Genocide in the 20th Century - Loudoun County Public Schools

Genocide in the 20th Century - Loudoun County Public Schools

Bellringer No SOL Challenge today You have 5 minutes to complete the SOL Wrap-Up on the material from last class! BJOTD: What did one wall say to another wall?

Genocide Genocide: the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group.

There have been many acts of genocide throughout history Armenians Date: 1915-1917

Location: Ottoman Empire Leader: Leaders of the Ottoman Empire Victims: Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks Type of Genocide: Ethnic

Total Deaths: Between 1 and 1.5 million Armenian Methods

Mass burning Suffocation Use of poison

Deportation The Great Purge

Date: 1936-1938 Location: the Soviet Union Leader: Joseph Stalin Victims: government officials,

Communist party members, peasants Type of Genocide: Cultural There is a person - there is a problem, there is no person there is no problem.Joseph Stalin

Holocaust

Date: 1938-1945 Location: Europe Leader: Adolph Hitler Victims: primarily Jews but also gypsies, Poles, Soviets, and political opponents

Type of Genocide: Ethnic Total Deaths: 6 million Jews, 10 million peoples total What led to the Holocaust? Totalitarianism combined with nationalism

History of anti-Semitism Defeat in World War I and economic depression blamed on German Jews Hitlers belief in the master race The Final Solution

Hitlers plan, decided during the Wannsee Conference, to systematically exterminate the Jewish race and other unmentionables in Germany 1942: the Wannsee Conference

Step 1: Ghettos Step 2: Trains A Typical Boxcar

100 people would be loaded into one freight car

Jews had to pay their own way Step 3: Selections and Camp

Step 4: Camp Life and the Gas Chambers Cambodia

Date: 1975-1979 Location: Cambodia Leader: Pol Pot

Victims: the educated, artists, government officials, monks, and minorities Type of Genocide: Cultural Total Deaths: 1.7 million people (~20% of the population)

Rwanda

Date: 1994 Location: Rwanda Leader: the Hutu majority Victims: the Tutsi minority Type of Genocide: Ethnic

Over the course of 100 days, over 800,000 people were killed

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