French 1 Chapitre 1 - Ms. Hopkins's class

French 1 Chapitre 1 Grammaire 2 Indefinite articles Indefinite articles in English are a, an, and some and go before nouns. Ex: a dog, an apple, some chairs Indefinite articles in French are un, une, and des and go before nouns.

Ex: un garon, une fentre, des posters Indefinite articles In French all nouns have gender (meaning they are either masculine or feminine) and number (meaning they are either singular or plural). The gender of nouns must be memorized. The article used with nouns must be the same gender as the nouns.

Indefinite articles un a, an (masculine) une a, an (feminine) des some (plural) de/d only used in negative sentences Ex: un garon a boy ***You must use the masculine article un because garon (boy) is masculine and singular.

Plural nouns To make most nouns plural, add an s to the end of the noun. The final s will be silent. Ex: un garon a boy des garons some boys Ex: une fentre a window des fentres some windows Plural nouns

Some nouns have plurals that are formed differently. un tableau des tableaux un bureau des bureaux un CD/DVD des CD/DVD (no change) un lecteur de CD/DVD des lecteurs de CD/DVD Indefinite articles in negative sentences *To say there arent any of an item, remember to use il ny a pas de/d.

Ex: Il y a des cartes dans la classe. - There are some maps in the class. Ex: Il ny a pas de cartes dans la classe. - There arent any maps in the class. Verbs In order to use a verb in a sentence, it must change forms to agree with the subject. We call this conjugating a verb. In its simplest form, a verb is in the infinitive

form. In English, an infinitive is a verb with the word to in front of it. Ex: to eat, to run, to walk, to talk, to write, to speak, to listen, to watch, etc. Verbs In French, infinitives will either end in er, ir, or re. Verbs can either be regular (meaning they follow a pattern) or irregular (meaning they do

not follow a pattern). Verbs All languages have a large number of irregular verbs, and all forms of those verbs must be memorized. Ex: to be I am we are you are you are he is they are

she is it is avoir to have jai nous avons tu as

vous il, elle, on a avez ils, elles ont Verbs Noun subjects (such as Pierre et Jean) use the

same verb form as the pronoun you would use to replace them. In English you would replace Pierre and Jean with the subject pronoun They. In French you would replace Pierre et Jean with the subject pronoun Ils. Ex: Pierre et Jean ont deux chaises. Ils ont deux chaises. Negative sentences

To make a sentence negative, add nepas around the verb. Notice that ne become n before a vowel sound. Ex: a va. Its going fine. a ne va pas. Its not going fine. Ex: Clo a un poster. Clo na pas de poster.

Clo has a poster. Clo does not have a poster.

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