Gap Analysis Interactive Map - Washington

Gap Analysis Interactive Map - Washington

Gap Analysis Interactive Map EO 02-2016 This interactive map is intended to illustrate the Washington State Firearm Background Check process. The map is composed of a series of blocks that represent agencies and arrows that represent the transfer of information. The first slide will give you an overview of the background check process for an individual carrying a Concealed Pistol License, but from there the order in which you view the process is at your discretion. Click on the buttons contained in each slide to navigate through the map. Buttons shaped like this will open documents. When you are done reading them, press either the document or the button to hide it again. Doc ! When you see this button in the upper left, you may press it to view a full list of the gaps found during the analysis. ? This button will spell out any acronyms contained in the document. When you are ready, click the green button below to get started. Exit With CPL ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Background Check Overview: W/CPL ^ Click again to close NCIC Long guns approved Criminal History (III) NICS AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services *Pistols Only FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) DOL PTA Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 Form III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol

WACIC Exit W/O CPL Local Criminal Records JIS Only handguns receive local background checks. AOC DSHS Local Mental Health ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Background Check Overview: Without CPL NICS ^ Click again to close (Long guns only) Long guns approved AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts RequestPistol for License CPL- Concealed firearm DOL- Department of Licensing FFL Initiates purchase or NICS Check DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services transfer w/o *Pistols Only FFL- Federal CPL Firearms License (Dealer) DOL PTA Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 NICS Form III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Long gunLarger firearms such as rifles or Protection shotguns Purchase/ Misdemeanor NCIC- National

(Hot File) stolen transferCrime of Information Centerorders, warrants firearms, handgun NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Checkcitizen System status, others? approved PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol JIS Local Exit With CPL Only handguns receive local background checks. Criminal Records Local law enforcement notified to conduct check Mental health check AOC DSHS Local Mental Health ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder DSHS Process ^ Click again to close ! AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts Billing CPL- Concealed Pistol License Info DOL- Department of Licensing CommunityBehavioral DSHS- Department Services

Based of Health and Human Health FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer)Organizations Providers Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Clickfirearms on MHDsuch as rifles or shotguns Long gun- Larger Individual pages to look NCIC- National Crime Information Center Courts (Hot File) through and close NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System report. PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Response Letter DSHS AOC Law Enforcement Bkgd. Check ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder AOC Process ^ Click again to close Behavioral AOC- Administrative Health Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Organizations DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) Individual Web Transfer

ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm Courts App JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application Arrests Crime Information Center (Hot File) WACIC- Washington WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol LEA Check Exit Main WSP NICS Mental Health Prohibitors AOC Washington ID JIS Database ! DOL Click on pages to look through and close documents. ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder DOL Process AOC ^ Click again to close Revocation/ Restoration AOC Notice AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts ITPF CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing ! Washington DSHS- Department of Health and Human *Pistols OnlyServices ID FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) !

PTA Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Index (Criminal History) FFLIdentification Clear WSP ACCESS DOL ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm NICS Check DOL JIS- Judicial Information System System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns Info NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application LEA File) Revocation/ WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot Restoration Notice WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol LEA Crime Data Main Exit ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder State Level Bkgd. Check JIS Database Local Courts ! ^ Click again to close Mental DSHS AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts Health Check CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 ! III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal LocalHistory) Law FFL transfer ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm Enforcement JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms rifles or shotguns W/Osuch CPLas

Only Click on NICS NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot !File) pages to look NICS NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System Return and close through PTA- Pistol Transfer Application NICS ACCESS(Hot File) report. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center Search (Criminal History) WASIS- Washington State Identification System WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main WACIC Local LEA Database Additional Warrants and Orders LEA Reply to FFL Additional Prohibitors Pistol Transfer Determination ATF Stolen Gun Serial Numbers Immigration ICE (Federal Data) ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Law Enforcement Data Process ^ Click again to close DOL AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Revocation/ DOL- Department of Licensing Restoration DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer)

Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal Arrests and History) Local LEA ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm Warrants Data Entry JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System Arrests PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) Individual WSP- Washington State Patrol Courts Exit Main Law Enforcement Bkgd. Check ! NICS Index WSP LEA NICS Index Entry ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder NICS Data Process ^ Click again to close WACIC Office of the Courts NCIC AOC- Administrative CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms WASIS License (Dealer) III Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial LEA Information Crime System Index Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles orNICS shotguns Data NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application

WACIC- Washington AOC Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main FFL Check With CPL NICS ! W/O CPL LEA Check ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Criminal History Data Process ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 ! III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) WSP WASIS III ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) Federal and Other States WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main NICS ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Criminal Hot File Data Process ^ Click again to close LEA Check

AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) WSP WACIC NCIC ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) Federal and Other States WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main NICS ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder WSP Process ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services AOC FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) WSP ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such rifles or shotguns LEAasCrime NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) Data LEA NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System Warrant PTA- Pistol Transfer Application Entry WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main WASIS

WACIC ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder FFL Process ^ Click again to close NICS Result NICS AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Long Guns or W/ CPL Only DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) ! Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 Customer III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal FormHistory) 4473 FFL in-store Initiates ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm Screening check Purchase JIS- Judicial Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles orForm shotguns 4473 File) NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot ! Page 1 NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) Long gun WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) determination, Pistols WSP- Washington State Patrol given to CPL Carriers Exit Main DOL Pistols/Handguns Only LEA Check ! ! After approval or 10 business days, pistol transfer allowed

! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Law enforcement may not check ^ Click again to close with DSHS AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Law enforcement used to check with local behavioral health DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and(BHOs) Human Services organizations for up-to date local data on mental health and FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) involuntary commitment. Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) Since 2014 this information has been submitted to DSHS in real time ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm the need to check with BHOs. JIS- Judicialnegating Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns Law enforcement agencies NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) that only check with BHOs may miss NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System involuntary commitments from other parts of the state that will be in PTA- Pistol Transfer Application the DSHS system. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back

! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Potential time delay for mental ^ Click again to close health data AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Civil ofmental DOL- Department Licensing health cases use non-well identified persons, and require DSHS- Department of Health andof Human Servicesprior to submission to NICS. manual entry records FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) RCWFirearm 9.41.047 allows for163 days to complete the form that sends Handgun/pistolwith a barrel less than III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) information on these cases to DOL and NICS. ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information Systemtake the full 3 days to enter NICS, involuntarily In cases that Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns committed people purchase firearms directly following their NCIC- National Crime Information Centerthat (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background commitment may notCheck be System flagged in the system at the time of the NICS PTA- Pistol Transfer Application check. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History)

WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder No retention of mental health data ^ Click again to close by DOL AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License AOC ofsends DOL information on those adjudicated ineligible to possess DOL- Department Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and guilty Human Services a firearm (not by reason of insanity, court ordered treatment). FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) DOLFirearm checks information Handgun/pistolwiththis a barrel less than 16 against the database but does NOT store III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) records as RCW 9.41.047(2) only gives authority to run checks. ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System This means that a person deemed ineligible could enter the system at Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns a later date andCenter would not be flagged in any way; court notification of NCIC- National Crime Information (Hot File)

NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System DOL only works on current CPL holders, not future owners. PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder PTAs do not contain prior buyer ^ Click again to close names AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Current PTA forms do not include fields requesting for any alternate DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services names the purchaser may have gone by in the past. FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) AKAsFirearm most commonly will Handgun/pistolwith a barrel less than 16 detect changes in last names due to III- Interstate Identification but Index may (Criminal History) marriage, also aid in cases of name changes or nicknames. ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Because law enforcement and dealers use these names to run checks,

Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns notCrime having AKAs provided NCIC- National Information Center (Hot File) on the form can cause slowdowns or in NICS- National Instant Criminalreturn Background Check System some cases false negatives during checks. PTA- Pistol Transfer Application WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder No follow-up for failed Form 4473 or ^ Click again to close NICS check AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Dealers have customers interested in transfers or purchases fill out DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Healthand and Human Services form 4473 submit to a background check. FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) If a customer fails less a check, Handgun/pistolFirearm with a barrel than 16 no information is provided to the dealer as III- Interstate (Criminal

History) toIdentification why thisIndex is, and the customer is free to leave. ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System are kept by the business, and are not uploaded to any Failed checks Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns centralized database. NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System self-declared, a prohibited individual Because Form 4473 is entirely PTA- Pistol Transfer Application may have chance at passing the form, or at obtaining a WACIC- Washington Crime another Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) firearm through any other means. WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Long guns receive a reduced check ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License By law, long guns such as rifles and shotguns are not required to DOL- Department

of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health Human Services undergo anyandadditional background check by law enforcement before FFL- FederalaFirearms License (Dealer) transfer. Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate IdentificationaIndex Retaining CPL(Criminal doesHistory) not alter the check received during long gun ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm in any way. JIS- Judicialpurchases Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns Due to the gaps in some information being entered into NICS and the NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) additional investigative power NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System of law enforcement, long guns receive PTA- Pistol Transfer a lessApplication complete check than pistols yet have no fewer prohibitors. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Dealers cannot verify CPL on site ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License When participating in a handgun transaction, dealers have the option DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Healthpossession and Human Services to transfer following a federal background check if the FFL- Federalrecipient Firearms License (Dealer) a valid CPL.

presents Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification (Criminal History)dealers have no immediate way to verify the Unlike law Index enforcement, ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicialauthenticity Information Systemof a CPL, and the current license format does not include Long gun- Larger firearmsof suchthe as rifles or shotguns a picture holder. NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) Dealers may be at riskCheck to unknowingly transfer a handgun to an NICS- National Instant Criminal Background System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application individual with an invalid CPL, which would only be detected by law WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) enforcement after System the fact. WASIS- Washington State Identification (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Lack of clarity in firearm surrender ^ Click again to close process AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License In cases with CPL carriers or in some cases when the law enforcement DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department

of Health and Humanexceeds Services 10 days (9.41.094) with a non-CPL carrier, background check FFL- FederalFFLs Firearms License (Dealer) the firearm prior to receiving the results of the check will transfer Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 (9.41.090). III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm In the event JIS- Judicial Information Systemthat the check turns up a prohibitor and the transfer is Long gun- Larger firearms such asisrifles shotguns denied, there noorclear process for retrieving the firearm. NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) While may beSystem reduced by speeding up the check process, NICS- National Instantthese Criminalcases Background Check PTA- Pistol Transfer Application this will be a persistent issue with CPL carriers and will allow some WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) individuals who have failed checks WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) to retain firearms. WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Unknown dispositions delay checks

^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License When law enforcement wishes to check for incomplete dispositions DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human Services or other missing information regarding a criminal offense, they must FFL- Federalcontact Firearms License (Dealer) the arresting agency and often the associated court Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal fees, History) and some take multiple weeks to reply. In Many courts charge ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm cases, JIS- Judicialsome Information Systemthese courts are out of state. Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns Delays caused by checking incomplete records, especially during high NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) volume periods, can cause the background check to pass its NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application statutorily approved duration and allow dealers to transfer firearms WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) beforeState theIdentification check isSystem completed. WASIS- Washington (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main

Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Not all misdemeanor warrants entered ^ Click again to close into NICS AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Law enforcement must upload all felony warrants to the NICS Index DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health Human to Services and has theand option upload misdemeanor warrants. FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) All warrants bethan updated within the system annually, which can Handgun/pistolFirearm with must a barrel less 16 III- Interstate Identification Indexvolume (Criminal History) create a high of work for misdemeanor warrants. Because ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm are System optional, many large agencies do not input them. JIS- Judicialthey Information Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns Because NICS is the primary check used by FFLs, many misdemeanor NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) warrants mayBackground be missing from the checks conducted on long gun NICS- National Instant Criminal Check System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application purchasers and may complicate the background check process for WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) other State lawIdentification

enforcement agencies. WASIS- Washington System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder Dealers not informed when check ^ Click again to close begins AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License When sending a PTA to law enforcement for a local background DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department Health and Services check,of FFLs willHuman often fax the required documentation. FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) In atFirearm leastwith some places, is no process in place to inform FFLs of Handgun/pistola barrel less than there 16 III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal successful receipt of History) the materials. ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm JIS- Judicial Information System Instances where the transfer is unsuccessful and LEAs do not receive Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns the form are often only discovered at the end of the 10 business day NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) time period checks. NICS- National Instant

Criminalallowed Backgroundfor Check System At this time, FFLs can lawfully transfer PTA- Pistol Transfer Application the firearm in question. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder ACCESS system updates cause ^ Click again to close delays AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License For all firearm transfers involving a pistol, local law enforcement run DOL- Department of Licensing DSHS- Department of Health and Human checks through the Services states ACCESS system which typically returns FFL- Federalresults Firearms License (Dealer) quickly. Handgun/pistol- Firearm with a barrel less than 16 III- Interstate (Criminal History) AsIdentification with anyIndex database, ACCESS sometimes needs to perform updates ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm maintain functionality. Law enforcement is notified prior to 1-2 JIS- Judicialto Information System Long gun- Larger such as or shotguns during midday once per month. hourfirearms periods ofrifles availability NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File)

During when Check ACCESS NICS- National Instant periods Criminal Background Systemis unavailable or running slowly, checks PTA- Pistol Transfer can beApplication delayed within the 10 business day period. This is of particular WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) concern high volume periods. WASIS- Washington Stateduring Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder NICS may reject some WASIS entries ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License Washingtons DOL- Department of Licensing criminal history database (WASIS) and its national level DSHS- Department of Health and Services on fingerprints as identifiers. counterpart III Human are based FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) Entry of fingerprint into WASIS can be slow and may be rejected Handgun/pistolFirearm with a barrel lessdata than 16 III- Interstate History) if Identification the printsIndex are(Criminal low quality. Similarly, III may reject some prints from ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm for not meeting certain standards. JIS- JudicialWASIS

Information System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns This allows for the possibility that some cases may be contained in NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS not III, which a concern with long guns or CPL NICS- National Instantand Criminal Background Checkbecomes System PTA- Pistol Transfer Application holders who only undergo a NICS check prior to the firearm transfer. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back ! List of potential gaps ? Acronym Finder NICS crashes cause delays ^ Click again to close AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPL- Concealed Pistol License NICSofisLicensing used in every firearm background check conducted whether DOL- Department DSHS- Department of Health andor Human for long guns for Services pistols. FFL- Federal Firearms License (Dealer) During high-volume Handgun/pistolFirearm with a barrel less periods than 16 the NICS system will frequently crash III- Interstate Identification Index (Criminal History) causing FFLs and LEAs to call the FBI and spend hours on the phone

ITPF- Ineligible to Possess a Firearm manually. JIS- Judicialrunning Information checks System Long gun- Larger firearms such as rifles or shotguns This may cut into the time period that law enforcement has to NCIC- National Crime Information Center (Hot File) complete checks for non-CPL NICS- National Instant Criminal Background Check Systemholders when a NICS check is not run PTA- Pistol Transfer Application prior to transfer. WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) WSP- Washington State Patrol Exit Main Back Potential Gaps in the Background Check ^ Click again to close Process ? Acronym Finder AOC- Administrative Office of the Courts CPLConcealed Pistol License Text Location Lack of clarity in firearm surrender DOL- Department of Licensing process DSHSDepartment of Health and Human Services FFL-No follow-up failed Form 4473 Text Location Federal Firearmsafter License (Dealer) Handgun/pistolFirearm with a barrel less than 16 or NICS check IIIInterstate Identification (Criminal History) Text Location Long guns receive aIndex reduced check ITPFIneligible to Possess a Firearm Potential time delay for mental Text Location JIS- Judicial Information System health

datafirearms such as rifles or shotguns Long gun- Larger NCICNoNational retention mental health data Text Location Crimeof Information Center (Hot File) NICSby National DOL Instant Criminal Background Check System PTAPistol Application warrants Not Text Location allTransfer misdemeanor WACIC- Washington Crime Information Center (Hot File) entered into NICS WASIS- Washington State Identification System (Criminal History) Text Location WSPDealers cannot Washington Stateverify Patrol CPL on site Exit Main Unknown dispositions may delay checks NICS may reject some WASIS entries Dealers not informed when check begins PTAs do not contain prior buyer names Law enforcement may not check with DSHS ACCESS system updates cause delays NICS crashes cause delays Text Location Text Location Text Location Text Location Text Location Text Location Text Location

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