Grade 7-9 - Mrsjgibbs

Grade 7-9 - Mrsjgibbs

Grade 7-9 How to get the top grades To be able to identify the characteristics of level 7-9 answers so that you can apply them to your own writing. To explore techniques that can be applied to your answers and apply information from examiner reports. To identify useful revision activities to stretch and challenge you. Objectives

Language analysis Language paper 1 Q2 and Q4 Language paper 2 Q3 and Q4 Session 1 - focus In paper 1, you will be presented with an extract from a novel or short story from the 20th or 21st Century. It is an unseen extract, meaning you will almost certainly never have seen it before.

The extract will be approximately 40-50 lines in length. It will be taken from a key point in a text: perhaps the opening or a moment of extreme tension. The purpose of section A is to consider how the writer uses descriptive and narrative techniques to capture the interest of their readers. Do this paper in chronological order Things to remember Paper 1

The aim of this exam is to help students understand how writers have their own viewpoints and ideas on important themes and issues. In section A of this exam you will be presented with two non fiction extracts linked by topic but written in different centuries and taken from different genres. So, for example, you may have an extract from a 19th Century newspaper about the role of women, followed by an extract from a 21st Century autobiography by a prominent feminist. Source A will probably include a picture, whereas Source B will likely be made up of two pieces. The two sources are likely to focus on issues which have changed over time, such as: education, parenting, transport or technology.

Things to remember Paper 2 Know the assessment objectives for each question. Paper 1 and 2 Section A: AO1: Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas Select and synthesise evidence from different texts AO2: Explain, comment on and analyse how different writers use language and structure to

achieve effects and influence readers, using relevant subject terminology to support their views. AO3: Compare writers ideas and perspectives and how they are conveyed. (paper 2 only) Assessment Objectives AO4: Evaluate texts critically and support this with appropriate (paper 1 only)

You might think the extracts are quite complex, and you'd be right. Help yourself get ready for this by reading extracts from a range of texts. Some are available on my Blog. My simple suggestion would be to read the opening page of any fiction book and ask yourself 'what has the writer done to engage the reader? Revision tip Paper 1,

Question 2 The one that analyses language 8 marks NO MORE THAN 10 minutes focuses on 5-6 lines The more perceptive points are likely to come from looking at language devices and sentence structures. Scan the extract noticing the different sentence types. Its not enough to just identify the sentence types used in an extract. You need to think about why they are used. Probably the easiest way to do this is to think about sentence length. Writers often use very long sentences to create an overwhelming or depressing atmosphere, and very short sentences

to create a sense of energy, pace and panic. Why? Because long sentences are hard to read (overwhelming you could say) and short sentences create pace as you are forced to take so many short breaths to time the punctuation. But be careful: the exam board doesnt want you writing about the length of sentences; you need to write about the sentence types which are employed (simple, compound or complex). Looking at sentence length first can be useful, but you must then work out exactly which sentence types are employed. Top tip: Q2

The writer uses different sentence structures for effect. They use long sentences and shorter sentences. The long sentences are full of commas and there are lots of pauses for effect. This makes the reader want to read on. What not to do It was on a dreary night of November that I beheld the accomplishment of my toils. With an anxiety that almost amounted to agony, I collected the instruments of life around me, that I might infuse a spark of being into the

lifeless thing that lay at my feet. It was already one in the morning; the rain pattered dismally against the panes, and my candle was nearly burnt out, when, by the glimmer of the half-extinguished light, I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open; it breathed hard, and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs. Putting it into practice Write a practice paragraph about the way Shelley uses

language to describe the weather What can you say about sentence structure? What did you notice? Shelley uses sentence structure to convey the overwhelming power of the bad weather in the extract. The compoundcomplex sentence 'It was already one in the morninga convulsive motion agitated its limbs' is made up of numerous clauses and is so long that it is difficult to read aloud without becoming breathless. This is a deliberate technique used by

Shelley who wants to convey the fact that the weather was overwhelming, just like the use of sentence structure. With two semi-colons and five commas, this sentence is chaotic. The chaotic sentence structure is a reflection of the chaotic weather, reflecting the chaos of the experiment taking place. Instead Shows/suggests/symbolises Literal meaning/figurative meaning/symbolic meaning Always consider the context in which the word/phrase

appears. Avoid phrases like: it makes the reader want to read on/it creates an image in the readers mind. Extending analysis Start with an amazing point dont leave it until the last paragraph. First impressions count! Look at language devices and sentence structures first Then look at individual words and phrases Be perceptive

Go for deep levels of analysis: literal meaning/figurative meaning/symbolic meaning Dont be weird! 3 is the magic number Overall approach to Q2 Session 2: Improving writing

Paper 1 Q5 Descriptive/Narrative Paper 2 Q 5 Persuasive writing Section B of Paper 1 contains two questions; you must answer one of the two. You will be given a photograph to use as a stimulus for the first question. You will be asked to write a creative piece which could be either narrative or descriptive. Typically, the descriptive question will ask you to describe the picture. The narrative question will likely ask you to write part of a story based on a named theme linked to the picture. Sometimes both questions will be narrative, sometimes both will be descriptive, and

sometimes there will be one of each type. The question is marked out of 40, with 16 marks being awarded for spelling, punctuation and grammar. You are advised to spend 45 minutes on the question, with the final 5 minutes allotted for checking over your answer. Paper 1 Q: Write the opening part of a story based on a tropical island. (narrative) Or

Q: Write a description based on this image.(descriptive) Example questions There are three main tips when it comes to descriptive writing: 1. Describe the full range of senses 2. Use figurative language 3. To hit the top marks in this question, you need to create the correct tone. Often confused with mood, tone refers to the writers attitude towards what they are writing

about. Descriptive Top Tips First, choose appropriate vocabulary positive language will create a positive tone. Compare the following: The warm sea gently lapped up against the hot sand. To The boiling sea smashed up against the molten sand.

Positive or negative? Similarly, varying sentence types can create tone. Use lots of short simple sentences to create a fast paced, tense atmosphere. Use long complex sentences to create a more relaxed feel. Compare: It was hot. The sun shone. Birds cried. To Although the waves gently lapped at my feet, they were no match for the powerful sun which enveloped every atom of

my being. The sand, which only that morning had been cool to the touch, had warmed into a shore-side oven, baking all who lay upon it. Positive or negative? Extended metaphor. Varied sentence structure. Sophisticated

descriptive techniques Start with an extended metaphor Extended metaphor openings: 1. Pick a tiny detail 2. Create a metaphor about this 3. Develop this metaphor into your first paragraph- stretch the

idea. Extended metaphor Extended metaphor openings: 1. Wrinkles 2. Memories from the past were etched across his face. 3. Weaving outwards from the corner of his eyes, each line told a different story.

Some showed happiness, others showed sadness and loss. His face was a map of emotions: his memories forever written on his face. Class example Extended metaphor openings: 1. Eyes 2. His eyes, two doorways

to his soul, were motionless. 3. ... narrative writing should cover all of the skills from descriptive writing: the senses, poetic language, emotive language and varied sentence length. However, with narrative writing it is important to be aware of the elements which create narrative. Sophisticated

narrative Structure The Greek philosopher Aristotle, around the year 335 BC, wrote 'Poetics, a text which included theories on narrative structure. Aristotle believed that drama could be divided into three pieces. In the 19th Century, building on the work of Aristotle, the German novelist Gustav Freytag proposed that all five act plays follow the same format: Narrative

Structure Exposition Introduces the setting and main characters. Rising action A series of events to keep the reader interested Climax The main character comes face to face with a problem. They have a choice to make. Falling Action the problem unravels and the hero either wins or loses Denouement The fallout from the way the characters

deal with the climax Whole text structure Show dont tell. Imagine you are writing a story about a drug addict. The tell me style narrative would read like this: She was looking for drugs, desperate to get some because she was starting to experience withdrawal symptoms. Compare to:

Her eyes searched quickly, flitting around the room; it had to be here somewhere. Her hands were starting to shake the familiar signal from her bloodstream that time was running out. Beads of sweat rolled down her forehead as she overturned dirty pillows and tore open empty cupboards. She reached for her purse but she knew already what she would find inside: nothing. She screamed a desperate scream. Sophisticated narrative techniques

Dark. So dark. Andrew lifted his hand in front of his face but could see nothing. A fierce wind battered his aching body. Where was he? He remembered waking up in the plane just as the screaming had begun Compare the effect Excited and fidgety, Andrew ran straight from the hotel room to the idyllic beach he had been dreaming about ever since he saw it in the holiday brochure. The gentle

lapping of the waves on the warm white sand was all he could hear. The sand warmed his toes as he threw down his towel and smiled a broad grin. Compare the effect Complete the question Taking it further

Persuasive Writing You will be asked to give your own opinion on the theme which has been raised in section A. You will be given a specific purpose, audience and form for this question. Around 1/3 of the marks available in this section are awarded for spelling, punctuation and grammar, so it is not just about what you write but how you write it. The question will be framed as a polemic statement - a

statement which has a very strong opinion. You will then be asked to explain your point of view on this statement. Paper 2 question 5 Teenagers are obsessed with social networking sites which have a completely negative effect on their lives. Social networking sites should be banned. Write an article in which you agree or disagree with this statement.

Example question The key to writing to argue / persuade is second guessing. This means that you anticipate how your reader will respond and then argue against those points. E.g. your ideas include: 1. Social media is good fun 2. Social media keeps kids off the streets 3. Social media raises awareness of important issues / needs in society BUT Their reasons might include: 4. Because it encourages online bullying

5. Because it stops children from real life interaction with friends and family / going outdoors Top Tips: counterargue! Polemic statements suit the ARRESTED linguistic devices: Alliteration Repetition Rhetorical Question Emotive language Statistics

Triplets Exaggeration Direct address TOP TIPs- use devices Top Tip- Consider your audience Anaphora deliberate repetition of the first part of a

sentence. Hypophora : a figure of speech in which a writer raises a question and then immediately provides an answer to that question. Much more sophisticated than a rhetorical question. Idioms Satire Nuance/subtlety Sophisticated techniques

If you are trying to hit the top marks in your exam then it is important to use satire or humour in your writing. Satire is the use of humour to attack injustice. Example question 'School uniform is the number one most important factor in ensuring that students behave well and achieve academic success at school'. Write a letter to your head teacher arguing for or against the abolition of school uniform.

Satire By wearing the shirt, tie and blazer, we are preparing ourselves for the world of work and our future careers. Dressing up for school today shows you how to dress up for McDonalds tomorrow or, maybe for the lucky few of us, even Primark. It is a well known fact that imposing a school uniform results in improved behaviour from students. Indeed, since introducing the blazer last year, we have been able to completely dispose of the behaviour system completely. One Year 7 student even told me "wearing a tie makes me want to be a better boy". Other have said

that just slipping on school shoes stops them from swearing. Indeed, school uniform makes us behave so well, I suggest we start wearing it at home too. The magical effect will mean we never back chat our parents again! Satire tongue in cheek humour Second guessing your audience argue against those points. Sentence variety careful crafting of sentences will set your work apart from the rest.

Make complex points. Dont start with a rhetorical question. Its clichd. Dont over-egg the pudding be subtle. Pay attention to form: articles need headlines! PLAN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Top tips Technology has no place in education. Students should never bring their phones to school under any circumstances.

Write an article for your school parents newsletter in which you persuade them of your view on this topic. Taking it further Use the calculator feature for Maths Use the camera to take photos of homework (a virtual planner) Use reminders for homework deadlines Go online for research purposes Access existing online revision materials

What are your counter arguments? Sample plan The semi colon is the king of punctuation! Vary sentence type. Vary the way you start your sentences: start with pronouns/adverbs/adjectives/connectives/verbs. SPaG top tips

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