Fitness Training Theory - Weebly

Fitness Training Theory - Weebly

Fitness Training Theory 1. Components of Fitness - Health related - Skill related 2. Principles of Training What is Fitness? There is no universally agreed upon definition of physical fitness and of its components. Definitions for physical fitness include the following:

A set of attributes that people have or achieve that relate to their ability to perform physical activity (Howley & Franks, 2003). A set of attributes, primarily respiratory and cardiovascular, relating to the ability to perform tasks requiring expenditure of energy (Stedmans Concise Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions, 2001). The ability to perform moderate to vigorous levels of physical activity without undue fatigue and the capability of maintaining such ability throughout life (American College

of Sports Medicine, 1998). Health Related Components The health-related fitness components include: muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility body composition cardiovascular endurance

Skill-related Components skill/performance-related fitness relates to those attributes that are important for performance outcomes in specific sports, movements, or occupations. The skill/performancerelated fitness components include agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed. Principles of Training

Adaptation to physical activity is governed by a number of general principles that include, but are not limited to, the principles of: - overload - progression - individuality - reversibility - specificity - diminishing returns

- periodization Overload The principle of overload suggests that in order to see an improvement in fitness (i.e., response), the dose of physical activity must exceed that to which the individual is already accustomed. The dose of physical activity is controlled by the manipulation of frequency, intensity, time, and type of

exercise, otherwise known as the FITT principle. Individuality the individual response physical activity is highly heterogeneous No two individuals will respond in exactly the same way to a similar dose of physical activity.

Diminishing Return the rate of fitness improvement diminishes over time as fitness approaches its ultimate genetic potential. Simply stated, as fitness improves, you receive less bang for your buck. Specificity The principle of specificity suggests

that improvements in physical fitness are specific to the demands or characteristics (e.g. if you want to improve joint flexibility you need to train that component specifically) Reversibility The principle of reversibility suggests that any improvement in physical

fitness due to physical activity is entirely reversible. In other words, use it or lose it. Periodization Organization of your training program (macro-cycle) into smaller cycles (meso-cycles) with variations in intensity and volume

Determinants of Physical Fitness Factors that determine the level of an individuals physical fitness are numerous and include: genetically determined (influenced by maturation and heredity) behaviourally determined (influenced by physical activity, diet, and other habits) environmentally determined

Key Domains of Physical Fitness See handout Developing biological components (health related) and neurological (skill-related) components will result in enhancement in key domains of POWER and SPEEDcrucial to most (if not all) sport performance

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Collaborate to Create Value The new world order

    Collaborate to Create Value The new world order

    Collaborate to Create Value What Trends Are We Seeing? Change in Customer Priorities: from now to 2020 Our Customers want to… Get closer to their consumers Grow their businesses Gain customer loyalty Remain competitive Retain profitable customers Emerge as a...
  • Chemical Stoichiometry - Winona

    Chemical Stoichiometry - Winona

    (d) How many S atoms are present in 5.00 mg of allicin? Percent Composition Mass percent of an element: For iron in iron (III) oxide, (Fe2O3) Formulas molecular formula = (empirical formula)n [n = integer] molecular formula = C6H6 =...
  • Working Outline and Notecards

    Working Outline and Notecards

    Do bibliography card for each source immediately Encyclopedia - can only use one article Each source must be on a separate card: Source A Source B Source C Writing Note Cards Upper right-hand corner has the outline Roman numeral Upper...
  • Aims of Careers Lab Aspire To raise your

    Aims of Careers Lab Aspire To raise your

    Skills: excellent communication skills and the ability to explain choices to patients . the ability to work under pressure and make quick, accurate decisions . excellent hand-eye co-ordination and practical skills . the ability to put people at their ease...
  • US Tactical Marketing Plan Winter 2010

    US Tactical Marketing Plan Winter 2010

    IFNα Induces MDSC Maturation and Loss of Suppressive Function ® Treatment of plasmacytoid dendritic cells with CpG DNA leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines like interferon alpha (IFN-α).
  • Getting to Know SOA

    Getting to Know SOA

    Keystroke-Level Model (KLM) KLM is the simplest GOMS technique, and uses methods in sequence form composed of keystroke-level operators. Useful for most common single-user tasks, but impractical for representing high-level tasks.
  • OSHA's Approach to Noise Exposure in Construction

    OSHA's Approach to Noise Exposure in Construction

    OSHA's Approach to Noise Exposure in Construction Kim Nipko, OSHA Madison Charlie Shields, OSHA Aurora 2003 Objectives Provide technical information on construction noise and hearing conservation Explain current expectations Review 8/5/2002 OSHA Hearing Conservation for Construction Workers ...
  • Introductory Chemistry, 2nd Edition Nivaldo Tro

    Introductory Chemistry, 2nd Edition Nivaldo Tro

    Key: Writing formulas (I) copper(I) sulfate: Cu2SO4 aluminum chlorate: Al(ClO3)3 magnesium phosphate: Mg3(PO4)2 iron(II) carbonate : FeCO3 lead(II) acetate: Pb(C2H3O2)2 zinc sulfite : ZnSO3 sodium nitrite: NaNO2 Nitrogen gas: N2 More on Writing formulae copper(II) sulfate aluminum perchlorate hydroiodic acid...