Geographical names with and without "the"

Geographical names with and without "the"

Geographical names with and without the Continents We dont say the with the names of : continents Africa Asia Europe South America

Countries and States We do not usually say the with the names : of countries and states France Japan West Germany Nigeria Taxes But we say the with names which include : words like republic, union, kingdom, states The German Federal Republic

The Soviet Union The United States of America The Republic of Ireland The United Kingdom The United Arab Emirates : We also use the with plural names The Netherlands The Philippines

Cities We do not use the with the names of cities/ : towns/ villages Cairo New York Glasgow Madrid Exception: The Hague (in the Netherlands) Islands

Island groups usually have plural names with :the The Bahamas The Canaries The Canary Islands The British Isles Individual islands usually have singular : names without the Corfu Sicily Bermuda Easter Island

Regions : We say The Middle East The Far East The north of England, the south of Spain, the west of Canada But: Northern England, Southern Spain, Western Canada

Mountains Mountains ranges usually have plural names :with the The Rocky Mountains / the Rockies/ the Andes The Alps But individual mountains usually have names :without the Everest Ben Nevis ( Scotland)) mount( Etna

Lakes Lakes usually have names without the: Lake Superior Lake Constance Names of Oceans/ Seas/ Rivers/ Canals have the The Atlantic The Indian Ocean

The Mediterranean The Red Sea The English Channel The Nile The Amazon The Thames The Rhine The Suez Canal The Panama Canal (NOTE: in maps the is not usually included in the name)

..Names of Streets, Buildings We do not normally use the with names of : streets/ roads/ squares Regent Street Fifth Avenue Piccadilly Circus Cromwell Road Broadway Red Square

There are some exceptions: The Mall in London Many names (for example, of airports and :universities) are two words Kennedy Airport Cambridge University The first word is usually the name of a person, or place. We do not usually say the with : names like these

Westminster Abbey Edinburgh Castle Hyde Park Victoria Station Buckingham palace London zoo Canterbury Cathedral But we say The White House, The Royal Palace because white and royal are not

names. This is a general rule there are exceptions. - We usually say the before the names of these places: Hotels: the Hilton (Hotel), the Station Hotel Restaurants/ pubs: the Bombay Restaurant, the Red Lion Theatres: the Palace Theatre, the National Theatre

Cinemas: the ABC, the Odeon, the Classic Museums/ galleries: the British Museum, the Tate Gallery Many shops, restaurants, hotels, banks etc are named after the people who started them. These names end in s or s. We dont use : the with these names Shops: Selfridges, Harrods Restaurants: Maxims, Macdonalds, Luigis Italian restaurants

Banks: Barclays bank, Lloyds bank :Churches are usually named after saints St Johns Church We say the before the names of places, :buildings etc with of The Bank of England The House of Parliament The Tower of London The Great wall of China

The Museum of Modern Art :We say the with the names of newspapers The Times The Washington Post The Evening Standard Revision Fill in the blanks with the or nothing: I want to live in ___ Africa.

___ Rome is my favorite city. Have you ever seen ___ Himalayas ? My father likes to read __ Times. . I want to pray in ___ King Khaled Mosque ?Did you go to ___ British Museum . Im staying at ___ Hilton hotel . Nile is the longest river in Africa__

Black Sea lies between___ southeastern Europe ___ .and __Asia He got lost in ___ Amaro Mountains in___ Ethiopia .five years ago We first met when we were at___ Wilmington . University .Coach House Theatre was founded in 1900 ___

.They took a picture of me in___ Franklin Square ? SINGULAR OR PLURAL We use some nouns only in the plural. Trousers shorts pyjamas Jeans tights

scissors Glasses/ spectacles You can also use a pair of with those words: I need some new trousers or I need a new pair of trousers We do not often use the plural of person persons. Instead we use people: He is a nice person.

They are nice people. These nouns end in s but they are not usually plural: Mathematics physics economics athletics gymnastics news Athletics is always my favorite sport. What time is the news on television? These

words end in s but they are not usually plural: Means a means of transport many means of transport Series a television series two television series Some singular nouns are often used with a plural verb

Government staff team family audience Committee We often think of these things as a number of people (they) not as one thing ( it). So we often use a plural verb: The government (=they) want to reduce taxes. The staff arent happy with their new working

conditions. A singular verb ( The government wants ..) is also possible. Note that we normally use a plural verb with the names of sports : teams Scotland are playing France in a . football match next week We always use a plural verb with

: the police . The police have arrested Tom ?Are the police well-paid Sometimes we use a plural noun with a singular verb. We do this when we talk about a sum of money, a period of time, a distance etc: Five thousand pounds (=it) was

stolen in the robbery. ( not were stolen) Three years (=it) is a long time to be without a job. ( not are) We say a holiday of three weeks but a three-week holiday: I have got a three-week holiday in July. ( not a three-weeks holiday) Here, three-week is used as an adjective

before holiday. When we use threeweeks as an adjective, it loses the s. So we say: A ten-pound note ( not pounds) Two 14-year-old girls A four-week English course A six-hour journey. You can also say Ive got three weeks holiday.

Create adjectives using the information mentioned in each sentence. The boy is 12 years old.

This book has 200 pages.

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