. Being a spiritual presence at meetings An elder attends each Chief and Council meeting to provide wisdom, insight and spiritual support. Sharing insight Elders meet monthly to interact with one another, share their wisdom, and consult about all aspects of community. Teaching our grandchildren Elders play an important role in passing on culture and knowledge to the communitys grandchildren, teaching Cree, talking about family trees, and providing positive cultural role models.
All of the First Nation political representations always have an Elder present at their meetings. That is a huge difference of operations from the non-first nation political leadership formats. Minister Nault's First Nations Governance initiative does not respect this. His Indian Act legislation is based on a colonial mentality and will further diminish our rights, where First Nations are treated as 'wards of the state' rather than as sovereign participants in this land. We now have to work on a real political relationship between First Nations and Canada. A Nation-to-Nation relationship that will bring about fundamental changes for First Nations in the same way the Charter of Rights has done for nonaboriginal Canadians." Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS
First Nations have always identified themselves as their own Nations but the Canadian government struggles to identify the First Nation communities as Nations Limited financial funding from INAC, lack of education, lack of understanding finances (often mismanagement and greed), lack of economic investments = default in funding spending. Knowledge transmission is guided by our way of life through, ceremonies, songs, observations, traditional teachings, and languages. Language is connected to the plants, animals, and the spiritual relations that help sustain our environments. We have an inherent right to our Original instructions and to live upon our lands under Natural Law. The law of whkhtowin
directs and guides the transmission of knowledge. The integral source of our traditional knowledge is our whkhtowin relationship to the ecosystems and those with whom we share the lands. In this manner, Indigenous Peoples carry the memory of our history and connection to Creation. - See more at: http:// www.onionlake.ca/treaty-government/turtle-lodge-our-way-life #sthash.9rR4Z4ox.dpuf The First Nation people(s) base all their historical knowledge and understanding according to the oral tradition and that is in contrast to the European perspective In that everything is in writing and in law. Harper Launches Major First Nations Termination Plan: As Negotiating Tables Legitimize Canadas Colonialism by Russell Diabo on November 9, 2012
On September 4th the Harper government clearly signaled its intention to: 1) Focus all its efforts to assimilate First Nations into the existing federal and provincial orders of government of Canada; 2) Terminate the constitutionally protected and internationally recognized Inherent, Aboriginal and Treaty rights of First Nations. The most recent Prime Minister plan was to impose changes to the Treaties without any consultation with First Nation leaders. Idle No More Idle No More calls on all people to join in a peaceful revolution, to honour Indigenous
sovereignty, and to protect the land and water" INM has and will continue to help build sovereignty & resurgence of nationhood. INM will continue to pressure government and industry to protect the environment. INM will continue to build allies in order to reframe the nation to nation relationship, this will be done by including grassroots perspectives, issues, and concern. First Nation people are revolting quietly and without conflict using the Idle No More process What kind of activities can you do in you classroom?
Comparison charts or Venn Diagrams Your community to a First Nation community Ekosi Sharon Meyer North East School Division First Nation and Metis Instruction Consultant (306)401-7848
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