From Greece to Rome: Virgil's Georgics, Founding Myths and ...
From Greece to Rome: Virgils Georgics, Founding Myths and Legitimation Foster Chamberlin November 19, 2018 Humanities 101- Cultural Encounters Class Outline Republican Rome The Rise of Rome The Civil Wars
Interpretation The Georgics Virgil The Bees
Aristaeus Orpheus Interpretation Conclusions Archaic Italy Roman Government The Senate
The patricians and the plebeians The tribunes The consuls The dictators The Punic Wars The First Triumvirate (59-53 BCE) The Assassination of Julius Caesar
(44 BCE) The Second Triumvirate (43-33 BCE) Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE-14 CE) The Roman Empire- Interpretation Timeline of the History of the Roman Republic 753 BCE Legendary founding of Rome
509 BCE Roman Republic founded 281 BCE Conquest of the Etruscans completed 146 BCE Final defeat of the Carthaginians 146 BCE Conquest of Macedonian Empire completed 60 BCE First Triumvirate formed 49 BCE Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon 48 BCE Pompey defeated at Battle of Pharsalus
44 BCE Caesar made dictator in perpetuity and then assassinated 42 BCE Conspirators defeated at Battle of Philippi 31 BCE Marc Antony & Cleopatra defeated at Battle of Actium 27 BCE Octavian becomes Emperor Augustus 9 CE Roman expansion halted at Battle of Teutoburg Forest 180 CE approximate end of the Pax
Romana Publius Vergilius Maro Virgils Life in Context 60 BCE First Triumvirate formed 49 BCE Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon 48 BCE Pompey defeated at Battle of Pharsalus 44 BCE Caesar made dictator in perpetuity and then assassinated
42 BCE Conspirators defeated at Battle of Philippi 31 BCE Marc Antony & Cleopatra defeated at Battle of Actium 27 BCE Octavian becomes Emperor Augustus born 70 BCE near Mantua, northern Italy Moves to Naples 42-39 wrote the Bucolics or Eclogues
37-29 wrote the Georgics 29 began the Aeneid 19 died The Georgics Building on the Greeks Hesiod and Lucretius as inspirations Didactic or descriptive? Praise of Octavian Yet soon I will girl myself to celebrate. The fiery fights of Caesar, make his name
Live in the future for as many years (Book 3, lines 47-48) Structure of Book 4 The Bees- Selfless Dedication to the Common Good I will show you a spectacle To marvel at, a world in miniature, Gallant commanders and the institutions Of a whole nation, its character,
pursuits, Communities and warfare. Little the scale To work on, yet not little is the glory (p. 124, lines 3-7) Alone they hold their progeny in common, Alone they share the housing of their city, Passing their lives under exalted laws,
Alone they recognize a fatherland And the sanctity of a home, and provident For coming winter set to work in summer And store their products for the common good. (p. 129, lines 154-57) The Bees: Dedication to Home and to King [The king] is the guardian
Of all their works, him they admire, surround him In cheering crowds and flock to form his escort, Carry him shoulder-high, expose their bodies In battle to protect him, and there seek Through wounds a death with glory. (p. 131, lines 215-18)
They forbear to indulge In copulation or to enervate Their bodies in Venus ways (p. 130, lines 197-99) The Bees- The Relationship with the Human These ardent passions and these prodigious contests A little handful of dust will lay to rest. (p. 127, line 87)
But when you have recalled from the field of battle Both captains, single out the inferior And put him to death, for fear his wasteful presence (p. 127, line 88-89) But if the swarm is aimless, gadding about In the air, disdainful of the cells and
leaving Its quarters to get cold, you must intervene To check their giddy spirits from idle play. To check them is no great task: just take the kings And tear their wings off. (p. 127, lines 103-05) The Aristaeus Story
Epyllions Aristaeus Cyrene Proteus Orpheus Eurydice The Bugonia method Orpheus and Eurydice Orpheus, she cried, we
are ruined, you and I! What utter madness is this? See, once again The cruel Fates are calling me back and darkness Falls on my swimming eyes. Goodbye for ever. I am borne away wrapped in an endless night, Stretching to you, no longer yours, these
hands, These helpless hands. (pg. 141, lines 494-98) Conclusions Themes in Roman History Themes in Virgil Republic-Monarchy Democracy-Dictatorship
Peace-War Order-Chaos Freedom Authority Legitimation Human-Animal Individual-Collective Love-Loss Hard Work Self-Sacrifice
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